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The production of social security: employment security, income maintenance, and health provision in cross-national perspective. (Die Produktion sozialer Sicherheit)
Graduate School of Social Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4974-2956
University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
2011 (German)In: Berliner Journal für Soziologie, ISSN 0863-1808, Vol. 21, no 2, 175-202 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the current public discourse the phenomenon of insecurity is widely discussed since various kinds of social risks are becoming more widespread throughout European societies threatening biographical stability and status security. Given this there is a quest for a realignment of state interventions aiming at the (reproduction of stability and security. It is assumed that institutional arrangements and interventions such as employment protection, income maintenance schemes and healthcare provision not only contribute to objective but also to subjective security. Using data from the European Social Survey 2008 for the labor force in 20 European nations, we test this assumption by scrutinizing three kinds of perceived social risks: the risk of job loss, the risk of lack of monetary means and the risk of insufficient healthcare provision. We take on a cross-national perspective and conduct ordinal multi-level regression analyses in order to measure the extent to which different levels of social policy interventions can be accounted for differences in subjective insecurity. We find that a high degree of employment protection - astomsliingly - does not enhance the perceived employment security significantly, whereas higher levels of social security spending and healthcare expenditure indeed go along with higher levels of subjective security. This relationship is moderated by the general level of economic development. Adapted from the source document. Reprinted by permission of VS Verlag fÃŒr Sozialwissenschaften, Germany; In the current public discourse the phenomenon of insecurity is widely discussed since various kinds of social risks are becoming more widespread throughout European societies threatening biographical stability and status security. Given this there is a quest for a realignment of state interventions aiming at the (re-)production of stability and security. It is assumed that institutional arrangements and interventions such as employment protection, income maintenance schemes and healthcare provision not only contribute to objective but also to subjective security. Using data from the European Social Survey 2008 for the labor force in 20 European nations, we test this assumption by scrutinizing three kinds of perceived social risks: the risk of job loss, the risk of lack of monetary means and the risk of insufficient healthcare provision. We take on a cross-national perspective and conduct ordinal multi-level regression analyses in order to measure the extent to which different levels of social policy interventions can be accounted for differences in subjective insecurity. We find that a high degree of employment protection-astonishingly-does not enhance the perceived employment security significantly, whereas higher levels of social security spending and healthcare expenditure indeed go along with higher levels of subjective security. This relationship is moderated by the general level of economic development.; In the current public discourse the phenomenon of insecurity is widely discussed since various kinds of social risks are becoming more widespread throughout European societies threatening biographical stability and status security. Given this there is a quest for a realignment of state interventions aiming at the (reproduction of stability and security. It is assumed that institutional arrangements and interventions such as employment protection, income maintenance schemes and healthcare provision not only contribute to objective but also to subjective security. Using data from the European Social Survey 2008 for the labor force in 20 European nations, we test this assumption by scrutinizing three kinds of perceived social risks: the risk of job loss, the risk of lack of monetary means and the risk of insufficient healthcare provision. We take on a cross-national perspective and conduct ordinal multi-level regression analyses in order to measure the extent to which different levels of social policy interventions can be accounted for differences in subjective insecurity. We find that a high degree of employment protection – astomsliingly – does not enhance the perceived employment security significantly, whereas higher levels of social security spending and healthcare expenditure indeed go along with higher levels of subjective security. This relationship is moderated by the general level of economic development. Adapted from the source document.; In the current public discourse the phenomenon of insecurity is widely discussed since various kinds of social risks are becoming more widespread throughout European societies threatening biographical stability and status security. Given this there is a quest for a realignment of state interventions aiming at the (reproduction of stability and security. It is assumed that institutional arrangements and interventions such as employment protection, income maintenance schemes and healthcare provision not only contribute to objective but also to subjective security. Using data from the European Social Survey 2008 for the labor force in 20 European nations, we test this assumption by scrutinizing three kinds of perceived social risks: the risk of job loss, the risk of lack of monetary means and the risk of insufficient healthcare provision. We take on a cross-national perspective and conduct ordinal multi-level regression analyses in order to measure the extent to which different levels of social policy interventions can be accounted for differences in subjective insecurity. We find that a high degree of employment protection – astomsliingly – does not enhance the perceived employment security significantly, whereas higher levels of social security spending and healthcare expenditure indeed go along with higher levels of subjective security. This relationship is moderated by the general level of economic development. Adapted from the source document.

Abstract [de]

In der gegenwärtigen öffentlichen Debatte wird über neue Formen der sozialen Verunsicherung intensiv diskutiert, da sich verschiedene Arten sozialer Risiken offenbar über weite Teile europäischer Gesellschaften ausbreiten und biografische Stabilität und Statussicherheit gefährden. Angesichts dieser Wahrnehmung wird immer wieder der Ruf nach einer Neuausrichtung staatlicher Intervention laut, um wieder Stabilität und Sicherheit herzustellen. Die dahinter liegende Annahme lautet, dass institutionelle Arrangements der Arbeitsmarktregulierung, Einkommenssicherung und Gesundheitspolitik nicht nur zur Produktion objektiver, sondern auch subjektiver Sicherheit beitragen können. Anhand von Daten des European Social Survey 2008 für Erwerbspersonen in 20 europäischen Staaten überprüfen wir diese Hypothese, indem wir drei Arten wahrgenommener sozialer Risiken – das Risiko eines Arbeitsplatzverlustes, das Risiko von Geldknappheit und das Risiko nicht ausreichender Gesundheitsversorgung im Krankheitsfall – näher untersuchen. Wir nehmen eine vergleichende Perspektive ein und untersuchen mit Hilfe ordinaler Mehrebenenmodelle, inwieweit sozialpolitische Interventionsniveaus die Unterschiede der subjektiven Unsicherheiten erklären können. Die Befunde zeigen, dass ein hohes Ausmaß arbeitsmarktlicher Regulierung – bemerkenswerterweise – nicht zur Produktion subjektiver (Arbeitsplatz-)Sicherheit beiträgt, während höhere Sozialausgaben und Gesundheitsausgaben durchaus mit größeren subjektiven Sicherheiten einhergehen. Moderiert wird dieser Zusammenhang von den allgemeinen wirtschaftlichen Bedingungen.

Abstract [fr]

Dans le débat public actuel, les nouvelles formes d’insécurité sociale font l’objet de vives discussions tandis que différentes formes de risques sociaux gagnent manifestement tout un pan des sociétés européennes compromettant ainsi stabilité biographique et sécurité des statuts sociaux. Face à ce constat, des voix s’élèvent régulièrement pour demander une réorganisation de l’intervention étatique dans le but de rétablir stabilité et sécurité. Cette revendication repose sur l’hypothèse que les dispositifs institutionnels de régulation du marché du travail, de garantie des revenus et de politique de santé peuvent contribuer à produire une sécurité non seulement objective mais aussi subjective. Nous vérifions cette hypothèse à partir de données de l’Enquête Sociale Européenne (ESS) 2008 portant sur des actifs de 20 pays européens en étudiant de plus près trois formes de risques sociaux perçus (le risque de perte d’emploi, le risque de difficultés financières et le risque de couverture médicale insuffisante en cas de maladie). Nous adoptons une perspective comparative et étudions à l’aide de modèles multi-niveaux ordinaux la question de savoir dans quelle mesure les niveaux d’intervention publique peuvent expliquer les différences quant à la perception des insécurités. Nos résultats montrent qu’un degré élevé de régulation du marché du travail, étonnamment, ne contribue pas à la production de sécurité subjective (de l’emploi) tandis que les dépenses sociales et de santé sont plus élevées tout à fait corrélées à une plus grande sécurité subjective. Cette corrélation est atténuée par les conditions économiques générales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
VS-Verlag , 2011. Vol. 21, no 2, 175-202 p.
Keyword [en]
Social security, Subjective security, Subjective insecurity, Employment, Income, Health
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44093DOI: 10.1007/s11609-011-0157-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44093DiVA: diva2:800694
Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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