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Inequality in oral health related to early and later life social conditions: a study of elderly in Norway and Sweden
Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway .
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8969-1650
Dental Commissioning Unit, Östergötland County Council, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway .
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2015 (English)In: BMC Oral Health, ISSN 1472-6831, E-ISSN 1472-6831, Vol. 15, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: A life course perspective recognizes influences of socially patterned exposures on oral health across the life span. This study assessed the influence of early and later life social conditions on tooth loss and oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) of people aged 65 and 70 years. Whether social inequalities in oral health changed after the usual age of retirement was also examined. In accordance with "the latent effect life course model", it was hypothesized that adverse early-life social conditions increase the risk of subsequent tooth loss and impaired OIDP, independent of later-life social conditions.

Methods: Data were obtained from two cohorts studies conducted in Sweden and Norway. The 2007 and 2012 waves of the surveys were used for the present study. Early-life social conditions were measured in terms of gender, education and country of birth, and later-life social conditions were assessed by working status, marital status and size of social network. Logistic regression and Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) were used to analyse the data. Inverse probability weighting (IPW) was used to adjust estimates for missing responses and loss to follow-up.

Results: Early-life social conditions contributed to tooth loss and OIDP in each survey year and both countries independent of later-life social conditions. Lower education correlated positively with tooth loss, but did not influence OIDP. Foreign country of birth correlated positively with oral impacts in Sweden only. Later-life social conditions were the strongest predictors of tooth loss and OIDP across survey years and countries. GEE revealed significant interactions between social network and survey year, and between marital status and survey year on tooth loss.

Conclusion: The results confirmed the latent effect life course model in that early and later life social conditions had independent effects on tooth loss and OIDP among the elderly in Norway and Sweden. Between age 65 and 70, inequalities tooth loss related to marital status declined, and inequalities related to social network increased.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 15, article id 20
Keywords [en]
Ageing; Cohort; Life-course perspective; OIDP; Social inequality; Tooth loss
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44113DOI: 10.1186/s12903-015-0005-yISI: 000350720300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84924129888OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44113DiVA, id: diva2:801089
Note

Funding Agencies:

Public Dental Health Services in Norway

Norwegian Research Council 213516

Department of Dentistry, Örebro County

Dental Commissioning Unit, Ostergotland County in Sweden

University of Bergen

Available from: 2015-04-08 Created: 2015-04-08 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Ekbäck, Gunnar

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