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Personality disorders in previously detained adolescent females: a prospective study
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-LUMC, Leiden University Medical Center, Netherlands; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, De Bascule, Netherlands; EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands .
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-LUMC, Leiden University Medical Center, Netherlands. (CAPS)
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, De Bascule, Netherlands; EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands .
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-LUMC, Leiden University Medical Center, Netherlands.
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2015 (English)In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 85, no 1, 63-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This longitudinal study investigated the predictive value of trauma and mental health problems for the development of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in previously detained women. The participants were 229 detained adolescent females who were assessed for traumatic experiences and mental health problems (mean age = 15.5 years). Three to 6 years later (M = 4.5; SD = 0.6), ASPD and BPD were diagnosed with a semistructured interview. Forty percent of the women had a personality disorder (i.e., ASPD 15.8%, BPD 9.2%, or both ASPD and BPD 15.2%). Posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and dissociation during detention increased the risk for BPD in adulthood. Surprisingly, neither conduct problems nor substance dependence predicted ASPD; these findings require further study because they add to the controversy surrounding ASPD in females. The high prevalence rates of personality disorders indicate the need for intervention programs that target these unwanted outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 85, no 1, 63-71 p.
Keyword [en]
Abuse; Axis II; Cluster B personality disorders; Forensic; Gender; Precursors; Psychopathology
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Social Work; Psychiatry; Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44145DOI: 10.1037/ort0000032ISI: 000349075600008PubMedID: 25420142Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84925832812OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44145DiVA: diva2:801193
Available from: 2015-04-08 Created: 2015-04-08 Last updated: 2015-04-09Bibliographically approved

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Colins, Olivier F.
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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