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Cognitive skills and reading in adults with Usher syndrome type 2
Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Linköping, Sweden; Linnaeus Centre for Research on Hearing and Deafness (HEAD), Linköping, Sweden; Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
Linnaeus Centre for Research on Hearing and Deafness (HEAD), Linköping, Sweden; Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Linköping, Sweden; Linnaeus Centre for Research on Hearing and Deafness (HEAD), Linköping, Sweden; Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden .
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital. Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Linköping, Sweden; Audiological Research Centre .ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6557-6359
2015 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, 326Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate working memory (WM), phonological skills, lexical skills, and reading comprehension in adults with Usher syndrome type 2 (USH2).

Design: The participants performed tests of phonological processing, lexical access, WM, and reading comprehension. The design of the test situation and tests was specifically considered for use with persons with low vision in combination with hearing impairment. The performance of the group with USH2 on the different cognitive measures was compared to that of a matched control group with normal hearing and vision (NVH).

Study Sample: Thirteen participants with USH2 aged 21-60 years and a control group of 10 individuals with NVH, matched on age and level of education.

Results: The group with USH2 displayed significantly lower performance on tests of phonological processing, and on measures requiring both fast visual judgment and phonological processing. There was a larger variation in performance among the individuals with USH2 than in the matched control group.

Conclusion: The performance of the group with USH2 indicated similar problems with phonological processing skills and phonological WM as in individuals with long-term hearing loss. The group with USH2 also had significantly longer reaction times, indicating that processing of visual stimuli is difficult due to the visual impairment. These findings point toward the difficulties in accessing information that persons with USH2 experience, and could be part of the explanation of why individuals with USH2 report high levels of fatigue and feelings of stress Pahlqvist et al., 2013).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 6, 326
Keyword [en]
Deafblindness; Lexical skill; Phonological skill; Reading; Usher syndrome; Working memory
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44431DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00326ISI: 000351714000001PubMedID: 25859232Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84926634372OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44431DiVA: diva2:807698
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Note

Funding Agency:

Audiological Research Centre in Örebro

Available from: 2015-04-24 Created: 2015-04-24 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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