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Constancy and Change in the Prevalence and Frequency of Offending When Based on Longitudinal Self-reports or Official Records: Comparisons by Gender, Race, and Crime Type
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England.
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
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2015 (English)In: Journal of developmental life-course criminology, ISSN 2199-465X, Vol. 1, no 2, 150-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The study examines age-crime prevalence and age-crime frequency curves based on longitudinal data from boys in the Pittsburgh Youth Study and girls in the Pittsburgh Girls Study.

Results: Results show that the prevalence of the age-crime curve for theft and violence (based on self-reports or police charges) followed the typical age-crime curve for males and slightly less distinctly for females, with the peak of offending occurring earlier for self-reports than for police charges. The decrease in police charges for violence and theft took place at an earlier age for females than males, but this was not distinct when self-reported delinquency was the criterion. The mean frequency of self-reported theft and violence followed the age-crime curve for males but not for females, who showed a mean frequency of offending which was more constant. In contrast, the mean frequency of police charges increased with age for males and females. Comparing African- American and Caucasian males and females shows a higher prevalence but not a higher mean frequency of self-reported offending.

Conclusions: The results are reviewed in the light of other studies, and the policy implications of the findings are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2015. Vol. 1, no 2, 150-68 p.
Keyword [en]
Age crime curve, Prevalence, Frequency, Age Gender
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44767DOI: 10.1007/s40865-015-0010-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44767DiVA: diva2:815550
Note

Kriminologi

Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Ahonen, Lia
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School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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