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Associations between familial factor, trait conscientiousness, gender and the occurrence of type 2 diabetes in adulthood: evidence from a British cohort
Department of Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom; ESRC Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies, Institute of Education, University of London, London, United Kingdom .
Department of Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Psychology, University of Bath, United Kingdom .
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London, United Kingdom .ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6328-5494
Department of Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway .
2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 5, e0122701Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate social, familial, and psychological factors in influencing the occurrence of type 2 diabetes in adulthood.

Method: Some 17,415 babies born in Great Britain in 1958 and followed up at 7, 11, 33, and 50 years of age. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes at age 50 years was the outcome measure.

Results: Some 5,032 participants with data on parental social class, childhood cognitive ability tests scores at age 11 years, educational qualifications at age 33 years, personality traits, occupational levels, and type 2 diabetes (all measured at age 50 years) were included in the study. Available information also included whether cohort members' parents or siblings had diabetes. Using logistic regression analyses, results showed that sex (OR= 0.63: 0.42-0.92, p<. 05), family history (OR= 3.40: 1.76-6.55, p<. 01), and trait conscientiousness (OR= 0.76: 0.64-0.90, p<. 001) were all significantly and independently associated with the occurrence of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. It appears that the occurrence of type 2 diabetes is greater among men than women (4.3% vs 2.5%).

Conclusion: Familial (genetic and non-genetic) and psychological factors are significantly associated with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in adulthood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science , 2015. Vol. 10, no 5, e0122701
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44865DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122701ISI: 000354049700007PubMedID: 25946160Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84929094792OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44865DiVA: diva2:818807
Available from: 2015-06-09 Created: 2015-06-09 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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