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Impact of quality indicators on adherence to National and European guidelines for renal cell carcinoma
Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Section of Urology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Surgical Intervention Trials Unit, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
Department of Oncology, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medicine, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Urology.
Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Scandinavian journal of urology, ISSN 2168-1805, E-ISSN 2168-1813, Vol. 50, no 1, 2-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this population-based study was to evaluate the impact of quality indicators on the adherence to guidelines for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Material and methods: Since 2005, virtually all patients with newly diagnosed RCC in Sweden have been registered in the National Swedish Kidney Cancer Register (NSKCR). The register contains information on histopathology, nuclear grade, clinical stage, preoperative work-up, treatment, recurrence and survival. In addition, a number of quality indicators have been measured in the register aiming to increase the quality of care. The quality indicators are: the coverage of the register, histology reports, preoperative chest computed tomography (CT), partial nephrectomy, laparoscopic surgery, centralization to high-volume hospitals and waiting times.

Results: A total of 8556 patients with diagnosed RCC were registered from 2005 to 2013 (99% coverage). In 2013, 99% of the histopathology reports were standardized. The number of patients with preoperatively chest CT increased from 59% in 2005 to 89% in 2013. The proportion of patients with RCC T1aN0M0 who underwent partial nephrectomy increased from 22% in 2005 to 56% in 2013. Similarly, laparoscopic radical nephrectomies increased from 6% in 2005 to 24% in 2013. The median tumour size at detection decreased from 60 mm in 2005 to 55 mm in 2013. The proportion of patients who were incidentally detected increased from 43% in 2005 to 55% in 2013.

Conclusions: The data show an improved adherence to the guidelines for RCC as measured by quality indicators and a steady process of earlier detection of patients with RCC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016. Vol. 50, no 1, 2-8 p.
Keyword [en]
Population-based, quality indicators, renal cell carcinoma, surgery, Sweden, tumour size, tumour type
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Urology and Nephrology
Research subject
Surgery esp. Urology Specific; Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45369DOI: 10.3109/21681805.2015.1059882ISI: 000367832000002PubMedID: 26202573Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84954092344OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-45369DiVA: diva2:843627
Note

Funding Agencies:

Umeå University

Lions Cancer Research Foundation, Umeå

Research Foundation at the Urology Department of Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Foundation of Anna-Lisa and Bror Björnsson

Stockholm Cancer Society

Capio St Görans Hospital

Available from: 2015-07-29 Created: 2015-07-29 Last updated: 2016-02-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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