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Defining the role of cognitive distance in the peer review process with an explorative study of a grant scheme in infection biology
INDEK, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. INDEK, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1292-8239
2015 (English)In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 271-281Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is twofold: (1) to provide a methodology for measurement of cognitive distance between researchers and (2) to explore the role of cognitive distance on the results of peer review processes. Cited references and the content of articles are used to represent their respective scientific knowledge bases. Based on the two different approaches-Author-Bibliographic Coupling analysis and Author-Topic analysis-we apply the methodology on a recent competition for grants from the Swedish Strategic Foundation. Results indicate that cognitive distances between applicants and reviewers might influence peer review results, but that the impact is to some extent at the unexpected end. The main contribution of this article is the elaboration on the relevance of the concept of cognitive distance to the issue of research evaluation in general, and especially in relation to peer review as a model used in grant decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 24, no 3, p. 271-281
Keywords [en]
cognitive distance, peer review process, grant decisions, author bibliographic coupling, author topic analysis
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45586DOI: 10.1093/reseval/rvv009ISI: 000358019000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-45586DiVA, id: diva2:846816
Note

Funding Agencies:

Chinese Ministry of Education

Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (R.J)

Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, Ulf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf