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How can sport clubs for non-disabled youth include children and adolescents with disabilities?
Högskolan i Gävle.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Med kraft och vilja - Forskning om idéburna organisationers ANDT-förebyggande arbete)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5093-4958
2015 (English)In: 20th Annual European College of Sport Science Sustainable Sport Congress / [ed] ECSS, 2015Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Young people with disabilities participate in sports to a lesser extent than other adolescents [1]. That physical activity has positive effects on children and adolescents, such as reduced risk of diabetes, overweight and obesity, anxiety and depression are understood [2]. The positive effects of participation in organized sport and physical activity are at least as great for children and young people with disabilities as children and young people without disabilities. One of the most important tasks of various actors is to find ways to increase physical activity and the health of children and youth with disabilities. Sports clubs are identified as potential and attractive environments for physical activity, but also for social and mental health [3]. The reasons why children and young people with disabilities participate to a lower extent in organized sport is complex and barriers can be deriving from many different levels. However, barriers have been studied more than what can facilitate participation in organized sport [4]. Therefor the aim of this study is to present the first results from a systematic international and scientific literature review of how sport clubs for non-disabled youth can include children and adolescents with disabilities in their activities.

Method

Articles (with inclusion criteria of studies focusing on children and adolescents, disability, physical activity, engagement in organized sports, inclusive sport settings) from a 20 years period were selected. Studies with topics that concerned physical education, medical, physical activity without an organized sport agenda, elite sport or equipment issues were excluded. 

Results

The results will focus on which type of sport, target group and countries the examples are from, but foremost on how sport clubs for non-disabled youth actually do to include children and adolescents with disabilities in their activities.

Discussion

It is essential to establish a knowledge base for as well methods for inclusion in everyday activity, as effective interventions towards the target group at hand. If more children and youth with disabilities participate in organized sports several positive health benefits can be achieved.

References

 

[1] Ungdomsstyrelsen, Levnadsvillkor för unga med funktionsnedsättning, FOKUS12, Stockholm.

[2] World Health Organization, Global recommendations on physical activity for health. 2010: Geneva.

[3] EU, White Paper on Sport, Commisssion of the European communities, 2007.

 [4] Shields, N., A.J. Synnot, and M. Barr, Perceived barriers and facilitators to physical activity for children with disability: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2012. 46(14): p. 989-997.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Public health; Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-45915DiVA: diva2:856531
Conference
20th Annual European College of Sport Science Sustainable Sport Congress, Malmö, 24 – 27 June, 2015
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-24 Last updated: 2017-03-03Bibliographically approved

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