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Predictors of re-employment: A question of attitude, behavior, or gender?
Malardalen Univ, Eskilstuna, Sweden..
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 56, no 4, 438-446 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This longitudinal study examined the predictive value of attitudes, personal-related variables, job search behaviour, and demographic variables on re-employment among 142 assembly workers who had been made redundant. Participants completed a questionnaire within a week after leaving their jobs, and another 15 months later. Results of hierarchical logistic regression revealed that gender (being male), was the strongest predictor of re-employment. Willingness to relocate and desire to change occupation also increased the odds of re-employment 15 months after dismissal. On the other hand - having children at home and anonymous-passive job-search behaviour, which is more prevalent among women, decreased the odds for re-employment. The study is contributing to research by revealing gender differences in job search behaviour and the importance of focusing qualitative differences instead of merely quantitative measures in job-search behaviour. And even more important, despite attitude and job-search behaviour, there is still differences that seems to be related to gender and family responsibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 56, no 4, 438-446 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitudes, family responsibility, gender differences, job-search behaviour, re-employment, work-related self-efficacy
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45959DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12218ISI: 000358042800010PubMedID: 25959069Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84929207124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-45959DiVA: diva2:857816
Available from: 2015-09-30 Created: 2015-09-30 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Proactivity at work
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proactivity at work
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Proactive behaviour implies taking initiative and mastering unexpected situations, and hence, is desirable in different situations. The present thesis includes three empirical studies intended to understand the consequences of proactive behaviour, as well as the factors that contribute to proactive behaviour at work and when facing unemployment. More specifically, whether job design, as measured by objective work task analysis, provides conditions conducive to proactivity in the workplace and when facing unemployment. The results of proactive behaviour during unemployment were also of interest. Study I focused on the influence of job design on individuals’ personal initiative and confidence in their ability when facing unemployment. Participants were employees at a downsizing Swedish assembly plant. Confidence in one’s ability mediated the relationship between job design and personal initiative, and personal initiative affected job search behaviour when advised to be dismissed. Study II, a longitudinal exploration, focused on the predictors of re-employment in the same group as in Study I. Men were more than nine times as likely as women to obtain jobs within 15 months. Individuals without children were more than seven times as likely as those with children to find work within 15 months. The desire to change occupation and willingness to relocate also increased the probability of being re-employed, whereas anonymous-passive job-search behaviour and work-related self-efficacy actually decreased the probability of re-employment. The number of job applications did not impact later re-employment. Study III analysed job design as a predictor of group initiative and self-organisational activities in semiautonomous industrial work groups. An input-process-output model showed that group processes such as reflexivity mediated the impact of job design on proactivity in work groups. Taken together, these studies suggest that work task analysis a useful tool, since it provides access to information that cannot be obtained with self-report measures. Job design indirectly affected proactivity both in the face of unemployment, and in industrial work groups. Further, it is worthwhile to continue identifying the antecedents and consequences of proactivity, as this seems to be an important factor regarding work and unemployment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2015. 76 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 32
Keyword
Job design, work task analysis, proactivity, unemployment, attitudes, personal initiative, job-search behaviour, group initiative, group processes
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45644 (URN)978-91-7529-092-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-16, Filen, Mälardalens högskola, Drottninggatan 12, Eskilstuna, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-08-26 Created: 2015-08-26 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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