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Estimation of dietary folic acid intake in three generations of females in Southern Spain
Research Group Nutrition, Diet and Risk Assessment (AGR-255), Department Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus of Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0529-379X
Research Group Nutrition, Diet and Risk Assessment (AGR-255), Department Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus of Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain; Department of Food Technology, Nutrition and Food Science, University of Murcia, Spain.
Research Group Nutrition, Diet and Risk Assessment (AGR-255), Department Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus of Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
Research Group Nutrition, Diet and Risk Assessment (AGR-255), Department Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus of Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
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2013 (English)In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 67, 114-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An adequate folic acid intake has been related to female fertility. The recommended intake of this vitamin was recently increased to 400μg/day, with an additional 200μg/day during pregnancy. The Mediterranean Diet includes sources of folate such as pulses, green-leaf vegetables, fruit, cereals, and dried fruits; other foods of interest are liver and blue fish. The objectives were to determine the foods that contribute most to folate intake and analyze the factors that influence their consumption by three generations in a female population (n=898; age, 10-75yrs) from Southern Spain: 230 adolescents (10-16yrs), 296 healthy pregnant women (19-45yrs), and 372 menopausal women (>45yrs). Participants completed a previously validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Over 90% of their folate intake was supplied by cereals, fruit, natural juice, pulses, and cooked and raw vegetables. The mean (SD) daily intake of folate was 288.27(63.64) μg. A higher Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) was significantly related to a greater folate intake. The daily folate intake was not significantly influenced by educational level, number of children, or place of residence (rural vs. urban). In logistic regression analysis, the factors related to an adequate folate intake (>2/3 of recommendations) were higher age, higher MDS, and lower BMI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press, 2013. Vol. 67, 114-118 p.
Keyword [en]
Folic acid; Mediterranean Diet Score; Female population; Healthy pregnant women
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46646DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2013.04.004ISI: 000320221800016PubMedID: 23587520Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84877341032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-46646DiVA: diva2:872708
Note

Funding Agencies:

European Union Commission QLK4-1999-01 422  FOOD-CT-2004-506319

Health Department of Granada City Council-University of Granada, Spain 2260

Junta de Andalucia, Spain AGR-255

University of Granada, Spain

Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-19 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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