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Proposal for a Breakfast Quality Index (BQI) for children and adolescents
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja s/n, E-18071 Granada, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0529-379X
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja s/n, E-18071 Granada, Spain.
Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
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2013 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 16, no 4, 639-644 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To propose and apply an instrument to assess the breakfast quality of children and adolescents in the Mediterranean area.

DESIGN: Randomized, cross-sectional survey of breakfast consumption using a validated semi-quantitative FFQ administered at school by trained dietitians between Tuesday and Friday. A Breakfast Quality Index (BQI) score was developed, assigning a positive value to the consumption of cereals, fruit, vegetables, dairy products, MUFA, Ca and compliance with energy recommendations, and to the absence of SFA and trans-rich fats. Data were analysed by Student's t test and ANOVA.

SETTING: Schools in Granada and Balearic Islands (Spain).

SUBJECTS: All schoolchildren (n 4332) aged 8-17 years at randomly selected and representative schools between 2006 and 2008, stratified by age and sex.

RESULTS: Breakfast was not consumed by 6·5 % of participants. BQI score was highest for children aged 7-9 years and decreased with age (P = 0·001). Females scored higher in all age groups. The lowest score was in males aged 14-17 years and the highest in females aged 7-9 years (P = 0·006).

CONCLUSIONS: The proposed BQI appears useful to estimate the breakfast quality of schoolchildren and to form a basis for nutrition education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2013. Vol. 16, no 4, 639-644 p.
Keyword [en]
Breakfast, Breakfast Quality Index (BQI), Children, Adolescents
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46658DOI: 10.1017/S1368980012003175ISI: 000315688700010PubMedID: 22874533Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84874738845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-46658DiVA: diva2:872795
Note

Funding Agencies:

Spanish Ministry of Health and Consumption Affairs 05/1276  08/1259  Red Predimed-RETIC RD06/0045/1004

Spanish Ministry of Education and Science

University of Granada

Andalusian Regional Government AGR255

Health Department of Granada City Council, Spain

Available from: 2015-11-20 Created: 2015-11-20 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Monteagudo, Celia
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