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Validation of questionnaires to estimate adherence to the Mediterranean diet and life habits in older individuals in Southern Spain
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
Concejalia de Salud del Excmo, Ayuntamiento de Granada, Granada, Spain.
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0529-379X
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
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2011 (English)In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 15, no 9, p. 739-743Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the nutritional behaviour of an elderly urban population in Southern Spain, estimating their degree of adherence to the Mediterranean.

DIET DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional nutritional survey, recruiting a representative sample of elderly inhabitants. The study sample comprised 260 people. The mean age was 73.60 yrs for the men and 72.25 yrs for the women. Around 70% lived with their family.

RESULTS: The questionnaires used were first validated by using the Bland-Altman plot and the Wilcoxon test for paired samples. The degree of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet was around 50%, similar to findings in other Mediterranean populations. We highlight the mean consumption of milk and milk products (300-317 g/day) and of fruit/vegetables (250 g/day), which are slightly below recommendations. Our study subjects were all autonomous in their movements and were physically independent: 80% reported that they performed some type of physical activity.

CONCLUSION: In this study, both adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and physical activity were considered as components of a healthy life. In summary, a majority of this elderly population was slightly overweight, considered themselves to be in good health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2011. Vol. 15, no 9, p. 739-743
Keywords [en]
Elderly people, mediterranean dietary pattern
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46659DOI: 10.1007/s12603-011-0136-zISI: 000297669700001PubMedID: 22089221Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84856282266OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-46659DiVA, id: diva2:872797
Note

Funding Agencies:

Concejalia de Salud del Excmo

Ayuntamiento de Granada (Spain)

University of Granada (Spain)

Andalusian Regional Government AGR255

Available from: 2015-11-20 Created: 2015-11-20 Last updated: 2018-05-07Bibliographically approved

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Monteagudo, Celia

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