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Analysis of the drinks that contribute to the hydration of andalusian sportspeople
Research Group on Nutrition, Diet and Risk Assessment-AGR255, Nutrition and Food Science Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
Research Group on Nutrition, Diet and Risk Assessment-AGR255, Nutrition and Food Science Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; Food Technology Department, Nutrition and Food Science, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
Research Group on Nutrition, Diet and Risk Assessment-AGR255, Nutrition and Food Science Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0529-379X
Andalusian Centre of Sport Medicine (CAMD), Junta de Andalucía, Spain.
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2013 (English)In: Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte, ISSN 1888-7546, Vol. 6, no 1, 12-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives. To estimate the water balance in a healthy population of sportspeople from Southern Spain and determine the sources of their fluid intake, evaluating the contribution of different types of drink and comparing the results by sex and province of residence.

Methods. Three hundred eighty-six sportspeople (231 males, 152 females) were enrolled in the study. A questionnaire was administered to calculate nutrient intake through diet and physical activity, and anthropometric measures were taken according to ISAK standards. SPSS-15 was used for data analyses.

Results. Fruit juice, tap water, bottled water, processed fruit juice, carbonated drinks, and isotonic drinks comprised 96% of the total water intake. Simple sugar consumption represented 4.44% of daily calorie intake. Significant differences were found between sexes and between professionals and amateurs. The amount of drinks consumed varied as a function of the quality of the drinking water, which significantly differed among the eight Andalusian provinces.

Conclusion. This study population did not fully meet fluid intake recommendations, compliance with hydration recommendations varied as a function of the sex and the amateur or professional status of these sportspeople. The pattern of drinks consumption also differed according to their place of residence.

Abstract [es]

Objetivos: Estimar el balance hídrico en deportistas sanos del sur de España. Determinar los principales aportes de agua y la contribución de los diferentes tipos de bebidas en la hidratación de los sujetos de estudio y comparar los resultados teniendo en cuenta el sexo y la provincia de residencia.

Métodos: Se reclutaron 386 individuos, (231 hombres y 152 mujeres), a través de los Centros Andaluces de Medicina del Deporte (CAMD) y el CAR de Sierra Nevada. Mediante la realización de un cuestionario se calculó la ingesta de nutrientes a través de la dieta y la actividad física. Así mismo se tomaron medidas antropométricas de acuerdo con las normas ISAK. Los datos fueron procesados usando SPSS-15.

Resultados: Los zumos naturales, el agua del grifo, el agua embotellada, los zumos envasados, las bebidas carbonatadas y las bebidas isotónicas contribuyen en un 96% a la ingesta total de agua. La media de consumo diario de azúcares simples fue del 4,44% de la energía diaria. Existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre sexos y entre profesionales y aficionados. Teniendo en cuenta la calidad del agua de consumo de las ocho provincias andaluzas encontramos diferencias en el patrón de ingesta de líquidos.

Conclusión: En este estudio la población no cumple las recomendaciones de ingesta de líquidos. Las recomendaciones de hidratación varían en función del sexo y de si son o no profesionales o aficionados. El patrón de ingesta de líquidos es diferente dependiendo del lugar de residencia de nuestros deportistas

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 6, no 1, 12-16 p.
Keyword [en]
Sportspeople, Hydration, Diet
Keyword [es]
Deportistas, Hidratación, Dieta
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46708DOI: 10.1016/S1888-7546(13)70029-7Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84884687737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-46708DiVA: diva2:873137
Available from: 2015-11-23 Created: 2015-11-23 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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