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Child prevention and group based parenting programs: effectiveness and implementation
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Approximately 10–25% of children and youth suffer from mental health problems, such as depression, emotional difficulties, and disruptive behaviors. The evidence base of the effectiveness of preventive interventions targeting youth mental health currently delivered in regular care is weak. Also, little is known about what is needed for continued delivery of preventive programs in regular care. Hence, there is an evident need of effectiveness evaluations of preventive interventions and their implementation in regular care. In childhood, parenting is an important risk or protective factor for child development, and many programs to improve parents’ parenting has been developed used as preventive interventions. Using an ecological approach to prevention and the prevention research cycle as the theoretical framework this dissertation aim to investigate: 1) the long-term effectiveness of four parenting programs (Cope, Comet, Connect, and the Incredible Years); 2) whether the programs work better for some compared to others; 3) if it matters where parents attend the programs; 4) the field of implementation research regarding group based parenting programs ; and 5) implementation challenges specifically related to such parenting programs. Overall, the long-term results reveal that there are no significant difference in effectiveness across the programs over time. Also, the programs does not seem work better for some compared to others, and neither does it seem as if program effectiveness is much influenced by the sectors delivering the programs (child and adolescent psychiatry, social care, or school). Concerning the implementation of preventive interventions the research base is small, and conclusive evidence concerning implementation aspects of group based parenting programs are non-existing. Thus, it was not possible to draw firm conclusions about their implementation. Nonetheless, existing research clearly suggest that program specific challenges can influence the implementation of group based parenting programs. Implications for practice and research are discussed, for instance, adaptations to the prevention research cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university , 2015. , p. 116
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 33
Keyword [en]
Prevention, child, mental health, parenting programs, effectiveness, implementation, follow-up, sectors
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46973ISBN: 978-91-7529-107-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-46973DiVA, id: diva2:877375
Public defence
2016-01-22, Långhuset, Hörsal 2, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. One-Year Follow-Up of Comet, Cope, Incredible Years, and Connect: findings from a National Effectiveness Trial
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One-Year Follow-Up of Comet, Cope, Incredible Years, and Connect: findings from a National Effectiveness Trial
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47034 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
2. Two-Year Findings from a National Effectiveness Trial: Effectiveness of Behavioral and Non-Behavioral Parenting Programs on Children’s Externalizing Behaviors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Two-Year Findings from a National Effectiveness Trial: Effectiveness of Behavioral and Non-Behavioral Parenting Programs on Children’s Externalizing Behaviors
Show others...
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47035 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
3. Do parenting programs work differently in different sectors of care?: Results from a Swedish national evaluation of parenting programs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do parenting programs work differently in different sectors of care?: Results from a Swedish national evaluation of parenting programs
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47036 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
4. Implementing Group Based Parenting Programs: A Narrative Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing Group Based Parenting Programs: A Narrative Review
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47037 (URN)
Available from: 2015-12-10 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Olofsson, Viveca

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