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Massage induces an immediate, albeit short-term, reduction in muscle stiffness
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital. Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia; Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3474-3200
Laboratory “Motricité, Interactions, Performance” (EA 4334), University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia.
Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia; School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia.
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2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 25, no 5, p. E490-E496Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Using ultrasound shear wave elastography, the aims of this study were: (a) to evaluate the effect of massage on stiffness of the medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscle and (b) to determine whether this effect (if any) persists over a short period of rest. A 7-min massage protocol was performed unilaterally on MG in 18 healthy volunteers. Measurements of muscle shear elastic modulus (stiffness) were performed bilaterally (control and massaged leg) in a moderately stretched position at three time points: before massage (baseline), directly after massage (follow-up 1), and following 3 min of rest (follow-up 2). Directly after massage, participants rated pain experienced during the massage. MG shear elastic modulus of the massaged leg decreased significantly at follow-up 1 (-5.2 +/- 8.8%, P = 0.019, d = -0.66). There was no difference between follow-up 2 and baseline for the massaged leg (P = 0.83) indicating that muscle stiffness returned to baseline values. Shear elastic modulus was not different between time points in the control leg. There was no association between perceived pain during the massage and stiffness reduction (r = 0.035; P = 0.89). This is the first study to provide evidence that massage reduces muscle stiffness. However, this effect is short lived and returns to baseline values quickly after cessation of the massage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. Vol. 25, no 5, p. E490-E496
Keywords [en]
Shear elastic modulus, tension, calf, elastography
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47015DOI: 10.1111/sms.12341ISI: 000364595600007PubMedID: 25487283Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84941741299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47015DiVA, id: diva2:878494
Note

Funding Agencies:

Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare 2012-1475

International Society of Biomechanics (ISB)

Australian Postgraduate Award

NHMRC ID1009410

UQ MEI NHMRC

Rebecca L Cooper Medical Research Foundation

Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Crommert, Martin Eriksson

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School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, SwedenÖrebro University Hospital
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