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"To silence the deafening silence": Survivor's needs and experiences of the impact of disaster radio for their recovery after a natural disaste
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Karlskoga Hospital, Karlskoga, Sweden. (Emergency Care)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0534-4593
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Emergency Care)
Sahlgrenska Akademin, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Center for Woman’s, Family and Child Health, Faculty of Health Science, Buskerud & Vestfold University College, Kongsberg, Norway. (Complications in the Reproductive Life of Women)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2577-1632
2016 (English)In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 28, 8-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the aftermath of the Haiyan typhoon, disaster radio was used to spread information and music to the affected population. The study described survivors' experiences of being in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster and the impact disaster radio made on recovery from the perspective of the individuals affected. Twenty eight survivors were interviewed in focus groups and individual interviews analyzed with phenomenological-hermeneutic method. Being in disaster mode included physical and psychosocial dimensions of being in the immediate aftermath of the disaster. Several needs among the survivors were expressed. Disaster radio contributed to recovery by providing facts and information that helped the survivor to understand and adapt. The music played contributed to emotional endurance and reduced feelings of loneliness. To re-establish social contacts, other interventions are needed. Disaster radio is a positive contribution to the promotion of survivors' recovery after disasters involving a large number of affected people and severely damaged infrastructure. Further studies on the use and impact of disaster radio are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 28, 8-13 p.
Keyword [en]
Disaster, needs, psychosocial support, radio, recovery, biopsychosocial model
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences; Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47268DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2015.11.009ISI: 000383526700002PubMedID: 26724170OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47268DiVA: diva2:890228
Available from: 2016-01-01 Created: 2016-01-01 Last updated: 2017-03-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Disaster response for recovery: survivors experiences, and the use of disaster radio to promote health after natural disasters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaster response for recovery: survivors experiences, and the use of disaster radio to promote health after natural disasters
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Disasters occur all over the world, and affect a rising number of people. The health effects of natural disasters depend on several factors present before, during, and after a disaster event. However, there is only limited knowledge of survivors experiences, needs, and health after natural disasters. Disaster radio means a temporary radio station that broadcasts information, music, and support to the affected population. Disaster radio has the potential to function even in a severely affected area, but its effects need to be further evaluated from a health perspective. The context of this thesis was the Haiyan supertyphoon that hit parts of the Philippines in November 2013.

The overall aim was to describe survivors’ and health professionals’ experiences during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, the health effects from such a disaster, and how disaster radio as a disaster response intervention can be used and evaluated from a health perspective. The thesis includes four studies using qualitative research methods, including content analysis and a phenomenological hermeneutic method, and quantitative methods with statistical analysis.

The results show that the Haiyan typhoon affected physical, psychological, and social dimensions of health. Disaster radio was used to broadcast health-related information and psychosocial support, and made a positive contribution to recovery from the perspective of the survivors. Being a health professional deployed during the disaster was an experience of being both a helper and a victim. The use of a self-selected internetbased sample recruited via Facebook for a web-based survey mitigated several practical challenges related to disaster research, but also raised questions about the generalizability of the results.

Based on the findings, the importance of an integrated physical, psychological, and social health response to natural disasters is emphazized. Also, the health care system should prepare to use disaster radio as disaster response. In addition, the results suggest that disaster training for health professionals should include personal preparation and coping strategies. Internet-based methods in disaster research need to be further evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2017. 91 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 69
Keyword
natural disaster, disaster response, disaster health, recovery, resilience
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52653 (URN)978-91-7529-180-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-31, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, Hörsal 2, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2017-03-10Bibliographically approved

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Hugelius, KarinGifford, MervynAdolfsson, Annsofie
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