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Disaster Radio for Communication of Vital messages and Health-related Information: Experiences from the Haiyan typhoon, The Philippines
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Anesthesia, Karlskoga Hospital, Karlskoga, Sweden. (Emergency Care)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0534-4593
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Emergency Care)
Sahlgrenska Akademin, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden. (Emergency Care)
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2577-1632
2016 (English)In: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, ISSN 1935-7893, Vol. 10, no 4, 591-597 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Crisis communication is seen as an integrated and essential part of disaster management measures. After Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in the Philippines 2013, radio was used to broadcast information to the affected community. The aim of this study was to describe how disaster radio was used to communicate vital messages and health-related information to the public in one affected region after Typhoon Haiyan.

Methods: Mixed-methods analysis using qualitative content analysis and descriptive statistics was used to analyze 2587 logged radio log files.

Results: Radio was used to give general information and to demonstrate the capability of officials to manage the situation, to encourage, to promote recovery and foster a sense of hope, and to give practical advice and encourage self-activity. The content and focus of the messages changed over time. Encouraging messages were the most frequently broadcast messages. Health-related messages were a minor part of all information broadcast and gaps in the broadcast over time were found.

Conclusion: Disaster radio can serve as a transmitter of vital messages including health-related information and psychological support in disaster areas. The present study indicated the potential for increased use. The perception, impact, and use of disaster radio need to be further evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2016. Vol. 10, no 4, 591-597 p.
Keyword [en]
Communication, disaster, natural disasters, health communication, psychosocial support
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring Sciences w. Medical Focus
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47270DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2015.188ISI: 000381283000015PubMedID: 26940871Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84960112370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47270DiVA: diva2:890237
Available from: 2016-01-01 Created: 2016-01-01 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Disaster response for recovery: survivors experiences, and the use of disaster radio to promote health after natural disasters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaster response for recovery: survivors experiences, and the use of disaster radio to promote health after natural disasters
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Disasters occur all over the world, and affect a rising number of people. The health effects of natural disasters depend on several factors present before, during, and after a disaster event. However, there is only limited knowledge of survivors experiences, needs, and health after natural disasters. Disaster radio means a temporary radio station that broadcasts information, music, and support to the affected population. Disaster radio has the potential to function even in a severely affected area, but its effects need to be further evaluated from a health perspective. The context of this thesis was the Haiyan supertyphoon that hit parts of the Philippines in November 2013.

The overall aim was to describe survivors’ and health professionals’ experiences during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, the health effects from such a disaster, and how disaster radio as a disaster response intervention can be used and evaluated from a health perspective. The thesis includes four studies using qualitative research methods, including content analysis and a phenomenological hermeneutic method, and quantitative methods with statistical analysis.

The results show that the Haiyan typhoon affected physical, psychological, and social dimensions of health. Disaster radio was used to broadcast health-related information and psychosocial support, and made a positive contribution to recovery from the perspective of the survivors. Being a health professional deployed during the disaster was an experience of being both a helper and a victim. The use of a self-selected internetbased sample recruited via Facebook for a web-based survey mitigated several practical challenges related to disaster research, but also raised questions about the generalizability of the results.

Based on the findings, the importance of an integrated physical, psychological, and social health response to natural disasters is emphazized. Also, the health care system should prepare to use disaster radio as disaster response. In addition, the results suggest that disaster training for health professionals should include personal preparation and coping strategies. Internet-based methods in disaster research need to be further evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2017. 91 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 69
Keyword
natural disaster, disaster response, disaster health, recovery, resilience
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52653 (URN)978-91-7529-180-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-31, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, Hörsal 2, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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