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Firm-level effects of offshoring of materials and services on relative labor demand
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5479-5310
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5830-9831
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
2016 (English)In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 152, no 2, p. 321-350Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on firm-level data over the period 1997-2002 for the Swedish manufacturing sector the objective of this paper is to analyze relative labor demand effects due to offshoring, separating between materials and services offshoring and also geographical location of trade partner. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that offshoring of materials or services lead to out-location of high-skilled activity in Swedish firms. Rather, this paper finds evidence that the aggregate effects from offshoring lead to increasing relative demand of high-skilled labor, mainly due to services offshoring to middle income countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 152, no 2, p. 321-350
Keywords [en]
offshoring, firm-level data, relative employment, translog cost function
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47589DOI: 10.1007/s10290-015-0243-8ISI: 000378901200004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84954329126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47589DiVA, id: diva2:895462
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2007-0228:1
Note

An earlier version of this article is published in

Savsin, S. (2014). The skill composition in the light of sourcing:offshoring and inshoring.  (Licentiate dissertation). Örebro: Örebro University

Available from: 2016-01-19 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on Offshoring, Labor Demand and Hypothetical Bias in Choice Experiments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on Offshoring, Labor Demand and Hypothetical Bias in Choice Experiments
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation consists of four papers on offshoring, labor demand and hypothetical bias in travel-time stated choice experiments. They are summarized as follows. Essay 1: Firm-level Effects of Offshoring of Materials and Services on Relative Labor Demand analyzes the effect of relocation of production process abroad (offshoring), on relative labor demand for the Swedish manufacturing sector over the period 1997-2002. This essay gives no support to the expected negative effect of out-location of high-skilled activity in Swedish firms and even shows an increase in relative demand of high-skilled labor due to service offshoring. Essay 2: Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data adds to the existing literature of offshoring by simultaneously analyzing the effect of offshoring and inshoring measured as firm-level imports and exports, respectively, of intermediate goods (materials) or services on firm-level relative labor demand for high-skilled labor. The causality that we find between relative labor demand and service offshoring, cannot be established neither from goods nor services inshoring. Essay 3: Is ‘Referencing’ a Remedy to Hypothetical Bias in Value of Time Elicitation? Evidence from Economic Experiments demonstrates negative hypothetical bias, i.e. higher value of time is revealed by real choice when it is compared with the value estimated from a hypothetical choice survey. Referencing, that involves interviewing the respondents about the attributes of a reference trip that has been made and then constructing the stated choice experiment presenting variations of that trip, is tested as a suggested remedy. The results indicate that any negative hypothetical bias that would exist without referencing treatment would have been further magnified by the referencing design. Essay 4: Joint Usage of Referencing and Certainty in Travel Time Stated Choice Experiments explores the heterogeneous association of referencing with respect to self-reported choice-certainty with responses in stated choice experiments. The findings in the essay show that while uncertain respondents are more likely to accept the offer of a travel-time prolongation for monetary compensation with referencing, certain respondents tend to be less likely to accept the offer under referencing conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2018. p. 33
Series
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 40
Keywords
Offshoring, Inshoring, Firm-level Data, Relative Labor Demand, Stated Choice Experiments, Hypothetical Bias, Referencing, Certainty Calibration, Value of Time
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66590 (URN)978-91-7529-248-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-08, Örebro universitet, Hörsalen, Musikhögskolan, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, LindaKarpaty, PatrikSavsin, Selen

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