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Characterisation of carbon fibre-reinforced polyamide manufactured by selective laser sintering
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9362-8328
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1408-2249
2016 (English)In: Additive Manufacturing, ISSN 2214-8604, Vol. 9, 7-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Polymers and reinforced plastics are employed in various load-bearing applications, from household objects to aerospace products. These materials are light, strong, and relatively cheap but can be difficult to form into complex geometries. However, the development of additive manufacturing processes has made it easier to manufacture reinforced plastics in complex shapes. The aim of this work was to study the internal features and mechanical properties of carbon fibre-reinforced polyamide (CF/PA12) fabricated with the additive manufacturing technique of selective laser sintering. The test specimens were studied using computed tomography to analyse the internal geometry, and the material proved to be highly porous. Moreover, the test specimens revealed an internal layered structure, which was found to have a great effect on the tensile properties of the material. The results highlight that there is room for further optimisation of the manufacturing parameters for CF/PA12, because the layered structure makes it challenging to design end user parts with acceptable mechanical properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 9, 7-13 p.
Keyword [en]
Computed tomography, carbon fibre–reinforced polymer, selective laser sintering, additive manufacturing
National Category
Materials Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47800DOI: 10.1016/j.addma.2015.12.003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84952789063OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47800DiVA: diva2:898040
Available from: 2016-01-27 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Only a Shadow: Industrial computed tomography investigation, and method development, concerning complex material systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Only a Shadow: Industrial computed tomography investigation, and method development, concerning complex material systems
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The complexity of components fabricated in today's industry is ever increasing. This increase is partly due to market pressure but it is also a result from progress in fabrication technologies that opens up new possibilities. The increased use of additive manufacturing and multi-material systems, especially, has driven the complexity of parts to new heights. The new complex material systems brings benefits in many areas such as; mechanical properties, weight optimisation, and sustainability. However, the increased complexity also makes material integrity investigations and dimensional control more difficult. In additive manufacturing, for example, internal features can be fabricated which cannot be seen or measured with conventional tools. There is thus a need for non-destructive inspection methods that can measure these geometries. Such a method is X-ray computed tomography. Computed tomography utilizes the X-rays ability to penetrate material to create 3D digital volumes of components. Measurements and material investigations can be performed in these volumes without any damage to the investigated component. However, computed tomography in material science is still not a fully mature method and there are many uncertainties associated with the investigation technique. In the work presented in this thesis geometries fabricated by various additive manufacturing processes have been investigated using computed tomography. Also in this work, a dual-energy computed tomography tool has been developed with the aim to increase the measurement consistency of computed tomography when investigating complex geometries and material combinations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2016. 61 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Technology, ISSN 1650-8580 ; 73
Keyword
Computed tomography, Dual-energy, Material investigation, Additive manufacturing, Measurement consistency
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54880 (URN)978-91-87789-10-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2017-01-19, HSM, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
MultiMatCT
Available from: 2017-02-03 Created: 2017-01-20 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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