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Psychopathic traits as predictors of future criminality, intimate partner aggression, and substance use in young adult men
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. (CAPS)
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CAPS)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center,Pittsburgh PA, USA.
2015 (English)In: Law and human behavior, ISSN 0147-7307, E-ISSN 1573-661X, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 547-558Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined the prospective relation between Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) scores and various negative outcomes in a community sample of young men. Official criminal records and self-reported outcomes, including criminality, physical and relational aggression against intimate partners, and excessive substance use, were obtained on average 5.4 years (records) and 3.5 years (self-reports) after the YPI assessment. Results showed that psychopathic traits measured with the YPI (approximately at age 25) did not significantly contribute to the prediction of future official criminal charges and self-reported crime, physical aggression against intimate partners, and excessive alcohol and marijuana use, after controlling for several covariates. However, results also showed that men with higher scores on the YPI were more likely to commit future acts of relational aggression against their partner, even after controlling for prior relational aggression. This novel finding needs replication, though, and—for now—does not jeopardize the overall conclusion that psychopathic traits as measured with the YPI hardly predict over and above prior criminality and aggression. Altogether, the findings of the present study and their consistency with past research suggest that one should rethink the role of psychopathy measures for risk assessment purposes, at least when these measures do not index prior criminality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2015. Vol. 39, no 6, p. 547-558
Keywords [en]
antisocial, men, prediction, prospective, psychopathy
National Category
Law and Society Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Criminology; Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47894DOI: 10.1037/lhb0000148ISI: 000369406600002PubMedID: 26301710OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47894DiVA, id: diva2:899617
Note

Funding Agencies:

National Institute on Drug Abuse DA034608-01  DA411018

National Institute of Mental Health MH48890  MH50778

Pew Charitable Trusts, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention 96-MU-FX-0012

Pennsylvania Department of Health SAP 4100043365

Available from: 2016-02-02 Created: 2016-02-02 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Colins, OlivierAndershed, Henrik

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