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How to measure polyarchy with Freedom House: A proposal for revision
Department of Political Science, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo, Finland.
2013 (English)In: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 47, no 6, 3457-3471 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In studies on democracy and democratization, the Freedom House Index (FHI) isfrequently used to measure the concept of polyarchy. This approach creates an often noticeddiscrepancy between the conceptual and measurement levels. The concept of polyarchy isregarded as a minimalist definition of democracy, which mainly refers to the proceduralaspects of political systems, while FHI indicates a maximalist definition of democracy. Thisarticle presents a proposal to improve the conceptual validity when FHI is used to measurethe concept of polyarchy. The proposal suggests that the FHI is adjusted in two aspects. First,some sub-categories within the FHI are excluded based on their lack of relevance for theconcept of polyarchy. Second, the principle of aggregation is changed from simple arithme-tic addition to multiplication, which corresponds to the idea that all democratic institutions,according to the concept of polyarchy, are necessary for the democratic system. These twosuggestions create a revisited index that is based on the FHI. As illustrated with empiricalanalyses, the revisited index provides a quite different view of democratization at the globaland state levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2013. Vol. 47, no 6, 3457-3471 p.
Keyword [en]
Polyarchy; Freedom House; Comparative methods; Index of democracy; Index of democratization; Robert Dahl
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48054DOI: 10.1007/s11135-012-9732-1ISI: 000323671200031Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84883283526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-48054DiVA: diva2:901114
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2016-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf