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Sources of PCDD/PCDF and impact on the environment
Chair of Ecological Chemistry and Geochemistry, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1496-9245
1996 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 32, no 1, 55-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

PCDD/PCDF can be formed in a variety of industrial and thermal processes. Especially the combustion sources contribute to the ambient air levels. In addition to the well-investigated emissions from municipal waste incinerators dioxins were measured in the flue gases of other thermal emitters. It was found that some recycling plants can emit high concentrations of PCDD/PCDF. Ambient air concentrations monitored over several years have shown a clear seasonal trend with higher PCDD/PCDF levels in winter and lower concentrations during summer. Thus, results from short-term measurements cannot be used to calculate annual means for ambient air concentations or deposition rates. Dioxins, once concentrated in sewage sludge and compost can re-enter the environment when these ''reservoirs'' are applied onto agricultural and horticultural soils.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 1996. Vol. 32, no 1, 55-64 p.
Keyword [en]
polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD); polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF); emissions; compost; ambient air concentrations; seasonal trends
National Category
Chemical Sciences Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry; Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47651DOI: 10.1016/0045-6535(95)00228-6ISI: A1996TN60800006PubMedID: 8564435Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0029668634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47651DiVA: diva2:901257
Conference
14th International Symposium on Chlorinated Dioxins, PCB and Related Compounds, Kyoto, Japan, November 21-25, 1994
Available from: 2016-02-07 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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