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Levels of selected organic compounds in materials for candle production and human exposure to candle emissions
Chair of Ecological Chemistry and Geochemistry, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany .
Chair of Ecological Chemistry and Geochemistry, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1496-9245
Chair of Ecological Chemistry and Geochemistry, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany .
Ökometric GmbH, Bayreuth, Germany .
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1997 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 34, no 5-7, 1623-1630 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), dibenzofurans (PCDF) selected chlorinated pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and some volatile organic compounds (VOC) were analysed in the exhaust fumes of candles made from different waxes and finishing materials. To guarantee defined burning conditions a chamber was developed for the sampling of the exhaust fumes, Using a simple exposure model, the inhalative uptake of PCDD/PCDF by an adult person was calculated for different scenarios. It was shown that additional uptake of PCDD/PCDF caused by candle emissions does not contribute significantly to the total daily intake of these compounds. Emissions of PCDD/PCDF, benzo(a)pyrene and the VOC were then compared to limit value for working places. Even when many candles would be burnt at the same time in a small room, concentrations of the compounds investigated stay below 1 % of the tolerable limit values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 1997. Vol. 34, no 5-7, 1623-1630 p.
Keyword [en]
PCDD/PCDF; PAH; VOC; candle emissions; exposure assessment; inhalation
National Category
Chemical Sciences Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry; Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47648DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(97)00458-XISI: A1997WR67700063PubMedID: 9134692Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0030977784OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47648DiVA: diva2:901261
Conference
15th International Symposium on Chlorinated Dioxins, PCB and Related Compounds, Edmonton, Canada, August 21-25, 1995
Available from: 2016-02-07 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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