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Open burning of household waste: Effect of experimental condition on combustion quality and emission of PCDD, PCDF and PCB
National Center for Environmental Research and Training, National Institute of Ecology, Coyoacán, Mexico.
National Center for Environmental Research and Training, National Institute of Ecology, Coyoacán, Mexico.
Gamatek SA de CV, Monterrey Nuevo León, Mexico.
Office of Research and Development (E343-04), US Environmental Protection Agency, Durham NC, United States.
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2012 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 87, no 9, p. 1003-1008Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

Open burning for waste disposal is, in many countries, the dominant source of polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins, dibenzofurans and biphenyls (PCDD/PCDF/PCB) release to the environment. To generate emission factors for open burning, experimental pile burns of about 100 kg of household waste were conducted with emissions sampling. From these experiments and others conducted by the same authors it is found that less compaction of waste or active mixing during the fire - "stirring" - promotes better combustion (as evidenced by lower CO/CO2 ratio) and reduces emissions of PCDD/PCDF/PCB; an intuitive but previously undemonstrated result. These experiments also support previous results suggesting PCDD/PCDF/PCB generation in open burning - while still highly variable - tends to be greater in the later (smoldering) phases of burning when the CO/CO2 ratio increases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 87, no 9, p. 1003-1008
Keywords [en]
Open burning; Municipal solid waste; PCDD; PCDF; PCB; Stockholm Convention
National Category
Chemical Sciences Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry; Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47617DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.11.038ISI: 000303292700003PubMedID: 22189377Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84859160947OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47617DiVA, id: diva2:901279
Note

Funding Agencies:

United Nations Environment Programme, Chemicals Branch

US EPA

Chlorine Chemistry Division, American Chemistry Council

Available from: 2016-02-07 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2018-05-14Bibliographically approved

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Fiedler, HeideloreCarroll, William F., Jr.

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