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Body fat measurement in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes: a comparison of skinfold equations against dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1440-9961
Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway; Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK.
School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, no 10, 1211-1215 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Skinfold measurement is an inexpensive and widely used technique for assessing the percentage of body fat (%BF). This study assessed the accuracy of prediction equations for %BF based on skinfold measurements compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in girls with type 1 diabetes and healthy age-matched controls.

Methods: We included 49 healthy girls and 44 girls with diabetes aged 12 to 19 years old, comparing the predicted %BF based on skinfold measurements and the %BF values obtained by a Lunar DPX-L scanner. The agreement between the methods was assessed by using an Bland-Altman plot.

Results: The skinfold measurements were significantly higher in girls with diabetes (p=0.003) despite a non-significant difference in total %BF (p=0.1). A significant association between bias and %BF was found for all tested equations in the Bland-Altman plots. Regression analysis showed that the association between skinfold measurements and %BF measured by DXA differed significantly (p=0.039) between the girls with diabetes and the healthy controls.

Conclusion: The accuracy of skinfold thickness equations for assessment of %BF in adolescent girls with diabetes is poor in comparison with DXA measurements as criteron. Our findings highlight the need for the development of new prediction equations for girls with type 1 diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. Vol. 105, no 10, 1211-1215 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, body composition, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold measurements, type 1 diabetes
National Category
Pediatrics
Research subject
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48969DOI: 10.1111/apa.13366ISI: 000383619400030PubMedID: 26873351Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84963533900OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-48969DiVA: diva2:909208
Note

Funding Agencies:

Research Committee of Örebro County Council

Swedish Child Diabetes Foundation (Barndiabetes fonden)

MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK MC_UU_12015/3

Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2016-10-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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