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Sources and environmental behaviors of Dechlorane Plus and related compounds: A review
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Institute of Environment and Health, Jianghan University, Wuhan, China.
Department of Geography and Environment, Baoji University of Arts and Sciences, Baoji, China.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5729-1908
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2016 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 88, 206-220 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although Dechlorane Plus (DP) has been used as a polychlorinated flame retardant for almost half a century, its detection in the environment was not reported until 2006. The subsequent intensive research has confirmed its global ubiquity. A few reviews have presented the properties, analytical methods and environmental occurrence of DP and related compounds in the past several years. The present review emphasizes on the environmental behavior of DP isomers which is assessed by the variation of the isomer ratio of DP in various matrices. Other aspects including the analytical methods, emission sources, general environmental occurrence and bioaccumulation of DP are also summarized.

In this review, three typical emission sources in the environment are categorized after introducing the measurement method of DP. The temporal-spatial distribution is then evaluated at the global scale, which provides an integrated representation of the environmental occurrence of DP and potential impact on the human health and ecosystems. The variations of DP isomer ratio in various matrices reinforce its source related distribution and their stereoselective bioaccumulation. Thereafter, DP related compounds and dechlorinated analogs are briefly summarized in regards to their occurrence in various matrices, suggesting their ubiquity in the environment and bioavailability. Further studies are required to better assess the exposures and toxicological effects of DP and its analogs. A special concern is the serious contamination in e-waste recycling areas in developing countries, where long-term monitoring data on the association of DP exposure and adverse effects to human health and ecosystems is urgently needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 88, 206-220 p.
Keyword [en]
Dechlorane plus, analytical methods, emission sources, environmental behaviors, related compounds
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49213DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2015.12.026ISI: 000371359300027PubMedID: 26760718Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84952920801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-49213DiVA: diva2:910928
Note

Funding Agencies:

National Natural Science Foundation of China 21477156  21277165  21307148  21321004

Chinese Academy of Sciences XDB14010100  YSW2013801

Available from: 2016-03-10 Created: 2016-03-10 Last updated: 2016-03-29Bibliographically approved

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