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Putative digenic inheritance of heterozygous RP1L1 and C2orf71 null mutations in syndromic retinal dystrophy
Center for Human Disease Modeling, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham NC, USA.
Bartiméus, Institute for the Visually Impaired, Zeist, The Netherlands; Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Wilhelm Johannsen Centre for Functional Genome Research, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, ICMM, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Audiology, Bispebjerg Hospital and Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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2017 (English)In: Ophthalmic Genetics, ISSN 1381-6810, E-ISSN 1744-5094, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 127-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the most common cause of inherited retinal degeneration and can occur in non-syndromic and syndromic forms. Syndromic RP is accompanied by other symptoms such as intellectual disability, hearing loss, or congenital abnormalities. Both forms are known to exhibit complex genetic interactions that can modulate the penetrance and expressivity of the phenotype.

Materials and methods: In an individual with atypical RP, hearing loss, ataxia and cerebellar atrophy, whole exome sequencing was performed. The candidate pathogenic variants were tested by developing an in vivo zebrafish model and assaying for retinal and cerebellar integrity.

Results: Exome sequencing revealed a complex heterozygous protein-truncating mutation in RP1L1, p.[(Lys111Glnfs*27; Gln2373*)], and a heterozygous nonsense mutation in C2orf71, p.(Ser512*). Mutations in both genes have previously been implicated in autosomal recessive non-syndromic RP, raising the possibility of a digenic model in this family. Functional testing in a zebrafish model for two key phenotypes of the affected person showed that the combinatorial suppression of rp1l1 and c2orf71l induced discrete pathology in terms of reduction of eye size with concomitant loss of rhodopsin in the photoreceptors, and disorganization of the cerebellum.

Conclusions: We propose that the combination of heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in these genes drives syndromic retinal dystrophy, likely through the genetic interaction of at least two loci. Haploinsufficiency at each of these loci is insufficient to induce overt pathology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia, USA: Taylor & Francis, 2017. Vol. 38, no 2, p. 127-132
Keywords [en]
Cerebellum, ciliopathy, digenic inheritance, hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa zebrafish
National Category
Medical Genetics Ophthalmology
Research subject
Genetics; Health and Medical Care Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49603DOI: 10.3109/13816810.2016.1151898ISI: 000399550400005PubMedID: 27029556Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84962086185OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-49603DiVA, id: diva2:916330
Note

Funding agencies:

National Institutes of Health  DK072301, DK075972, HD042601

Vereniging Bartimeus-Sonneheerdt  5781251

Stichting ODAS 

Available from: 2016-04-01 Created: 2016-04-01 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved

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Möller, Claes

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