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PCBs and OCPs on a East-to-West Transect: The Importance of Major Currents and Net Volatilization for PCBs in the Atlantic Ocean
Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Rhode Island, United States; Geowissenschaften, Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8796-3229
Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX), Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8818-5307
Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX), Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. (MTM)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1733-8334
Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Rhode Island, United States.
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2012 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 46, no 19, 10471-10479 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

Air-water exchange gradients of selected polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners across a large section of the tropical Atlantic suggested net volatilization of PCBs to the atmosphere. Only for the higher chlorinated PCB 153 and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were gradients near equilibrium detected. The use of passive samplers also enabled the detection of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its transformation products across the tropical Atlantic, indicating net deposition. There were clear differences between the southern and northern hemisphere apparent in terms of atmospheric concentrations: Once the ship moved from the southern into the northern hemisphere air, concentrations of HCB and other organochlorine pesticides increased several-fold. For large swaths of the tropical Atlantic Ocean, neither PCB nor organochlorine pesticide dissolved concentrations varied much longitudinally, probably due to efficient mixing by ocean currents. In selected samples, dissolved concentrations reflected the influence of river plumes and major ocean currents far away from the continents. Dissolved concentrations of PCBs 28, 52, 101, 118, and HCB increased in the Amazon plume and the Gulf Stream. While the Amazon plume flushed only a few kg of PCBs and HCB, the Gulf Stream is potentially delivering tons of PCBs into the North Atlantic annually.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2012. Vol. 46, no 19, 10471-10479 p.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49785DOI: 10.1021/es203459eISI: 000309431200012PubMedID: 22303957Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84861919685OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-49785DiVA: diva2:918890
Note

Funding Agencies:

RI Endeavor Program (RIEP)

CETOCOEN project of the European Structural Funds CZ.1.05/2.1.00/01.0001

Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic MSM 0021622412

Alexander-von-Humboldt fellowship

Available from: 2016-04-12 Created: 2016-04-12 Last updated: 2016-04-14Bibliographically approved

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