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Association between background exposure to organochlorine pesticides and the risk of cognitive impairment: A prospective study that accounts for weight change
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; BK21 Plus KNU Biomedical Convergence Program, Department of Biomedical Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis MN, United States.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. (MTM Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5752-4196
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2016 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 89-90, p. 179-184Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Background exposure to organochlorine (OC) pesticides was recently linked to cognitive impairment and dementia in cross-sectional and case-control studies. This prospective study was performed to evaluate if OC pesticides at baseline are associated with the future risk of cognitive impairment in elderly, with particular focus on weight change.

Methods: Plasma concentrations of 3 OC pesticides (p,p'-DDE, trans-nonachlor, and hexachlorobenzene) were measured among 989 men and women aged 70years in the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS). Cognitive impairment was validated by reviewing medical records. During the ten year follow-up, cognitive impairment was developed in 75 subjects. When weight change from age 70 to 75 was considered in analyses, elderly with incident cases before age 75 were excluded to keep the prospective perspective, leaving 795 study subjects and 44 incident cases.

Results: The summary measure of 3 OC pesticides predicted the development of cognitive impairment after adjusting for covariates, including weight change. Compared to subjects with OC pesticides <25th percentile, adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) in those with 25th-<75th and ≥75th percentiles were 3.5 (95% confidence interval: 1.5-8.5) and 3.2 (1.1-7.6), respectively (Ptrend=0.04). Among 506 subjects who maintained or gained body weight, adjusted HRs were 6.9 and 11.6 (1.4-92.6) among the elderly in the 25th-<75th and ≥75th percentiles compared to <25th percentile (Ptrend<0.01).

Conclusions: This prospective study demonstrates that background exposure to OC pesticides are linked to the risk of developing cognitive impairment in elderly. The role of the chronic exposure to low dose OC pesticides in the development of dementia should be further evaluated in other populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 89-90, p. 179-184
Keywords [en]
Cognition, dementia, organochlorine pesticides, Persistent organic pollutants, weight loss
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49641DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2016.02.001ISI: 000374603900020PubMedID: 26878283Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84957797715OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-49641DiVA, id: diva2:919043
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-2407Swedish Research Council Formas, 2007-2047
Note

Funding Agency:

Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea HI13C0715

Available from: 2016-04-12 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Salihovic, Samiravan Bavel, Bert

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