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A cross-linked hyaluronic acid hydrogel (Healaflow(®)) as a novel vitreous substitute
Department of Ophthalmology, Lund University Hospital, BMC, Lund, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Ophthalmology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Ophthalmology, Lund University Hospital, BMC, Lund, Sweden.
Department of Ophthalmology, Lund University Hospital, BMC, Lund, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Graefe's Archives for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, ISSN 0721-832X, E-ISSN 1435-702X, Vol. 254, no 4, 697-703 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Vitrectomy requires the substitution of the natural vitreous, as well as tamponading of retinal breaks. Clinically available alternatives such as gas and silicone oil have side effects such as inflammation, secondary glaucoma, cataract, and a need for head posturing. In this study, a hydrogel of cross-linked sodium hyaluronic acid (Healaflow(®)) is evaluated for use as a novel vitreous substitute.

Methods: A combined 25-20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with posterior vitreous detachment was performed in the right eye of twelve pigmented rabbits, with subsequent injection of approximately 1 ml Healaflow(®). Clinical evaluation, measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP), and full-field ERG were performed postoperatively. The rabbits were sacrificed at different time-points between 42 and 105 days. After enucleation, the eyes were examined macroscopically, photographed, and prepared for histological examination with routine microscopy and immunohistochemistry.

Results: Healaflow(®) was successfully used with standard surgical procedures and remained translucent but did lose most of its viscosity during the postoperative period. One rabbit was lost due to unrelated causes. In two eyes iatrogenic partial retinal detachments were seen, and in two eyes significant cataract developed due to intra-operative complications. ERG-recordings revealed no toxic effect on rod or cone function. Routine microscopy and immunohistochemistry demonstrated normal morphology with some Müller cell activation (up-regulation of glial acidic fibrillary protein, GFAP) compared to unoperated eyes and no significant DNA-fragmentation (TUNEL-assay).

Conclusions: Healaflow® did not affect retinal morphology or function negatively during long-term use as a vitreous substitute, making it highly interesting in this setting. An estimated retention time of a few weeks suggests potential for use as a short-term tamponade. Future work will include an increased ratio of cross-linking to prolong the structural integrity of the gel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 254, no 4, 697-703 p.
Keyword [en]
Vitreous substitute, vitreoretinal surgery, hyaluronic acid, immunohistochemistry
National Category
Ophthalmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49649DOI: 10.1007/s00417-015-3256-zISI: 000372608100012PubMedID: 26743755Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84961215909OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-49649DiVA: diva2:919188
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Funding Agencies:

Faculty of Medicine, University of Lund

Foundation of Debilitating Eye Diseases in former Malmohus County

Konung Gustaf V:s och Drottning Victorias Frimurarestiftelse

Wallenberg foundation

Available from: 2016-04-13 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2016-04-20Bibliographically approved

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