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Skin-to-skin contact is associated with earlier breastfeeding attainment in preterm infants
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, no 7, p. 783-789Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: This study investigated the effects of skin-to-skin contact on breastfeeding attainment, duration and infant growth in preterm infants, as this has not been sufficiently explored.

Methods: A prospective longitudinal study on Kangaroo mother care was carried out, comprising 104 infants with a gestational age of 28+0 to 33+6 and followed up to one year of corrected age. Parents and staff recorded the duration of skin-to skin contact during the stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Medical data were collected through patient records and follow-up questionnaires were filled in by parents.

Results: The 53 infants who attained full breastfeeding in the NICU did so at a median (range) of 35+0 (32+1 to 37+5) weeks of postmenstrual age and skin-to-skin contact was the only factor that influenced earlier attainment in the regression analysis (R(2) 0.215 p<0.001). The daily duration of skin-to-skin contact during the stay in the NICU did not affect the duration of breastfeeding or infant growth after discharge. Furthermore, infant growth was not affected by the feeding strategy of exclusive, partial breastfeeding or no breastfeeding.

Conclusion: A longer daily duration of skin-to-skin contact in the NICU was associated with earlier attainment of exclusive breastfeeding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2016. Vol. 105, no 7, p. 783-789
Keywords [en]
Breastfeeding duration, family centred care, human milk, infant growth, Kangaroo moter care
National Category
Pediatrics
Research subject
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-49945DOI: 10.1111/apa.13431ISI: 000378565100018PubMedID: 27100380Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84969916270OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-49945DiVA, id: diva2:923335
Note

Funding Agencies:

Regional Research Council in the Uppsala-Örebro region

Uppsala County Council

Uppsala University

Available from: 2016-04-26 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2018-04-27Bibliographically approved

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Gradin, Maria

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