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Experiences of dental care and dental anxiety in adults with autism spectrum disorder
Division of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
Division of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet and Northern Stockholm Psychiatry, St. Göran Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3587-6075
2014 (English)In: Autism Research and Treatment, ISSN 2090-1925, E-ISSN 2090-1933, Vol. 2014, 238764Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dental anxiety is associated with previous distressing dental experiences, such as lack of understanding of the dentist intentions, perceptions of uncontrollability and experiences of pain during dental treatment. People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are impaired in building flexible predictions and expectations, which is very much needed during a dental visit. The aims of the study were to investigate if people with ASD have more negative dental experiences and a higher level of dental anxiety compared to a matched control group. Forty-seven adults with ASD and of normal intellectual performance, and 69 age- and sex-matched typically developing controls completed questionnaires on previous dental experiences and dental anxiety, the Dental Anxiety Scale, and the Dental Beliefs Survey. The ASD group experienced pain during dental treatments more often than the controls and 22% had repeatedly experienced being forced to dental treatment they were not prepared for, compared to 3% of the controls. A higher level of dental anxiety was reported by the ASD group. Dental treatment and methods for supporting the communication with patients with ASD need to be developed, in order to reduce the negative dental experiences and dental anxiety in people with ASD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2014. Vol. 2014, 238764
National Category
Other Medical Sciences Psychiatry Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50127DOI: 10.1155/2014/238764PubMedID: 25530879OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-50127DiVA: diva2:925920
Available from: 2016-05-03 Created: 2016-05-03 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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