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Poor performance in physical education: a risk factor for bully victimization. A case-control study
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3587-6075
Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6726-7787
2011 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 100, no 3, 413-419 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Poor social skills are a risk factor for becoming bullied, which could explain why this frequently occurs to children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Poor social skills tend to coexist with clumsiness. According to a pilot study, poor performance in physical education (PE) was correlated with bully victimization.

Methods: Sixty-nine healthy university students reported performance in PE and bully victimization in childhood. In addition, the participants responded to questionnaires for ADHD and ASDs to assess personality traits related to increased risk for bully victimization.

Results: Below average performance in PE was a risk factor of being bullied in school with an odds ratio of 3.6 [95% confidence interval: 1.23-10.5; p = 0.017]. Strong correlations between poor performance in PE and long duration of victimization (p = 0.007) and poor performance in PE and high frequency of victimization (p = 0.008) were found. Autistic traits were related to performance below average in PE.

Conclusion: Poor motor skills are a strong risk factor for becoming bullied. Prevention programmes that identify, protect and empower the clumsy children could be an important step to avoid bullying of the most vulnerable children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malden, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Vol. 100, no 3, 413-419 p.
Keyword [en]
Attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity, autistic disorder, bullying, motor skills, peer victimization
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50155DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.02016.xISI: 000286837700021PubMedID: 21039827Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79551589894OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-50155DiVA: diva2:925930
Available from: 2016-05-03 Created: 2016-05-03 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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