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Low prevalence of smoking in patients with autism spectrum disorders
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, St. Göran’s Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3587-6075
Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
2003 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 119, no 1-2, p. 177-182Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Psychiatric patients are significantly more often smokers than the general population, the only known exception being obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and catatonic schizophrenia. We have investigated nicotine use in subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Ninety-five subjects (25 females and 70 males) consecutively diagnosed with any ASD and of normal intelligence were included in the study. Only 12.6% were smokers, compared with 19% in the general population and 47% in a control group of 161 outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or a schizophreniform disorder. The results suggest that smoking is rare among subjects with ASD, while the opposite was shown for schizophrenia. If replicated, this finding could suggest biological differences between non-catatonic schizophrenia and ASD, and support the theory of a biological link between ASD and a subtype of OCD, and between ASD and catatonic schizophrenia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Claire, Ireland: Elsevier, 2003. Vol. 119, no 1-2, p. 177-182
Keywords [en]
Obsessive–compulsive disorder, obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, autistic disorder, smoking, nicotine, catatonia, schizophrenia
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50180DOI: 10.1016/S0165-1781(03)00123-9ISI: 000184329300019PubMedID: 12860373Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0038303560OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-50180DiVA, id: diva2:925960
Available from: 2016-05-03 Created: 2016-05-03 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Bejerot, Susanne

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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