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Linking design process activities to the business decisions of the firm: an example from the aerospace industry
Division of Computer Aided Design, Luleå University of Technology, University Campus, Luleå, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2014-1308
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Product Development, ISSN 1477-9056, E-ISSN 1741-8178, Vol. 12, no 2, 141-157 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

The research concerns identification of parameters important for the studied organisation's success in service concept design and delivery. Knowledge was gathered through interviews and participation in daily industrial work activities. The gathered knowledge was used for developing a MATLAB-based simulation model, of which the purpose is to improve the studied company's ability to develop hardware-based services at an early concept stage, and to simulate, beforehand, the predicted performance of a given service scenario. This approach minimises the cost of each concept and allows simulation of several different concepts before the actual work is done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bucks, United Kingdom: InderScience Publishers, 2010. Vol. 12, no 2, 141-157 p.
Keyword [en]
Aerospace industry, business decisions, design parameter identification, design process, predicting work activities, process modelling and simulation, service concept design
National Category
Engineering and Technology Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50843DOI: 10.1504/IJPD.2010.034993Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77956253510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-50843DiVA: diva2:936920
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A modelling and simulation approach for linking design activities to business decisions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A modelling and simulation approach for linking design activities to business decisions
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The business environment of the manufacturing industry is changing from a hardware-based product focus to a process and function focus. A current industrial interest is the development and sale of functions. This function could be realised as a product based on hardware, software and services, and may be sold as a function rather than as hardware. This function view is referred to as Functional Products (FP). The new focus for the customer is on value rather than hardware. This presents new challenges for how engineering hardware design may best be carried out. Sale of functional products requires a changed business model in which the price of the functional product is related to the functionality of the product itself; hence the name functional product. The supplier can in such a scenario no longer sell maintenance and spare parts. Instead, these activities become a cost, thus motivating the supplier to increase process efficiency, decrease internal production cost by using less energy per produced unit andincrease knowledge about use-cases. The researcher's challenge is how to create new knowledge regarding functional product development for academic as well as for industrial benefit. The research question was formulated as: How may methods or tools for design process modelling and simulation be developed to support functional product development? Four case studies were carried out in Swedish industry. Case study 1 was carried out in cooperation with Hägglunds Drives AB. Case study 2 was carried out in cooperation with companies Hägglunds Drives AB, Volvo Aero and Volvo Car Corporation. Case study 3 was carried out in cooperation Volvo Aero and Case study 4 was carried out in cooperation with nine industrial companies during the formation of the Faste Laboratory, Centre for Functional Product Innovation. Results include the need for integrating product development process and company strategy for functional product development and the identification of the need for new methods and tools to enable better understanding of technology and business processes. The research shows the possibility of evaluating cost and time of development before doing the actual product development work by modelling and simulating the design process. Thus, the knowledge that previously was implicit in the work process is made explicit and possible to manipulate for a desired outcome. Linking the future business cases to work processes by modelling and simulation enables knowledge re-use and work-process predictions concerning cost and time. Hence, modelling and simulation of work processes results in better knowledge of company development capacity earlier than before, thus allowing shorter reaction time to changes in the business domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2007. 199 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544 ; 2007:18
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50833 (URN)
Public defence
2007-06-19, Luleå, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved

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