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A modelling and simulation approach for linking design activities to business decisions
Luleå University of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2014-1308
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

The business environment of the manufacturing industry is changing from a hardware-based product focus to a process and function focus. A current industrial interest is the development and sale of functions. This function could be realised as a product based on hardware, software and services, and may be sold as a function rather than as hardware. This function view is referred to as Functional Products (FP). The new focus for the customer is on value rather than hardware. This presents new challenges for how engineering hardware design may best be carried out. Sale of functional products requires a changed business model in which the price of the functional product is related to the functionality of the product itself; hence the name functional product. The supplier can in such a scenario no longer sell maintenance and spare parts. Instead, these activities become a cost, thus motivating the supplier to increase process efficiency, decrease internal production cost by using less energy per produced unit andincrease knowledge about use-cases. The researcher's challenge is how to create new knowledge regarding functional product development for academic as well as for industrial benefit. The research question was formulated as: How may methods or tools for design process modelling and simulation be developed to support functional product development? Four case studies were carried out in Swedish industry. Case study 1 was carried out in cooperation with Hägglunds Drives AB. Case study 2 was carried out in cooperation with companies Hägglunds Drives AB, Volvo Aero and Volvo Car Corporation. Case study 3 was carried out in cooperation Volvo Aero and Case study 4 was carried out in cooperation with nine industrial companies during the formation of the Faste Laboratory, Centre for Functional Product Innovation. Results include the need for integrating product development process and company strategy for functional product development and the identification of the need for new methods and tools to enable better understanding of technology and business processes. The research shows the possibility of evaluating cost and time of development before doing the actual product development work by modelling and simulating the design process. Thus, the knowledge that previously was implicit in the work process is made explicit and possible to manipulate for a desired outcome. Linking the future business cases to work processes by modelling and simulation enables knowledge re-use and work-process predictions concerning cost and time. Hence, modelling and simulation of work processes results in better knowledge of company development capacity earlier than before, thus allowing shorter reaction time to changes in the business domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology , 2007. , 199 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1544 ; 2007:18
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50833OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-50833DiVA: diva2:936951
Public defence
2007-06-19, Luleå, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The use of product development process as a means of implementing company strategy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The use of product development process as a means of implementing company strategy
2003 (English)In: 10th International Product Development Management Conference / [ed] Hustad, T. P. & Karlsson, C., EASIM, European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management , 2003Conference paper, (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EASIM, European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management, 2003
National Category
Engineering and Technology Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50845 (URN)
Conference
10th International Product Development Management Conference, Brussels, Belgium, June 10-11, 2003 EASIM, European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
2. Information driven collaborative engineering: enabling functional product innovation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information driven collaborative engineering: enabling functional product innovation
Show others...
2005 (English)In: Challenges in Collaborative Engineering - CCE '05: the knowledge perspective in collaborative engineering : proceedings of the International Workshop 14th-15th April 2005, Sopron, Hungary in conjunction with DDECS '05 / [ed] Gianni Jacucci, Adam Pawlak, Kurt Sandkuhl, Jönköping, Sweden: Department of Computer & Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering, Jönköping University , 2005Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses Information Driven Collaborative Engineering (IDCE) as an enabler of Functional Product Innovation (FPI). It discusses challenges that arise in functional product development and how distributed collaborative work will be affected. Finally the paper proposes bringing the domains of Distributed Collaborative Engineering (DCE) and Knowledge Enabled Engineering (KEE) together to form IDCE, in order to meet these challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping, Sweden: Department of Computer & Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, 2005
National Category
Engineering and Technology Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50820 (URN)91-975604-1-3 (ISBN)
Conference
CCE '05 ; the knowledge perspective in collabotative engineering, Sopron, Hungary, 14t-15th April, 2005
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
3. Towards true collaboration in global design teams?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards true collaboration in global design teams?
2005 (English)In: Proceedings ICED 05, the 15th International Conference on Engineering Design / [ed] Andrew Samuel, William Lewis, Barton: Institution of Engineers, Australia , 2005Conference paper, (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today’s collaboration tools can support formal meetings to a certain extent, though there is still an immense potential for improvement when it comes to designing virtual and physical places where global design teams can collaborate in more ‘natural’ ways than existing distributed environments allow. One challenge for global product development is to support true collaboration within global design teams, where diversity and competences of the whole team can be utilized and where team members can think together rather then merely exchange information, opinions and divide work. This paper summarizes the results of several case studies and development projects performed within the Polhem Laboratory over the last four years and proposes challenges for future research. From our findings some of the most important challenges are how to support users with communication tools for more natural formal and informal communication (i.e. as a co-located team communicates), while automatically storing information and context from the distributed meetings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Barton: Institution of Engineers, Australia, 2005
Keyword
computer supported cooperative work, computer aided design, distributed product development, distributed engineering
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50852 (URN)2-s2.0-84862636324 (Scopus ID)0-85825-788-2 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 05), Melbourne, Australia, August 15-28, 2005
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
4. Demands on engineering design culture for implementing functional products
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demands on engineering design culture for implementing functional products
2005 (English)In: Proceedings ICED 05, the 15th International Conference on Engineering Design, Melbourne, Australia, 15.-18.08.2005 / [ed] Samuel, A. & Lewis, W., Glasgow, United Kingdom: The Design Society, 2005, Vol. 35, 172-173 p.Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Industrial product development focused companies, such as car manufacturers, have traditionally developed and sold hardware products. In professional business-to-business relations, the integration of hardware and software with services has been identified as a shift in focus in the seller-buyer relationship from hardware development to function development and the way a sustainable economic performance could be achieved. Therefore, the common perception today of where the product is mainly hardware only, needs to be expanded to include a definition where it does not even have to have any hardware at all. Expanding the product definition therefore places additional demands on the design and development of hardware, software and services that may all be part of the functional product. Further, this article discusses how customer requirements need to be handled when developing a total offer in the form of a functional product. Finally, the traits needed in the engineer who is to develop it while being part of amulti-cultural team are discussed, possibly a geographically distributed team.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow, United Kingdom: The Design Society, 2005
Series
DS, 35
Keyword
Design model, engineering design culture, functional products, manufacturing industry, profit model
National Category
Engineering and Technology Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50836 (URN)2-s2.0-84862608059 (Scopus ID)0-85825-788-2 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Conference on Engineering Design - ICED 05, Melbourne, Australia, 15 - 28 August, 2005
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
5. Functional product development challenges collaborative working environment practices
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functional product development challenges collaborative working environment practices
2007 (English)In: International Journal of e-collaboration, ISSN 1548-3673, E-ISSN 1548-3681, Vol. 3, no 4, 63-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, an activity-based modeling and simulation approach to functional product development (FPD) is suggested as part of a simulation-driven CWE approach to meet the new demands that are placed on tools and methods used in industrial product development due to companies' transformation from hardware providers to function providers. The rationale for a simulation approach is discussed as well as the usefulness when applied on a process of work. An iterative data gathering and analysis process based on interviews and field notes is presented challenges for distributed working environment practices posed by the introduction of functional product development have been identified. They include four different and interrelated issues pertaining to approach, methods and tools, tolerances for errors and the ability to distribute new tools with extensive demands on usability and interoperability

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hersey, USA: IGI Global, 2007
National Category
Engineering and Technology Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50840 (URN)10.4018/jec.2007100104 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
6. Linking design process activities to the business decisions of the firm: an example from the aerospace industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking design process activities to the business decisions of the firm: an example from the aerospace industry
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Product Development, ISSN 1477-9056, E-ISSN 1741-8178, Vol. 12, no 2, 141-157 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The research concerns identification of parameters important for the studied organisation's success in service concept design and delivery. Knowledge was gathered through interviews and participation in daily industrial work activities. The gathered knowledge was used for developing a MATLAB-based simulation model, of which the purpose is to improve the studied company's ability to develop hardware-based services at an early concept stage, and to simulate, beforehand, the predicted performance of a given service scenario. This approach minimises the cost of each concept and allows simulation of several different concepts before the actual work is done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bucks, United Kingdom: InderScience Publishers, 2010
Keyword
Aerospace industry, business decisions, design parameter identification, design process, predicting work activities, process modelling and simulation, service concept design
National Category
Engineering and Technology Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50843 (URN)10.1504/IJPD.2010.034993 (DOI)2-s2.0-77956253510 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved
7. A process modelling and simulation approach for business decision support in pre-conceptual product design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A process modelling and simulation approach for business decision support in pre-conceptual product design
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Product Development, ISSN 1477-9056, E-ISSN 1741-8178, Vol. 12, no 2, 158-175 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses creation of a support tool (SIMULINK model) for collaborative work process modelling and optimisation based on Simulation Driven Design (SDD). The purpose is to improve the studied company's ability to develop hardware-based services in an early concept stage, and to predict performance of a given service scenario before development. The approach is useful as a decision-support tool in evaluating and prioritising business offers and activities in the business offer process. The modelling and simulation approach minimises the cost of each concept and allows simulation of a number of different concepts before the actual work is carried out

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bucks, United Kingdom: InderScience Publishers, 2010
Keyword
Cost, delivery time, design support, functional product development, pre-conceptual product design, process modelling and simulation, SDD, simulation driven design
National Category
Engineering and Technology Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50834 (URN)10.1504/IJPD.2010.034994 (DOI)2-s2.0-77956247403 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Output format
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