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Arbuscular mycorrhiza improves yield and nutritional properties of onion (Allium cepa)
Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland; Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland.
Department of Comparative Biochemistry and Bioanalytics, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.
Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, Sweden. (Biogeosfärsdynamik, MTM Research centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1958-956X
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2016 (English)In: Plant physiology and biochemistry (Paris), ISSN 0981-9428, E-ISSN 1873-2690, Vol. 107, 264-272 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Improving the nutritional value of commonly cultivated crops is one of the most pending problems for modern agriculture. In natural environments plants associate with a multitude of fungal microorganisms that improve plant fitness. The best described group are arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). These fungi have been previously shown to improve the quality and yield of several common crops. In this study we tested the potential utilization of Rhizophagus irregularis in accelerating growth and increasing the content of important dietary phytochemicals in onion (Allium cepa). Our results clearly indicate that biomass production, the abundance of vitamin B1 and its analogs and organic acid concentration can be improved by inoculating the plant with AM fungi. We have shown that improved growth is accompanied with up-regulated electron transport in PSII and antioxidant enzyme activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris, France: Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 107, 264-272 p.
Keyword [en]
Allium cepa, Thiamine, Rhizophagus irregularis, Biofortification, Organic acids, PSII efficiency
National Category
Botany Genetics and Breeding
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50862DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.06.006ISI: 000382341600027PubMedID: 27318800Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84974622177OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-50862DiVA: diva2:937428
Note

Funding Agencies:

Ministry of Science and Higher Education 197/N-COST/2008/0

Marshal Office of the Malopolska Region

Jagiellonian University in Krakow funds DS/WBiNoZ/INOS/758

Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-15 Last updated: 2016-10-03Bibliographically approved

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