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Youth's Initiations of Civic and Political Discussions in Class: Do Youth's Perceptions of Teachers' Behaviors Matter and Why?
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4568-2722
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7546-2275
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7009-5955
2016 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 45, no 11, 2233-2245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Teachers are thought to play an important role in fostering youth civic engagement; however, the current literature is limited with regard to providing concrete suggestions as to what teachers can do to promote youth civic engagement and why teachers have an impact on youth. To address these limitations, we simultaneously tested three alternative explanations to identify the critical way(s) in which perceived teachers' behaviors might contribute to youth civic engagement in school. We also investigated the underlying processes that may explain why youth's perceptions of teachers' behaviors matter, by focusing on the mediating roles of young people's feelings about politics and their political efficacy beliefs. The sample included 7th (n = 876, M age  = 13.42, SD = .71; 51 % girls) and 10th grade students (n = 857, M age  = 16.62, SD = .71; 51 % girls) residing in Sweden. Among the different aspects of perceived teacher behaviors, only an engaged and inspiring teaching style fostered youth's initiations of civic and political discussions in class over time among both early and late adolescents. Moreover, youth's feelings about politics significantly mediated the effect of perceived teachers' behaviors on youth civic engagement in class. Contrary to our expectation, youth's political efficacy did not act as a mediator. The present study sheds light on what teachers can do to promote youth civic and political engagement in a school setting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Springer, 2016. Vol. 45, no 11, 2233-2245 p.
Keyword [en]
Civic engagement, civic discussion, Sweden, teaching approach, student–teacher relationship
National Category
Pedagogical Work Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51073DOI: 10.1007/s10964-016-0525-zISI: 000385190800003PubMedID: 27339367Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84976292775OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-51073DiVA: diva2:944195
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2016-06-28 Last updated: 2016-12-29Bibliographically approved

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Bayram Özdemir, SevgiStattin, HåkanÖzdemir, Metin
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School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden
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Citation style
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