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The role of cumulative risk and protection for violent offending
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3981-0353
Department of Sociology and Criminology & Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA; Institute for Child and Health Policy, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA .
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
2016 (English)In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 45, 78-84 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Risk and protective factors for antisocial behavior have been shown to act in a cumulative manner. The purpose of this article is to examine the predictive power of risk factors and protective indices predicting violent offending.

Methods: We used longitudinal data across 25 years to predict violent offenses for 475 males. Cumulative childhood risk factors (age 10), and-cumulative individual, family, peer and school protective factors (ages 13, 15) were analyzed.

Results: The likelihood for a conviction for violent offenses showed a fivefold increase with an increase in risk factors from 0 to 3. This increase was markedly reduced when controlling for protective factors. Similarly, controlling for risk factors, the likelihood for a conviction was almost ameliorated, showing a tenfold decrease, with an increase in protective factors from 0 to 10. Interactions between cumulative risk and protective factors were also found. Total number of protective factors significantly decreased the likelihood of violent offenses for those with and without childhood behavioral risk factors, however the decrease was significantly greater for those with no childhood risk factors.

Conclusions: Analyses of antisocial behavior should not be restricted to risk factors, but include protective factors, if the purpose is to better tailor interventions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 45, 78-84 p.
Keyword [en]
Childhood risk, Protective factors, Violent offending, Resilience
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51385DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.006ISI: 000377842400011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-51385DiVA: diva2:950055
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Funding Agencies:

Swedish National Board of Education

Swedish Committee for the Planning and Coordination of Research

Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation

Swedish Social Research Council

Örebro City Council

Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life, and Welfare 

Available from: 2016-07-27 Created: 2016-07-19 Last updated: 2016-07-27Bibliographically approved

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Andershed, Anna-KarinAndershed, Henrik
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Citation style
  • apa
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