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Social Capital and Fear of Crime in Adolescence: A Multilevel Study
Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Youth & Society)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5214-9921
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2016 (English)In: American Journal of Community Psychology, ISSN 0091-0562, E-ISSN 1573-2770, Vol. 58, no 1-2, p. 100-110Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the relationships between social capital (at the individual, the neighborhood, and the regional levels) and adolescents' fear of crime, while controlling for the main individual (sociodemographics, television viewing, and bullying victimization), neighborhood (neighborhood size and aggregated victimization), and regional (crime rate and level of urbanization) variables. Data were analyzed using a three-level model based on 22,639 15.7-year-old (SD = 0.67) students nested within 1081 neighborhoods and 19 Italian regions. The findings revealed that individual and contextual measures of social capital, modeled at the individual, neighborhood, and regional levels simultaneously, showed negative associations with adolescents' fear of crime. Males and participants with higher family affluence were less likely to feel fear of crime, whereas victimization, both at the individual and neighborhood levels, had a positive association with fear of crime. Strengths, limitations, and potential applications of the study are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. Vol. 58, no 1-2, p. 100-110
Keywords [en]
Fear of crime; Social capital; Multilevel models; Adolescence
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Work
Research subject
Psychology; Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51526DOI: 10.1002/ajcp.12071ISI: 000389838800010PubMedID: 27435954Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84988345430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-51526DiVA, id: diva2:951040
Note

Funding Agency:

Italian Ministry of Health capitolo 4393/2005-CCM

Available from: 2016-08-05 Created: 2016-08-02 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Russo, Silvia

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