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Severe to profound hearing impairment: Factors associated with the use of hearing aids and cochlear implants and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County Örebro, Sweden; Audiological Research Center, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden. (Handikappvetenskap)
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. (Handikappvetenskap)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9184-6989
Audiological Research Center, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Hearing, Balance and Communication, ISSN 2169-5717Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To determine whether various demographic variables are associated with hearing aid (HA) and cochlear implant (CI) use and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation among patients with severe to profound hearing loss (HL) and to compare the use of unilateral and bilateral HAs.

Materials and Methods: Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to analyze general HA use, binaural HA use, CI use and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation. A total of 2297 adult patients from The Swedish Quality Register of Otorhinolaryngology with a PTA4 (0.5, 1, 2, 4 kHz) ≥70 dB HL in the better ear were included.

Results: The degree of HL was associated with HA and CI use and participation in extended audiological rehabilitation. The patients with at least a college degree were more likely to use bilateral HAs, have a CI and participate in audiological rehabilitation compared to those with elementary school education. The sex distribution was evenly divided, but the men indicated a lower level of participation in extended audiological rehabilitation. No significant associations where found for sex and HA or CI use.

Conclusions: The degree of HL was the strongest factor associated with the use of HAs, CI and extended audiological rehabilitation among the patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxfordshire, United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2016.
Keyword [en]
Audiological rehabilitation, sick leave, the problem impact rating scale
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Therapy Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52125DOI: 10.1080/21695717.2016.1242250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-52125DiVA: diva2:968430
Available from: 2016-09-12 Created: 2016-09-12 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved

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