Ergosterol Levels and Mould Colony Forming Units in Swedish Grains of Food and Feed Grade
1992 (English)In: Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica - Section B, ISSN 0906-4710, E-ISSN 1651-1913, Vol. 42, no 4, 240-245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Although ergosterol is considered to be a suitable indicator of mould growth in cereal grains, there are few reference values available for Scandinavian conditions. We have determined the ergosterol levels in Swedish grain of different origins: cleaned food-grade wheat from a commercial mill, feed-grade cereals (oats and barley) with different odours and cereals (winter wheat, ''American wheat'', triticale and rye) from various field trials conducted in south-central Sweden in 1990. Specific objectives were to elucidate the relationships between ergosterol levels and numbers of mould colony forming units (CFU) and between ergosterol and grain odour.
Ergosterol levels in the food-grade wheat ranged between 2.4 and 2.8 mug/g DW, and between 3.0 and 5.6 mug/g DW in the field trial cereals, while values in most of the feed grain samples ranged from 8-15 mug/g DW The levels agree with other published data for European grains.
A positive correlation was found between numbers of colony-forming units and ergosterol concentration. The degree of correlation was higher when numbers of CFU were determined on dichloran-glycerol 18% agar with a low water activity (aw = 0.95) than on malt extract agar (aw = 0.99). There was no agreement between ergosterol levels and grain odour, since even samples described as having a fresh smell had high ergosterol levels. However, the highest level (33 mug/g DW) was found in a sample with a pronounced musty odour, and the lowest (1.1 gg/g DW) in a sample that smelled as if it had been heat damaged.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo, Norway: Scandinavian University Press , 1992. Vol. 42, no 4, 240-245 p.
oats, rye, wheat, barley, grain odour, mycological quality
Agricultural Science Soil Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52225DOI: 10.1080/09064719209410219ISI: A1992KE24400008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0001674636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-52225DiVA: diva2:971235