Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Electronic nose for microbial quality classification of grains
Swedish Farmers Supply and Marketing Association, Stockholm, Sweden.
Laboratory of Applied Physics, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Laboratory of Applied Physics, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
1997 (English)In: International Journal of Food Microbiology, ISSN 0168-1605, E-ISSN 1879-3460, Vol. 35, no 2, 187-193 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The odour of grains is in many countries the primary criterion of fitness for consumption. However, smelling of grain for quality grading should be avoided since inhalation of mould spores or toxins may be hazardous to the health and determinations of the off-odours are subjective. An electronic nose, i.e. a gas sensor array combined with a pattern recognition routine might serve as an alternative. We have used an electronic nose consisting of a sensor array with different types of sensors. The signal pattern from the sensors is collected by a computer and further processed by an artificial neural network (ANN) providing the pattern recognition system. Samples of oats, rye and barley with different odours and wheat with different levels of ergosterol, fungal and bacterial colony forming units (cfu) were heated in a chamber and the gas in the chamber was led over the sensory array. The ANN could predict the odour classes of good, mouldy, weakly and strongly musty oats with a high degree of accuracy. The ANN also indicated the percentage of mouldy barley or rye grains in mixtures with fresh grains. In wheat a high degree of correlation between ANN predictions and measured ergosterol as well as with fungal and bacterial cfu was observed. The electronic nose can be developed to provide a simple and fast method for quality classification of grain and is likely to find applications also in other areas of food mycology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 1997. Vol. 35, no 2, 187-193 p.
Keyword [en]
off-odours, electronic nose, artificial neural network
National Category
Food Science Microbiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52290DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1605(96)01218-4ISI: A1997WR97000012PubMedID: 9105927ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0030932258OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-52290DiVA: diva2:971511
3rd International Workshop on Methods in Food Mycology, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 25-30, 1994
Available from: 2016-09-16 Created: 2016-09-16 Last updated: 2016-09-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Schnürer, Johan
In the same journal
International Journal of Food Microbiology
Food ScienceMicrobiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 38 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link