Ochratoxin A accumulation in cultures of Penicillium verrucosum with the antagonistic yeast Pichia anomala and Saccharomyces cerevisiae
1998 (English)In: Mycological Research, ISSN 0953-7562, E-ISSN 1469-8102, Vol. 102, no 8, 1003-1008 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Growth and ochratoxin A accumulation by two isolates of Penicillium verrucosum, IBT5010 and IBT12803, were examined in co-cultures with the antagonistic yeast Pichia anomala or baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Each yeast was co-cultured with Penicillium verrucosum in malt extract agar supplemented with 1% yeast extract and incubated at 25 degrees C for 14 d. Ochratoxin A was found to be stable at 25 degrees, whether or not yeast was present. Pichia anomala and Saccharomyces cerevisiae reduced mould growth to about the same extent in vitro. Both yeasts significantly reduced the growth of Penicillium verrucosum isolates at 3 x 10(3) yeast c.f.u./plate. In all co-cultures in vitro accumulated ochratoxin A was reduced to below the detection limit (100 ng/plate) by yeast amounts as low as 3 x 10(2) c.f.u./plate. In wheat, the growth of Penicillium verrucosum IBT5010, measured as c.f.u., was not reduced in the presence of Pichia anomala, whereas the growth of Penicillium verrucosum IBT12803 was clearly inhibited by this yeast. A similar pattern was observed for ochratoxin A accumulation in wheat when the two mould strains were co-cultured with Pichia anomala. Mycotoxin production was more sensitive to the presence of yeasts than was mould growth. Go-cultivation with yeasts gave no detectable stimulation of ochratoxin A accumulation in agar or wheat.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Vol. 102, no 8, 1003-1008 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52287DOI: 10.1017/S0953756297006047ISI: 000075779300016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-3542992636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-52287DiVA: diva2:971532