Growth of Penicillium roqueforti, P-carneum, and P-paneum during malfunctioning airtight storage of high-moisture grain cultivars
1999 (English)In: Postharvest biology and technology, ISSN 0925-5214, E-ISSN 1873-2356, Vol. 17, no 1, 47-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Penicillium roqueforti is an important spoilage fungus in high-moisture grain stored under airtight conditions where a malfunctioning storage system allows air leakage. It has recently been proposed that P. roqueforti be divided into three different species: P. roqueforti, P. carneum, and P. paneum (Boysen, M., Skouboe, P., Frisvad, J., Rossen, L., 1996. Reclassification of the Penicillium roqueforti group into three species on the basis of molecular genetic and biochemical profiles. Microbiology 142, 541-549). Differences in susceptibility to infection with the three mold species among winter wheat, spring wheat, rye, and barley during airtight storage of high-moisture grain were evaluated using a variety of grain cultivars. To simulate air leakage into such a storage system, grain (0.96 water activity) was inoculated, packed in glass tubes with a restricted air supply and incubated at 25 degrees C for 14 days. Molds and yeasts were quantified as colony forming units (CFU) on selective media. Generally, there was no difference in infection ability between P. roqueforti, P. carneum and P. paneum. All of them reached about 10(6) CFU/g in barley and winter wheat. However, rye appeared to be resistant to infection. A comparison of different barley and spring wheat cultivars revealed that P. roqueforti, P. carneum and P. paneum grew less vigorously on the malt cultivars Maud and Mentor and the spring wheat cv. Dragon than on other cultivars. In addition, batch-related differences in resistance to mold growth were found for spring wheat cv. Dragon.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 1999. Vol. 17, no 1, 47-54 p.
antifungal, barley, mold, rye, resistance, wheat
Food Science Agricultural Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52313DOI: 10.1016/S0925-5214(99)00031-9ISI: 000083189500006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0344199387OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-52313DiVA: diva2:971709