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Metabolite profiles of the biocontrol yeast Pichia anomala J121 grown under oxygen limitation
Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Chemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Chemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2004 (English)In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, E-ISSN 1432-0614, Vol. 64, no 3, 403-409 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The biocontrol yeast Pichia anomala J121 prevents mould growth during the storage of moist grain under low oxygen/high carbon dioxide conditions. Growth and metabolite formation of P. anomala was analyzed under two conditions of oxygen limitation: (a) initial aerobic conditions with restricted oxygen access during the growth period and (b) initial microaerobic conditions followed by anaerobiosis. Major intra- and extracellular metabolites were analyzed by high-resolution magic-angle spinning (HR-MAS) NMR and HPLC, respectively. HR-MAS NMR allows the analysis of major soluble compounds inside intact cells, without the need for an extraction step. Biomass production was higher in treatment (a), whereas the specific ethanol production rate during growth on glucose was similar in both treatments. This implies that oxygen availability affected the respiration and not the fermentation of the yeast. Following glucose depletion, ethanol was oxidized to acetate in treatment (a), but continued to be produced in (b). Arabitol accumulated in the culture substrate of both treatments, whereas glycerol only accumulated in treatment (b). Trehalose, arabitol, and glycerol accumulated inside the cells in both treatments. The levels of these metabolites were generally significantly higher in treatment (b) than in (a), indicating their importance for P. anomala during severe oxygen limitation/anaerobic conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2004. Vol. 64, no 3, 403-409 p.
National Category
Microbiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52397DOI: 10.1007/s00253-003-1464-7ISI: 000220862300015PubMedID: 14600792Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-2442426202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-52397DiVA: diva2:972115
Available from: 2016-09-20 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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