oru.sePublikationer
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Qigong: acute affective responses in a group of regular exercisers
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. (RISPA)
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Qigong is a Chinese mind-body therapy that aims to, through the use of movements, relaxed breathing and relaxation/meditation, create a healthy flow of life force, qi, in the body, and consequently improve health. A growing number of Qigong studies report beneficial effects on health and well-being. However, little attention has fo-cused on the acute affective responses that accompany single sessions of Qigong ex-ercise. The aim of the present thesis was therefore to study affective reactions to Qigong exercise. In Study I, the effects of Qigong exercise on mood and anxiety were compared to a control group. Results showed partial support for the superiority of Qigong exercise compared to controls. In Study II, different lengths of session time were compared, resulting in similar affective benefits for the 30 and 60-minute ses-sions. In Study III, affective responses were also assessed during the session, using mean scores and individual responses. Results showed an increase toward greater Activated and Deactivated Pleasantness during the session, with the greatest changes at the end of the bout. The majority of individuals reported increased Pleasantness during the Qigong session. Expectations of positive outcomes were significantly as-sociated with only few affective responses. Responses to open-ended questions of af-fective experiences displayed affective reactions mostly toward greater Deactivated Pleasantness. This thesis contributes to a greater understanding of the limited area of Qigong-related affective responses. For the exercisers, Qigong is associated with a greater momentary emotional state. However, due to the highly select group of regu-lar Qigong exercisers, generalizing the results outside the sample population is lim-ited. Theories on active mechanisms in the Qigong-affect relationship, and results from studies of affective responses to similar activities, suggest that other groups of people would also benefit affectively from Qigong exercise. Given the many benefits of positive affect, Qigong exercise may also pose great promises for the enhancement of other areas related to health and well-being. This calls for additional studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2009. , 129 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1654-7535 ; 4
Keyword [en]
qigong, affective responses, mind-body therapy, low-intensive physical activity, affect regulation
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6664ISBN: 978-91-7668-665-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6664DiVA: diva2:216317
Public defence
2009-05-29, HSG, Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin, 701 82 Örebro, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-06-17 Created: 2009-05-07 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Acute effects of qigong exercise on mood and anxiety
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acute effects of qigong exercise on mood and anxiety
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Stress Management, ISSN 1072-5245, E-ISSN 1573-3424, Vol. 15, no 2, 199-207 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Psychosocial stress may lead to increased rates of anxiety and depression. Aerobic exercise and mind-body therapies are frequently described as having positive effects on psychological well-being by enhancing mood and reducing anxiety. Few studies, however, have investigated the acute psychological effects of qigong exercise. Fifty-nine regular qigong exercisers (mean age 50.8 years) were randomized to a Qigong or Control group. Pre- and postmeasurements were then compared. POMS-Depression, Anger, and Fatigue, and STAI-State Anxiety scores decreased significantly in the Qigong group but not in the Control group. Results thereby suggest that qigong exercise can produce desirable psychological effects, and Qigong exercise may therefore be included among other activities performed to boost resistance to daily stressors.

Keyword
qigong, qi-training, anxiety, mood, emotion
National Category
Social Work Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6660 (URN)10.1037/1072-5245.15.2.199 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-05-07 Created: 2009-05-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. Acute psychological responses to qigong exercise of varying durations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acute psychological responses to qigong exercise of varying durations
2008 (English)In: THE American journal of Chinese medicine, ISSN 0192-415X, Vol. 36, no 3, 449-458 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Qigong exercise has been shown to induce acute psychological changes of a positive nature; but whether longer durations have greater effects than shorter ones is not known. Forty-one regular qigong practitioners therefore engaged in either 30 or 60 min of qigong exercise within a randomized cross-over design. Measures of mood, anxiety, activation, and hedonic tone were obtained pre- and post-exercise. Results showed benefits of the same magnitude in the two conditions: more positive mood states, reduced state anxiety, and enhanced perceived pleasure. Thirty minutes of qigong exercise thereby seems to be sufficient to provide psychological benefits, and with no additional benefits detected after 60 min. This finding is important for those having little time or motivation to engage in activities of longer durations. In addition, health professionals prescribing exercise for health benefits can prescribe shorter exercise sessions with confidence knowing that positive psychological effects can also occur after a shorter exercise bout.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company, 2008
Keyword
Exercise; Mood; Anxiolytic; Qigong; Qi-Training; Mind–Body Therapy
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6662 (URN)10.1142/S0192415X08005898 (DOI)18543380 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-05-07 Created: 2009-05-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
3. Affective responses to qigong exercise: a pilot study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Affective responses to qigong exercise: a pilot study
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Physical exercise is frequently associated with positive affective responses – at least more intense exercise; the impact of low-intensity exercise is less researched. The exercise-affect relationship was therefore studied in a group performing low-intensity Qigong exercise through pre-, during, and post-assessments using a modified version of the short Swedish Core Affect Scale complemented with open-ended questions. The results show a shift during exercise toward increased pleasant activated and deactivated affect in the group of 46 women who regularly practice Qigong. Inter-individual responses display positive affective responses, which also increase as the bout proceeds for the majority of exercisers. The results suggest that low-intensity Qigong exercise also produces positive psychological effects of a magnitude similar to what is commonly associated with more intense forms of exercise. These findings have practical implications for the enhancement of positive affect and subjective well-being, not least in groups unable to perform more intense forms of exercise. 2

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6663 (URN)
Available from: 2009-05-07 Created: 2009-05-07 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

cover(1659 kB)188 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 1659 kBChecksum SHA-512
91c799e2560e31408a900acf5c858eb527a674a7c6535addda305b3fee0be4e6223f681c3871d4a0529fef04ac3200e5855aa5ba6df04cce38ccd0f593322af6
Type coverMimetype application/pdf
kappa(1075 kB)2412 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1075 kBChecksum SHA-512
e5f3441f1b7d48054af43ab9719fd3d7fc55c87945666c9f181bb47640b8aa8aec95aa43977ee0fd69dd00f8d6034e23b7c302b1a678d51f132ff752ad7e9e15
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Johansson, Mattias

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Johansson, Mattias
By organisation
School of Health and Medical Sciences
Social Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 2412 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 2745 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf