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  • 1.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Faiz, Ali
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Reasons for the failure of government IT projects in Pakistan: A Contemporary Study2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Faiz, Ali
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Usefulness of Digital and Traditional Library in Higher Education2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Abbay, Kissery
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Gender Vis-à-vis Swedish Municipal Web sites2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Abdul Khaliq, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Pecora, Federico
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Saffiotti, Alessandro
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Point-to-point safe navigation of a mobile robot using stigmergy and RFID technology2016In: 2016 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, p. 1497-1504, article id 7759243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reliable autonomous navigation is still a challenging problem for robots with simple and inexpensive hardware. A key difficulty is the need to maintain an internal map of the environment and an accurate estimate of the robot’s position in this map. Recently, a stigmergic approach has been proposed in which a navigation map is stored into the environment, on a grid of RFID tags, and robots use it to optimally reach predefined goal points without the need for internal maps. While effective,this approach is limited to a predefined set of goal points. In this paper, we extend this approach to enable robots to travel to any point on the RFID floor, even if it was not previously identified as a goal location, as well as to keep a safe distance from any given critical location. Our approach produces safe, repeatable and quasi-optimal trajectories without the use of internal maps, self localization, or path planning. We report experiments run in a real apartment equipped with an RFID floor, in which a service robot either reaches or avoids a user who wears slippers equipped with an RFID tag reader.

  • 5.
    Abdulhomeed, Bashar
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Contemporary Research on e-democracy: A Literature Review2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Ackfjärd, Rickard
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Karlsson, Mattias
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Förslag till ett nytt ramverk för utvärdering och utveckling av ARP-poisoning-skydd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Chandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Håkansson, Alexandra
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    En studie av sambandet mellan kvarstående bias och kostnad vid selektiv granskning i undersökningen Kortperiodisk Sysselsättningsstatistik: Analys av parameterval i verktyget Selekt2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det har pågått ett intensivt utvecklingsarbete på Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB) under de senaste åren i syfte att standardisera och effektivisera statistikproduktionsprocessen. I detta utvecklingsarbete har fokus främst riktats mot processerna insamling och granskning. Ett flertal studier har visat att det finns potential att reducera granskningens omfattning samtidigt som den övergripande kvaliteten i undersökningarna bibehålls. För att uppnå detta krävs att nya arbetssätt, metoder och verktyg utvecklas och implementeras.

    Den traditionella ansatsen på SCB har varit att i granskningsprocessen försöka hitta och rätta alla databearbetnings- och mätfel. Ingen skillnad har gjorts mellan stora och små fel eller om felen har någon effekt på statistiken eller inte. Detta är en ineffektiv ansats där stora resurser åtgår till att rätta fel som inte påverkar den statistiska redovisningen nämnvärt. I mer moderna ansatser betonas vikten av att hitta betydelsefulla fel som har stor påverkan på parameterskattningarna och att fel som inte ger någon påverkan bör lämnas som de är eller åtgärdas via imputering. Detta, att inte granska allt, kallas för selektiv granskning.

    SCB har beslutat att införa metoden selektiv granskning med poängfunktioner. Metoden fordrar att poängberäkningar görs, dessa utförs i verktyget Selekt. Verktyget ingår i den framtida verktygslådan för granskning som är under utveckling vid SCB och är uppbyggt av ett stort antal parametrar. För att uppnå så effektiv granskning som möjligt måste de mest lämpliga parametervärdena sökas för att sedan implementeras i Selekt.

    I denna studie har ett datamaterial från undersökningen Kortperiodisk Sysselsättningsstatistik, privat sektor (KSP) använts för att studera sambanden mellan statistikens kvalitet och valet av parametrar i Selekt.  Valet av datamaterial motiveras främst av att Selekt ska implementeras i KSP under år 2010. De parametrar som har behandlats i studien kallas för KAPPA, TAU och LAMBDA samt variablerna RPB_20 och Kostnad.

    Logistisk regression har använts för att undersöka vilken påverkan parametrarna har på den bias (kallad RPB) som införs i skattningarna vid selektiv granskning. En ansats valdes där sambandet mellan responsvariabeln RPB_20 och förklaringsvariablerna KAPPA, TAU och Kostnad studerades separat för olika värden på LAMBDA.

    Vid resultatframställningen indikerades tidigt att valet av värde på LAMBDA inte verkade ha någon nämnvärd betydelse för modellen och i de fortsatta analyserna stärktes denna misstanke och kom att omfatta även KAPPA och TAU. Det var redan från början känt att Kostnad är en viktig variabel att ta hänsyn till och för att undersöka detta närmare konstruerades en modell bestående av ett fjärdegradspolynom med enbart variabeln Kostnad. Modellen lyckades fånga upp huvuddragen av variationen i RPB_20.

    Det går inte att dra generella slutsatser från den studie som här har genomförts. Resultaten visar dock att en modell utan KAPPA, TAU och LAMBDA fungerar för att beskriva variationen i RPB_20.  Valet av värden på KAPPA, TAU och LAMBDA i Selekt är av mindre betydelse. I implementeringsarbetet av Selekt i KSP rekommenderas därför att, förutom RPB, fokusera på variabeln Kostnad för att hitta den mest lämpliga kombinationen av parameterinställningar.

  • 8.
    AGALOMBA, CHRISTINE AFANDI
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Factors contributing to failure of egovernment projects in developing countries: a literature review2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Agalomba, Christine Afandi
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Bakibinga, Stella
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    A Review of Telecentre Literature: Sustainability, Impact and Best practices2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Dougherty, Mark
    School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Department of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Westin, Jerker
    School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Verification of a Method for Measuring Parkinson’s Disease Related Temporal Irregularity in Spiral Drawings2017In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 17, no 10, article id 2341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive movement disorder caused by the death of dopamine-producing cells in the midbrain. There is a need for frequent symptom assessment, since the treatment needs to be individualized as the disease progresses. The aim of this paper was to verify and further investigate the clinimetric properties of an entropy-based method for measuring PD-related upper limb temporal irregularities during spiral drawing tasks. More specifically, properties of a temporal irregularity score (TIS) for patients at different stages of PD, and medication time points were investigated. Nineteen PD patients and 22 healthy controls performed repeated spiral drawing tasks on a smartphone. Patients performed the tests before a single levodopa dose and at specific time intervals after the dose was given. Three movement disorder specialists rated videos of the patients based on the unified PD rating scale (UPDRS) and the Dyskinesia scale. Differences in mean TIS between the groups of patients and healthy subjects were assessed. Test-retest reliability of the TIS was measured. The ability of TIS to detect changes from baseline (before medication) to later time points was investigated. Correlations between TIS and clinical rating scores were assessed. The mean TIS was significantly different between healthy subjects and patients in advanced groups (p-value = 0.02). Test-retest reliability of TIS was good with Intra-class Correlation Coefficient of 0.81. When assessing changes in relation to treatment, TIS contained some information to capture changes from Off to On and wearing off effects. However, the correlations between TIS and clinical scores (UPDRS and Dyskinesia) were weak. TIS was able to differentiate spiral drawings drawn by patients in an advanced stage from those drawn by healthy subjects, and TIS had good test-retest reliability. TIS was somewhat responsive to single-dose levodopa treatment. Since TIS is an upper limb high-frequency-based measure, it cannot be detected during clinical assessment.

  • 11.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Westin, Jerker
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Measuring temporal irregularity in spiral drawings of patients with Parkinson’s disease2017In: Abstracts of the 21st International Congress of Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders, John Wiley & Sons, 2017, Vol. 32, p. s252-s252, article id 654Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this work is to evaluate clinimetric properties of a method for measuring Parkinson’s disease (PD) upper limb temporal irregularities during spiral drawing tasks.

    Background: Basal ganglia fluctuations of PD patients are associated with motor symptoms and relating them to objective sensor-based measures may facilitate the assessment of temporal irregularities, which could be difficult to be assessed visually. The present study investigated the upper limb temporal irregularity of patients at different stages of PD and medication time points.

    Methods: Nineteen PD patients and 22 healthy controls performed repeated spiral drawing tasks on a smartphone. Patients performed the tests before a single levodopa dose and at specific time intervals after the dose was given. Three movement disorder specialists rated the videos of patients' performance according to six items of UPDRS-III, dyskinesia (Dys), and Treatment Response Scale (TRS). A temporal irregularity score (TIS) was developed using approximate entropy (ApEn) method. Differences in mean TIS between two groups of patients and healthy subjects, and also across four subject groups: early, intermediate, advanced patients and, healthy subjects were assessed. The relative ability of TIS to detect changes from baseline (no medication) to later time points when patients were on medication was assessed. Correlations between TIS and clinical rating scales were assessed by Pearson correlation coefficients and test-retest reliability of TIS was measured by intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC).

    Results: The mean TIS was significantly different between healthy subjects and patients (P<0.0001). When assessing the changes in relation to treatment, clinical-based scores (TRS and Dys) had better responsiveness than TIS. However, the TIS was able to capture changes from Off to On, and the wearing off effects. Correlations between TIS and clinical scales were low indicating poor validity. Test-retest reliability correlation coefficient of the mean TIS was good (ICC=0.67).

    Conclusions: Our study found that TIS was able to differentiate spiral drawings drawn by patients from those drawn by healthy subjects. In addition, TIS could capture changes throughout the levodopa cycle.TIS was weakly correlated to clinical ratings indicating that TIS measures high frequency upper limb temporal irregularities that could be difficult to be detected during clinical observations.

  • 12.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Senek, Marina
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Filip
    Dept. of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    A smartphone-based system to quantify dexterity in Parkinson's disease patients2017In: Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, ISSN 2352-9148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The aim of this paper is to investigate whether a smartphone-based system can be used to quantify dexterity in Parkinson's disease (PD). More specifically, the aim was to develop data-driven methods to quantify and characterize dexterity in PD.

    Methods

    Nineteen advanced PD patients and 22 healthy controls participated in a clinical trial in Uppsala, Sweden. The subjects were asked to perform tapping and spiral drawing tests using a smartphone. Patients performed the tests before, and at pre-specified time points after they received 150% of their usual levodopa morning dose. Patients were video recorded and their motor symptoms were assessed by three movement disorder specialists using three Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor items from part III, the dyskinesia scoring and the treatment response scale (TRS). The raw tapping and spiral data were processed and analyzed with time series analysis techniques to extract 37 spatiotemporal features. For each of the five scales, separate machine learning models were built and tested by using principal components of the features as predictors and mean ratings of the three specialists as target variables.

    Results

    There were weak to moderate correlations between smartphone-based scores and mean ratings of UPDRS item #23 (0.52; finger tapping), UPDRS #25 (0.47; rapid alternating movements of hands), UPDRS #31 (0.57; body bradykinesia and hypokinesia), sum of the three UPDRS items (0.46), dyskinesia (0.64), and TRS (0.59). When assessing the test-retest reliability of the scores it was found that, in general, the clinical scores had better test-retest reliability than the smartphone-based scores. Only the smartphone-based predicted scores on the TRS and dyskinesia scales had good repeatability with intra-class correlation coefficients of 0.51 and 0.84, respectively. Clinician-based scores had higher effect sizes than smartphone-based scores indicating a better responsiveness in detecting changes in relation to treatment interventions. However, the first principal component of the 37 features was able to capture changes throughout the levodopa cycle and had trends similar to the clinical TRS and dyskinesia scales. Smartphone-based scores differed significantly between patients and healthy controls.

    Conclusions

    Quantifying PD motor symptoms via instrumented, dexterity tests employed in a smartphone is feasible and data from such tests can also be used for measuring treatment-related changes in patients.

  • 13.
    Agrawal, Vikas
    et al.
    IBM Research, , India.
    Archibald, Christopher
    Mississippi State University, Starkville, United States.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Bui, Hung Hai
    Laboratory for Natural Language Understanding, Sunnyvale CA, United States.
    Cook, Diane J.
    Washington State University, Pullman WA, United States.
    Cortés, Juan
    University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
    Geib, Christopher W.
    Drexel University, Philadelphia PA, United States.
    Gogate, Vibhav
    Department of Computer Science, University of Texas, Dallas, United States.
    Guesgen, Hans W.
    Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
    Jannach, Dietmar
    Technical university Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany.
    Johanson, Michael
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
    Kersting, Kristian
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Intelligente Analyse- und Informationssysteme (IAIS), Sankt Augustin, Germany; The University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    Konidaris, George
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge MA, United States.
    Kotthoff, Lars
    INSIGHT Centre for Data Analytics, University College Cork, Ireland.
    Michalowski, Martin
    Adventium Labs, Minneapolis MN, United States.
    Natarajan, Sriraam
    Indiana University, Bloomington IN, United States.
    O’Sullivan, Barry
    INSIGHT Centre for Data Analytics, University College Cork, Ireland.
    Pickett, Marc
    Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC, United States.
    Podobnik, Vedran
    Telecommunication Department of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
    Poole, David
    Department of Computer Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Shastri, Lokendra
    Infosys, , India.
    Shehu, Amarda
    George Mason University, Washington, United States.
    Sukthankar, Gita
    University of Central Florida, Orlando FL, United States.
    The AAAI-13 Conference Workshops2013In: The AI Magazine, ISSN 0738-4602, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 108-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The AAAI-13 Workshop Program, a part of the 27th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, was held Sunday and Monday, July 14-15, 2013, at the Hyatt Regency Bellevue Hotel in Bellevue, Washington, USA. The program included 12 workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence, including Activity Context-Aware System Architectures (WS-13-05); Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Methods in Computational Biology (WS-13-06); Combining Constraint Solving with Mining and Learning (WS-13-07); Computer Poker and Imperfect Information (WS-13-08); Expanding the Boundaries of Health Informatics Using Artificial Intelligence (WS-13-09); Intelligent Robotic Systems (WS-13-10); Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization and Recommendation (WS-13-11); Learning Rich Representations from Low-Level Sensors (WS-13-12); Plan, Activity,, and Intent Recognition (WS-13-13); Space, Time, and Ambient Intelligence (WS-13-14); Trading Agent Design and Analysis (WS-13-15); and Statistical Relational Artificial Intelligence (WS-13-16)

  • 14.
    Agélii Genlott, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Closing the gaps: Improving literacy and mathematics by ict-enhanced collaboration2016In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 99, p. 68-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Literacy and mathematics are necessary skills that for different reasons unfortunately not everybody acquires sufficiently. In OECD countries there is also a gender gap; boys lag behind girls in literacy but often outperform girls in mathematics (OECD, 2012). ICT (Information and communication technologies) may contribute useful tools to address both these problems but in order to effectively create better educational conditions there is yet a need to develop effective methods that combine ICT with key factors for learning. This research contributes to this by measuring effects of the “Write to Learn” (WTL) method. WTL lets children from 1st grade use several ICT tools to write texts and subsequently discuss and refine them together with classmates and teachers using digital real-time formative feedback and assessment. The central learning factor addressed, in mathematics as well as in literacy, is the written communication allowing the learners to interact with peers and teachers. WTL draws on methods from socio-cultural theory, including continuous social interaction and written real-time formative feedback among peers, using shared electronic forums for collaboration, thereby providing social meaning and increased learning of literacy and mathematics, among both boys and girls.

    The study uses quantitative methods and two control groups, one using traditional method (no ICT) and one using technology individually (without integrated social interaction and formative feedback), to compare results from 502 students in grade 3 national tests in mathematics and literacy. WTL yields by far best results; higher average score both in literacy and mathematics, smaller gender gap, and significantly better results for the under-achievers. The ITU method performs worst, which shows that ICT use must be well integrated into the pedagogy to be useful.

  • 15.
    Ahlinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Wiklund, Martin
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    ANVÄNDBARHET OCH HANDLINGSBARHET PÅ ELEKTRONISKA B2B MARKNADSPLATSER: En fallstudie på Visma Proceedo ur leverantörens perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De elektroniska marknadsplatsernas betydelse för affärstransaktioner världen över har ökat dramatiskt de senaste åren. Allt fler företag väljer att ta med sina befintliga kundkontakter eller skapa nya via dessa marknadsplatser. Dock finns det vissa problem med dessa, ofta webbaserade system, de har inte en tillfred- ställande grad av användbarhet respektive handlingsbarhet. Syftet med vår undersökning var att beskriva vilka aspekter av de olika perspek- tiven, användbarhet samt handlingsbarhet, som kan anses vara mer betydande än andra att ta hänsyn till vid utveckling av elektroniska B2B marknadsplatser. Användbarhet är ett perspektiv som behandlar aspekter som att systemet skall vara lätt att använda, lätt att lära, subjektivt tilltalande osv. Handlingsbarhet som perspektiv tar till skillnad från användbarheten en mer kommunikativ utgångs- punkt, där systemets förmåga att fungera som en kommunikativ länk i de verk- samhetshandlingar som utförs sätts i fokus. Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ fallstudie på marknadsplatsoperatören Visma Proceedo’s webbsystem Supplier Center. Datainsamling har främst skett genom telefonintervjuer med tre olika företag som använder sig av Supplier Center som lösning för deras kundkommunikation.  Vi har i våra slutsatser kommit fram till att vissa aspekter av de två perspektiven är viktigare att beakta vi utformning av ett system likt Supplier Center. Ett så- dant system skall tillgodose kraven på tydlig handlingsrepertoar, handlingstrans- parent, tydlig feedback, personifiering, känd och begriplig vokabulär, intentionellt tydligt, handlingsstödjande, minimera användarens minnesbelastning, enhetlighet, förse användaren med återkoppling, förse användaren med klart markerade funk- tioner för att avbryta dialogen, bra felmeddelanden och förhindra fel.

  • 16.
    Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Banaee, Hadi
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Rafael-Palou, Xavier
    Barcelona Digital Technology Centre, Barcelona, Spain.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Intelligent Healthcare Services to Support Health Monitoring of Elderly2015In: INTERNET OF THINGS: USER-CENTRIC IOT, PT I, Springer, 2015, Vol. 150, p. 178-186Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposed an approach of intelligent healthcare services to support health monitoring of old people through the project named SAAPHO. Here, definition and architecture of the proposed healthcare services are presented considering six different health parameters such as: 1) physical activity, 2) blood pressure, 3) glucose, 4) medication compliance, 5) pulse monitoring and 6) weight monitoring. The outcome of the proposed services is evaluated in a case study where total 201 subjects from Spain and Slovenia are involved for user requirements analysis considering 1) end users, 2) clinicians, and 3) field study analysis perspectives. The result shows the potentiality and competence of the proposed healthcare services for the users.

  • 17.
    Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Physical Activity Classification for Elderly based on Pulse Rate2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity is one of the key components for elderly in order to be actively ageing. However, it is difficult to differentiate and identify the body movement and actual physical activity using only accelerometer measurement. Therefore, this paper presents an application of case-based retrieval classification scheme to classify the physical activity of elderly based on pulse rate measurements. Here, case-based retrieval approach used the features extracted from both time and frequency domain. The evaluation result shows the best accuracy performance while considering the combination of time and frequency domain features. According to the evaluation result while considering the control measurements, the sensitivity, specificity and overall accuracy are achieved as 95%, 96% and 96% respectively. Considering the test dataset, the system was succeeded to identify 13 physical activities out of 16 i.e. the percentage of the correctness was 81%.

  • 18.
    Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Physical activity identification using supervised machine learning and based on pulse rate2013In: International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications, ISSN 2158-107X, E-ISSN 2156-5570, Vol. 4, no 7, p. 210-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity is one of the key components for elderly in order to be actively ageing. Pulse rate is a convenient physiological parameter to identify elderly’s physical activity since it increases with activity and decreases with rest. However, analysis and classification of pulse rate is often difficult due to personal variation during activity. This paper proposed a Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) approach to identify physical activity of elderly based on pulse rate. The proposed CBR approach has been compared with the two popular classification techniques, i.e. Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Neural Network (NN). The comparison has been conducted through an empirical experimental study where three experiments with 192 pulse rate measurement data are used. The experiment result shows that the proposed CBR approach outperforms the other two methods. Finally, the CBR approach identifies physical activity of elderly 84% accurately based on pulse rate

  • 19.
    Ahmed, Rehan M.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani V.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Compliant motion control for safe human robot interaction2009In: Robot motion and control 2009 / [ed] Krzysztof R. Kozłowski, Berlin: Springer , 2009, p. 265-274Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Robots have recently been foreseen to work side by side and share workspace with humans in assisting them in tasks that include physical human-robot (HR) interaction. The physical contact with human tasks under uncertainty has to be performed in a stable and safe manner [6]. However, current industrial robot manipulators are still very far from HR coexisting environments, because of their unreliable safety, rigidity and heavy structure. Besides this, the industrial norms separate the two spaces occupied by a human and a robot by means of physical fence or wall [9]. Therefore, the success of such physical HR interaction is possible if the robot is enabled to handle this interaction in a smart way to prevent injuries and damages.

  • 20.
    Ahmed, Rehan M.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Modeling of magneto rheological fluid actuator enabling safe human-robot interaction2008In: IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, 2008. ETFA 2008, 2008, p. 974-979Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Impedance control and compliant behavior for safe human-robot physical interaction of industrial robots normally can be achieved by using active compliance control of actuators based on various sensor data. Alternatively, passive devices allow controllable compliance motion but usually are mechanically complex. We present another approach using a novel actuation mechanism based on magneto-rheological fluid (MRF) that incorporates variable stiffness directly into the joints. In this paper, we have investigated and analyzed principle characteristics of MRF actuation mechanism and presented the analytical-model. Then we have developed the static and dynamic model based on experimental test results and have discussed three essential modes of motion needed for human-robot manipulation interactive tasks.

  • 21.
    Ahtiainen, Juhana
    et al.
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland.
    Stoyanov, Todor
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Saarinen, Jari
    GIM Ltd., Espoo, Finland.
    Normal Distributions Transform Traversability Maps: LIDAR-Only Approach for Traversability Mapping in Outdoor Environments2017In: Journal of Field Robotics, ISSN 1556-4959, E-ISSN 1556-4967, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 600-621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Safe and reliable autonomous navigation in unstructured environments remains a challenge for field robots. In particular, operating on vegetated terrain is problematic, because simple purely geometric traversability analysis methods typically classify dense foliage as nontraversable. As traversing through vegetated terrain is often possible and even preferable in some cases (e.g., to avoid executing longer paths), more complex multimodal traversability analysis methods are necessary. In this article, we propose a three-dimensional (3D) traversability mapping algorithm for outdoor environments, able to classify sparsely vegetated areas as traversable, without compromising accuracy on other terrain types. The proposed normal distributions transform traversability mapping (NDT-TM) representation exploits 3D LIDAR sensor data to incrementally expand normal distributions transform occupancy (NDT-OM) maps. In addition to geometrical information, we propose to augment the NDT-OM representation with statistical data of the permeability and reflectivity of each cell. Using these additional features, we train a support-vector machine classifier to discriminate between traversable and nondrivable areas of the NDT-TM maps. We evaluate classifier performance on a set of challenging outdoor environments and note improvements over previous purely geometrical traversability analysis approaches.

  • 22.
    Akeh, Lucas Kunene
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Investigating the Challenges and Opportunities for the Adoption use of Electronic Medical Record in Cameroon. A qualitative study.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Al-Ali, Mohammed
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Sokhan, Sereyvisith
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Remote Monitoring Technologies: The Improvement of Health Care Service for COPD Patients2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Al-Ali, Mohammed
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Zahir, Ako
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Agile Software Requirements Handling Expectations of Product Owner: Theories and Practices2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Albadawi, Salem
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Improvement of Information Infrastructure for the North Hebron Directorate of Education2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Albadawi, Salem
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Azizi, Fereshta
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Success factors in Healthcare Information Technology: A study about how Healthcare and IT vendor companies address the success factors2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Albitar, Houssam
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    In-water surface cleaning robot: concept, locomotion and stability2014In: International Journal of Mechatronics and Automation, ISSN 2045-1067, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 104-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a new concept of flexible crawling mechanism in the design ofindustrial in-water cleaning robot, which is evaluated from the viewpoint of work and operationon an underwater surface. It enables the scanning and cleaning process performed by water jets,while keeping stable robot position on the surface by its capacity to bear and compensate the jetreactions. Such robotic platform can be used for cleaning and maintenance of various underwatersurfaces, including moving ships in the open sea. The designed robot implements its motions bycontraction and expansion of legged mechanism using standard motors and suction cupstechnology. In this study we focus at the conditions for achieving enough adhesion for keepingcontinuous contact between the robot and the surface and robot stability in different situations forthe basic locomotions.

  • 28.
    Albitar, Houssam
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    New concept of in-water surface cleaning robot2013In: Mechatronics and Automation (ICMA), 2013 IEEE International Conference onDate 4-7 Aug. 2013, IEEE conference proceedings, 2013, p. 1582-1587Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a new concept of flexible crawling mechanism to design an industrial underwater cleaning robot, which is evaluated from the viewpoint of the capability to work underwater, scanning the desired surface, and bearing the reactions. This can be used as a robotic application in underwater surface cleaning and maintenance. We designed a robot that realizes the motion by contraction and extraction using DC-motors and vacuum technology. In this study we first focused on realizing the adhesion, bearing reactions, and achieving a stable locomotion on the surface.

  • 29.
    Albitar, Houssam
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stability study of underwater crawling robot on non-horizontal surface2014In: Mobile Service Robotics: Clawar 2014: 17th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots and the Support Technologies for Mobile Machines: Poznan, Poland 21 - 23 July 2014, Singapore: World Scientific, 2014, p. 511-519Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a study of a concept of exible crawling mechanism todesign an industrial underwater cleaning robot, which is evaluated from theviewpoint of the capability to work underwater, scanning the desired surface,and bearing the reactions. This can be used as a robotic application in under-water surface cleaning and maintenance. In this study we focused on realizingthe adhesion on the surface in stationary and in motion, bearing reactions,enabling the needed locomotion types for scanning, and achieving the stabilityin dierent situations on the surface.

  • 30.
    Albitar, Houssam
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Dandan, Kinan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Layered mission control architecture and strategy for crawling underwater cleaning robot2015In: International Journal of Mechatronics and Automation, ISSN 2045-1059, Vol. 5, no 2/3, p. 114-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the mechanical design and the control system architecture of anunderwater robot, developed for bio-fouling cleaning surfaces. The robotic system presented herehas been designed to improve the productivity, reduce the environmental impacts, and excludethe hazards for the operators. The control system has a layered structure which is distributed intotwo blocks: cleaning robot, and on-board base station connected with power and control cablesand a water hose, to facilitate different modes of operations and to increase the system reliability.A low level control has been implemented on the robotic platform. The onboard station designedto be in different layers of the control system: manual, semiautonomous and autonomous modes.A scaled prototype has been implemented and tested to prove the concept, and to make certainthat the mechanical design and the chosen control system are perfectly suited to the mainfunctions of the robotic system.

  • 31.
    Albitar, Houssam
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Dandan, Kinan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Underwater Robotics: Surface Cleaning Technics, Adhesion and Locomotion Systems2016In: International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, ISSN 1729-8806, E-ISSN 1729-8814, Vol. 13, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Underwater robots are being developed for various applications ranging from inspection to maintenance and cleaning of submerged surfaces and constructions. These platforms should be able to travel on these surfaces. Furthermore, these platforms should adapt and reconfigure for underwater environment conditions and should be autonomous. Regarding the adhesion to the surface, they should produce a proper attaching force using a light-weight technics. Taking these facts into consideration, this paper presents a survey of different technologies used for underwater cleaning and the available underwater robotics solutions for the locomotion and the adhesion to surfaces.

  • 32.
    Albrecht, Stefan
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Axelsson, Morgan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Umbraco, EPiServer, WordPress, Drupal och egen-utvecklade CMS - Utvecklares åsikter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Al-Dabbagh, Mustafa
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Electronic Government in Iraq: Challenges of development and implementation2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Aldammad, Mohamad
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Current collector for heavy vehicles on electrified roads2014In: Proceedings of the 14th Mechatronics Forum International Conference, Mechatronics 2014 / [ed] Leo J De Vin and Jorge Solis, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2014, p. 436-441Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a prototype of a novel current collector manipulator that can be mounted beneath a road vehicle between the front and rear wheels to collect electric power from road embedded power lines. The ground-level power supply concept for road vehicles is described and the kinematic model of this two degree of freedom manipulator is detailed. Finally, the power line detection, based on an array of inductive sensors, is discussed.

  • 35.
    Aldammad, Mohamad
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Center for Applied Autonomous Sensor Systems, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Current Collector for Heavy Vehicles on Electrified Roads: Field Tests2016In: Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles, ISSN 1348-3927, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1751-1757Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the field tests and measurements performed on a novel current collector manipulator to be mounted beneath a heavy vehicle to collect electric power from road embedded power lines. We describe the concept of the Electric Road System (ERS) test track being used and give an overview of the test vehicle for testing the current collection. The emphasis is on the field tests and measurements to evaluate both the vertical accelerations that the manipulator’s end-effector is subject to during operation and the performance of the detection and tracking of the power line.

  • 36.
    Aldammad, Mohamad
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Current collector for heavy vehicles on electrified roads: kinematic analysisIn: International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, ISSN 1751-4088Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a prototype of a novel current collector manipulator to be be mounted beneath a heavy vehicle to collect electric power from road-embedded power lines. We describe the concept of the ground-level power supply system for heavy vehicles and its main components. The main requirements and constraints, such as safety, robustness to harsh road and weather operational conditions, ambient environment aspects and dynamic properties, are introduced. The emphasis is on the developed kinematic model, which provides the base for further development of the control system. We propose and derive an alternative approach for representing the inverse kinematics by a two-dimensional polynomial approximation that avoids the usage of complicated non-linear equations. Its simplicity is demonstrated by a numerical example with the basic parameters of the prototype. The basic motion sequences of the current collector and the way to control them are outlined. 

  • 37.
    Aldammad, Mohamad
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Ananiev, Anani
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Current Collector for Heavy Vehicles on Electrified Roads: Motion Control2015In: Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles, ISSN 1348-3927, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 1725-1732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the adopted motion control schemes of a novel current collector manipulator to be mounted beneath a heavy hybrid electric vehicle to collect electric power from road embedded power lines. We describe our approach of power line detection and tracking based on an array of inductive proximity sensors. The emphasis is on the adopted motion control logic for sequential and closed loop motions to detect and track the power line respectively. We implement the sliding mode control approach for the closed loop control scheme as straightforward solution given the binary nature of the inductive proximity sensors being used. The overall architecture of the entire motion control system is presented. Finally, the implementation of the entire control logic in a form of a state machine is discussed.

  • 38.
    Aldea, M.
    et al.
    Dpto. de Electrónica y Computadores, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Bernat, G.
    Department of Computer Science, University of York, United Kingdom.
    Broster, I.
    Department of Computer Science, University of York, United Kingdom.
    Burns, A.
    Department of Computer Science, University of York, United Kingdom.
    Dobrin, Radu
    Computer Engineering Department, Mälardalen University, Vasterås, Sweden.
    Drake, J. M.
    Dpto. de Electrónica y Computadores, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Fohlet, Gerhard
    Computer Engineering Department, Mälardalen University, Vasterås, Sweden.
    Gai, P.
    ReTiS Lab., Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.
    Harbour, M. G.
    Dpto. de Electrónica y Computadores, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Guidi, G.
    ReTiS Lab., Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.
    Gutierrez, J. J.
    Dpto. de Electrónica y Computadores, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Lennvall, Tomas
    Computer Engineering Department, Mälardalen University, Vasterås, Sweden.
    Lipari, G.
    ReTiS Lab., Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.
    Martinez, J. M.
    Dpto. de Electrónica y Computadores, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Medina, J. L.
    Dpto. de Electrónica y Computadores, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Palencia, J. C.
    Dpto. de Electrónica y Computadores, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Trimarchi, M.
    ReTiS Lab., Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.
    FSF: A real-time scheduling architecture framework2006In: 12th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium (RTAS'06): Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2006, p. 113-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scheduling theory generally assumes that real-time systems are mostly composed of activities with hard real-time requirements. Many systems are built today by composing different applications or components in the same system, leading to a mixture of many different kinds of requirements with small parts of the system having hard real-time requirements and other larger parts with requirements for more flexible scheduling and for quality of service. Hard real-time scheduling techniques are extremely pessimistic for the latter part of the application, and consequently it is necessary to use techniques that let the system resources be fully utilized to achieve the highest possible quality. This paper presents a framework for a scheduling architecture that provides the ability to compose several applications or components into the system, and to flexibly schedule the available resources while guaranteeing hard real-time requirements. The framework (called FSF) is independent of the underlying implementation, and can run on different underlying scheduling strategies. It is based on establishing service contracts that represent the complex and flexible requirements of the applications, and which are managed by the underlying system to provide the required level of service.

  • 39.
    Alenkvist, Dennis
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Gränssnitt till panel-PC med touch för inställningar till inmatningsenheten i en konverteringsmaskin för wellpapp2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project was made to create a modern HMI for a touch screen the form of a panel PC for industrial environments. The application was supposed to display data, such as alarm lists and machine settings, from the feed unit for a machine for conversion of corrugated cardboard. The project consisted of two main parts: Creating a graphical interface to display data and to establish a communication with the machine’s HMI to exchange the data. The aim of this work was to replace the current display which is old fashioned, an annoyance to customers and has limited potential for development.

  • 40.
    Aleotti, Jacopo
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Technology.
    Skoglund, Alexander
    Örebro University, Department of Technology.
    Duckett, Tom
    Örebro University, Department of Technology.
    Position teaching of a robot arm by demonstration with a wearable input device2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the first prototype of a "Programming by demonstration" (PbD) system for position teaching of a robot manipulator. A new approach for enabling PbD using supervised learning is presented, by connecting a wearable input device for sensing human arm movements to the software controller of a robot arm. The method does not require analytical modelling of either the human arm or robot, and can be customised for different users and robots. Initial experiments on some simple movements tasks are presented.

  • 41.
    Alfredsson, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Larsson, Gustav
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Lokalisering och visualisering av område: En smartphone-applikation för en ökad trygghetskänsla2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The report is about different methods of localizing smartphones and the creation of an Android application. The application should visualize the Campus for Örebro university to raise awareness and the sense of security for people who are there at night. The

    implementation of the system is described along with the problems during development, and

    how they were solved.

  • 42.
    Al-Hassany, Ibrahim
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Applying the ENISA IT Risk Assessment for Cloud Computing on Small & Medium Enterprises. A Case Study of Policy/Organizational, Technical and Legal Risks2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Al-Hassany, Ibrahim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Charles, Bukenya
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Evaluation the usability of "Journalen": An Electronic Health Records System for Patients in Sweden2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Al-Haydar, Sattar
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Cultural aspects in global systems development: an analytical tool2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Ali, Liaqut
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    How to make use of knowledge embedded in development practice by using ICT to sustain rural development?: Case Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Ali, Liaqut
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Knowledge based sustainable development - case Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Alirezaie, Marjan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Bridging the Semantic Gap between Sensor Data and Ontological Knowledge2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid growth of sensor data can potentially enable a better awareness of the environment for humans. In this regard, interpretation of data needs to be human-understandable. For this, data interpretation may include semantic annotations that hold the meaning of numeric data. This thesis is about bridging the gap between quantitative data and qualitative knowledge to enrich the interpretation of data. There are a number of challenges which make the automation of the interpretation process non-trivial. Challenges include the complexity of sensor data, the amount of available structured knowledge and the inherent uncertainty in data. Under the premise that high level knowledge is contained in ontologies, this thesis investigates the use of current techniques in ontological knowledge representation and reasoning to confront these challenges. Our research is divided into three phases, where the focus of the first phase is on the interpretation of data for domains which are semantically poor in terms of available structured knowledge. During the second phase, we studied publicly available ontological knowledge for the task of annotating multivariate data. Our contribution in this phase is about applying a diagnostic reasoning algorithm to available ontologies. Our studies during the last phase have been focused on the design and development of a domain-independent ontological representation model equipped with a non-monotonic reasoning approach with the purpose of annotating time-series data. Our last contribution is related to coupling the OWL-DL ontology with a non-monotonic reasoner. The experimental platforms used for validation consist of a network of sensors which include gas sensors whose generated data is complex. A secondary data set includes time series medical signals representing physiological data, as well as a number of publicly available ontologies such as NCBO Bioportal repository.

  • 48.
    Alirezaie, Marjan
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Hammar, Karl
    SICS - East Swedish ICT, Linköping, Sweden; Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    SICS - East Swedish ICT, Linköping, Sweden.
    SmartEnv as a Network of Ontology Patterns2018In: Semantic Web, ISSN 1570-0844, E-ISSN 2210-4968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we outline the details of an ontology, called SmartEnv, proposed as a representational model to assist the development process of smart (i.e., sensorized) environments. The SmartEnv ontology is described in terms of its modules representing different aspects including physical and conceptual aspects of a smart environment. We propose the use of the Ontology Design Pattern (ODP) paradigm in order to modularize our proposed solution, while at the same time avoiding strong dependencies between the modules in order to manage the representational complexity of the ontology. The ODP paradigm and related methodologies enable incremental construction of ontologies by first creating and then linking small modules. Most modules (patterns) of the SmartEnv ontology are inspired by, and aligned with, the Semantic Sensor Network (SSN) ontology, however with extra interlinks to provide further precision and cover more representational aspects. The result is a network of 8 ontology patterns together forming a generic representation for a smart environment. The patterns have been submitted to the ODP portal and are available on-line at stable URIs.

  • 49.
    Alirezaie, Marjan
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Klügl, Franziska
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Längkvist, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Exploiting Context and Semantics for UAV Path-finding in an Urban Setting2017In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Application of Semantic Web technologies in Robotics (AnSWeR 2017), Portoroz, Slovenia, May 29th, 2017 / [ed] Emanuele Bastianelli, Mathieu d'Aquin, Daniele Nardi, Technical University Aachen , 2017, p. 11-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose an ontology pattern that represents paths in a geo-representation model to be used in an aerial path planning processes. This pattern provides semantics related to constraints (i.e., ight forbidden zones) in a path planning problem in order to generate collision free paths. Our proposed approach has been applied on an ontology containing geo-regions extracted from satellite imagery data from a large urban city as an illustrative example.

  • 50.
    Alirezaie, Marjan
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Klügl, Franziska
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Knowing without telling: integrating sensing and mapping for creating an artificial companion2016In: Proceedings of the 24th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, p. 11:1-11:4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper depicts a sensor-based map navigation approach which targets users, who due to disabilities or lack of technical knowledge are currently not in the focus of map system developments for personalized information. What differentiates our approach from the state-of-art mostly integrating localized social media data, is that our vision is to integrate real time sensor generated data that indicates the situation of dfferent phenomena (such as the physiological functions of the body) related to the user. The challenge hereby is mainly related to knowledge representation and integration. The tentative impact of our vision for future navigation systems is re ected within a scenario.

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