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  • 1.
    Agrawal, Vikas
    et al.
    IBM Research, , India.
    Archibald, Christopher
    Mississippi State University, Starkville, United States.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Bui, Hung Hai
    Laboratory for Natural Language Understanding, Sunnyvale CA, United States.
    Cook, Diane J.
    Washington State University, Pullman WA, United States.
    Cortés, Juan
    University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
    Geib, Christopher W.
    Drexel University, Philadelphia PA, United States.
    Gogate, Vibhav
    Department of Computer Science, University of Texas, Dallas, United States.
    Guesgen, Hans W.
    Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
    Jannach, Dietmar
    Technical university Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany.
    Johanson, Michael
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
    Kersting, Kristian
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Intelligente Analyse- und Informationssysteme (IAIS), Sankt Augustin, Germany; The University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    Konidaris, George
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge MA, United States.
    Kotthoff, Lars
    INSIGHT Centre for Data Analytics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
    Michalowski, Martin
    Adventium Labs, Minneapolis MN, United States.
    Natarajan, Sriraam
    Indiana University, Bloomington IN, United States.
    O’Sullivan, Barry
    INSIGHT Centre for Data Analytics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
    Pickett, Marc
    Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC, United States.
    Podobnik, Vedran
    Telecommunication Department of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Poole, David
    Department of Computer Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Shastri, Lokendra
    Infosys, , India.
    Shehu, Amarda
    George Mason University, Washington, United States.
    Sukthankar, Gita
    University of Central Florida, Orlando FL, United States.
    The AAAI-13 Conference Workshops2013Inngår i: The AI Magazine, ISSN 0738-4602, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 108-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The AAAI-13 Workshop Program, a part of the 27th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, was held Sunday and Monday, July 14-15, 2013, at the Hyatt Regency Bellevue Hotel in Bellevue, Washington, USA. The program included 12 workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence, including Activity Context-Aware System Architectures (WS-13-05); Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Methods in Computational Biology (WS-13-06); Combining Constraint Solving with Mining and Learning (WS-13-07); Computer Poker and Imperfect Information (WS-13-08); Expanding the Boundaries of Health Informatics Using Artificial Intelligence (WS-13-09); Intelligent Robotic Systems (WS-13-10); Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization and Recommendation (WS-13-11); Learning Rich Representations from Low-Level Sensors (WS-13-12); Plan, Activity,, and Intent Recognition (WS-13-13); Space, Time, and Ambient Intelligence (WS-13-14); Trading Agent Design and Analysis (WS-13-15); and Statistical Relational Artificial Intelligence (WS-13-16)

  • 2.
    Akalin, Neziha
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Krakovsky, Maya
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, and ABC Robotics Initiative, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
    Avioz-Sarig, Omri
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, and ABC Robotics Initiative, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Edan, Yael
    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, and ABC Robotics Initiative, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
    Robot-Assisted Training with Swedish and Israeli Older Adults2021Inngår i: Social Robotics: 13th International Conference, ICSR 2021, Singapore, Singapore, November 10–13, 2021, Proceedings / [ed] Haizhou Li; Shuzhi Sam Ge; Yan Wu; Agnieszka Wykowska; Hongsheng He; Xiaorui Liu; Dongyu Li; Jairo Perez-Osorio, Springer, 2021, s. 487-496Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores robot-assisted training in a cross-cultural context with older adults. We performed user studies with 28 older adults with two different assistive training robots: an adaptive robot, and a non-adaptive robot, in two countries (Sweden and Israel). In the adaptive robot group, the robot suggested playing music and decreased the number of repetitions based on the participant’s level of engagement. We analyzed the facial expressions of the participants in these two groups. Results revealed that older adults in the adaptive robot group showed more varying facial expressions. The adaptive robot created a distraction for the older adults since it talked more than the non-adaptive robot. This result suggests that a robot designed for older adults should utilize the right amount of communication capabilities. The Israeli participants expressed more positive attitudes towards robots and rated the perceived usefulness of the robot higher than the Swedish participants.

  • 3.
    Akner-Koler, Cheryl
    et al.
    Industridesignprogrammet, Konstfack, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ranjbar, Parivash
    Region Örebro län. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik, School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Integrating Sensitizing Labs in an Educational Design Process for Haptic Interaction2016Inngår i: FORMakademisk, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 1-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    New design methods for educating designers are needed to adapt the attributes of haptic interaction to fit the embodied experience of the users. This paper presents educationally framed aesthetic sensitizing labs: 1) a material-lab exploring the tactile and haptic structures of materials, 2) a vibrotactile-lab exploring actuators directly on the body and 3) a combined materials- and vibrotactile-lab embedded in materials. These labs were integrated in a design course that supports a non-linear design process for embodied explorative and experimental activities that feed into an emerging gestalt. A co-design process was developed in collaboration with researchers and users who developed positioning and communications systems for people with deafblindness. Conclusion: the labs helped to discern attributes of haptic interactions which supported designing scenarios and prototypes showing novel ways to understand and shape haptic interaction.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Visuospatial Commonsense: On Neurosymbolic Reasoning and Learning about Space and Motion2022Inngår i: Spatio-Temporal Reasoning and Learning 2022: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Spatio-Temporal Reasoning and Learning (STRL 2022) co-located with the 31st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the 25th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2022, ECAI 2022), Vienna, Austria, July 24, 2022 / [ed] Michael Sioutis; Zhiguo Long; John Stell; Jochen Renz, Technical University of Aachen , 2022, Vol. 3190Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Freksa, Christian
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Spatial Computing for Design — an Artificial Intelligence Perspective2015Inngår i: Studying Visual and Spatial Reasoning for Design Creativity / [ed] Gero, John S., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands , 2015, s. 109-127Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The articulation of the Science of Design by Herbert Simon and the paradigmatic relevance of Artificial Intelligence in that context are closely intertwined topics: Simon elaborates the ‘Sciences of the Artificial’ in the context of the design of artefacts. Situated in this AI-centric view of design, we characterize “spatial computing for design” as a specialisation concerned with the development of the general representational and computational apparatus necessary for solving modelling and reasoning problems in spatial design. Several representation and reasoning problems are dis-cussed in the backdrop of relevant examples involving the formal modelling of structural form with respect to a desired/anticipated artefactual function. The discussion, although applicable to any spatial design activity, is grounded in the domain of assistive decision-support in the context of a conventional computer-aided architecture design workflow.

  • 6.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    Cognitive Systems (CoSy), University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Guesgen, Hans W.School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
    Situational Awareness for Assistive Technologies2012Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of smart assistive technology for personal living and public environments is an opportunity that has been recently recognized by research labs across the world. A particular theme that has garnered attention in many countries is the problem of an aging population. The combination of a much larger elderly population and the ever increasing cost of providing full-time human care for them means that finding practical assisted living solutions for this group is becoming increasingly important. Computing is the obvious choice to provide an answer to this growing problem, but to have a real impact, computer-based assistive technologies will need to possess the ability to interact with, and interpret, the actions and situations of those they are designed to assist.

    The papers in this book explore the diversity of the field of ambient intelligence, as well as the wide range of approaches and variety of applications that may prove to be possible. Consideration is given to how space, action, time, and other contexts can be represented and reasoned about for use in sensory mapping, multi-agent interactions, assisted living, and even emergency responses. Many techniques are examined; variety represents one of the most important strengths of this area, meaning that the weakness of one approach can be offset by the capability of others.

    The book consists of research contributions dealing with the crucial notion of situational awareness within assistive smart systems emerging as an overarching concept. An applied computer science character has been retained, whilst bringing to the fore research projects where formal knowledge representation and reasoning techniques have been demonstrated to be applicable to areas within the broader field of ambient intelligence and smart environments.

  • 7.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Lewis, Clayton
    University of Colorado, Boulder, USA.
    Multimodality in Embodied Experience Design: Workshop at INTERACT 2017, Mumbai, INDIA2017Inngår i: Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2017, Part IV, Springer, 2017, Vol. LNCS-10516, s. 533-534Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The workshop on Multimodality in Embodied Experience Design addresses the role of multimodality and mediated interaction for the analysis and design of human-centred, embodied, cognitive user experiences. Research topics being addressed encompass formal, computational, cognitive, design, engineering, empirical, and philosophical perspectives at the interface of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, and interaction design.

  • 8.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Lieto, AntonioUniversity of Turin, Turin, Italy; ICAR-CNR, Italy.
    Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Cognition and Artificial Intelligence for Human-Centred Design 2017 co-located with IJCAI 20172018Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Schultz, Carl
    Freksa, Christian
    The ‘Space’ in Spatial Assistance Systems: Conception, Formalisation and Computation2014Inngår i: Representing space in cognition: Interrelations of behavior, language, and formal models / [ed] Tenbrink, Thora; Wiener, Jan; Claramunt, Christophe, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2014Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is about ‘space’: empty space, spatial structures, and the process of structuring. We organize empty space by building-up structures and artefacts of our everyday existence. This structuring transforms empty space into something of a desired form (e.g. a balanced room, a visually pleasing scene), function (e.g. easily navigable), and semantic connotation (e.g. of a ‘place’). The chapter is written from the perspective of spatial informatics and addresses space at the scale of everyday human perception and thinking. The core of this chapter is to present the informatics of spatial structure; this is done at three levels: (1) the conception of structural form, as it accrues in the minds of people, and its expression, using spatio-linguistic modalities; (2) the formalization of space, using representational means for spatial abstraction; and (3) the computation of structural forms in a manner that constructively assures, assists, and empowers those who conceive of those forms. The chapter is grounded to reality with respect to a particular class of spatial assistance systems, e.g. for spatial design, where our interpretations of creative and constructive assistance are applicable. We also present case studies in domains such as design creativity for media pre-production, and real-time emergency assistance, though architectural design remains an area of special emphasis throughout the chapter.

  • 10.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    Cognitive Systems Group, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Schultz, Carl
    Cognitive Systems Group, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Huang, Minqian
    Digital Media, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    The Shape of Empty Space: Human-centred cognitive foundations in computing for spatial design2012Inngår i: 2012 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages and Human-Centric Computing, VL/HCC 2012, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2012, s. 33-40Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a human-centred model for abstraction, modelling and computing in function-driven spatial design for architecture. The primitive entities of our design conception ontology and computing framework are driven by classic notions of structure, function, and affordance in design, and are directly based on the fundamental human perceptual and analytical modalities of visual and locomotive exploration of space.

    With an emphasis on design semantics, our model for spatial design marks a fundamental shift from contemporary modelling and computational foundations underlying engineering-centred computer aided design systems. We demonstrate the application of our model within a system for human-centred computational design analysis and simulation. We also illustrate the manner in which our design modelling and computing framework seamlessly builds on contemporary industry data modelling standards within the architecture and construction informatics communities.

  • 11.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. CoDesign Lab EU/Cognition. AI. Interaction. Design., Stockholm, Sweden.
    Suchan, Jakob
    German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oldenburg, Germany.
    Artificial Visual Intelligence: Perceptual Commonsense for Human-Centred Cognitive Technologies2023Inngår i: Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence: Advanced Lectures / [ed] Chetouani, Mohamed; Dignum, Virginia; Lukowicz, Paul; Sierra, Carles, Springer, 2023, s. 216-242Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We address computational cognitive vision and perception at the interface of language, logic, cognition, and artificial intelligence. The chapter presents general methods for the processing and semantic interpretation of dynamic visuospatial imagery with a particular emphasis on the ability to abstract, learn, and reason with cognitively rooted structured characterisations of commonsense knowledge pertaining to space and motion. The presented work constitutes a systematic model and methodology integrating diverse, multi-faceted AI methods pertaining Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Computer Vision, and Machine Learning towards realising practical, human-centred artificial visual intelligence.

  • 12.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Suchan, Jakob
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Cognitive Vision and Perception: Deep Semantics Integrating AI and Vision for Reasoning about Space, Motion, and Interaction2020Inngår i: ECAI 2020 / [ed] Giuseppe De Giacomo; Alejandro Catala; Bistra Dilkina; Michela Milano; Senén Barro; Alberto Bugarín; Jérôme Lang, IOS Press , 2020, Vol. 325, s. 2881-2882Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Semantic interpretation of dynamic visuospatial imagery calls for a general and systematic integration of methods in knowledge representation and computer vision. Towards this, we highlight research articulating & developing deep semantics, characterised by the existence of declarative models –e.g., pertaining space and motion– and corresponding formalisation and reasoning methods sup- porting capabilities such as semantic question-answering, relational visuospatial learning, and (non-monotonic) visuospatial explanation. We position a working model for deep semantics by highlighting select recent / closely related works from IJCAI, AAAI, ILP, and ACS. We posit that human-centred, explainable visual sensemaking necessitates both high-level semantics and low-level visual computing, with the highlighted works providing a model for systematic, modular integration of diverse multifaceted techniques developed in AI, ML, and Computer Vision.

  • 13.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    et al.
    Cognitive Systems, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Sonderforschungsbereich Transregional Collaborative Research Center 8, Spatial Cognition, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Suchan, Jakob
    Cognitive Systems, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Sonderforschungsbereich Transregional Collaborative Research Center 8, Spatial Cognition, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Schultz, Carl
    Cognitive Systems, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Sonderforschungsbereich Transregional Collaborative Research Center 8, Spatial Cognition, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Cognitive Interpretation of Everyday Activities - Toward Perceptual Narrative Based Visuo-Spatial Scene Interpretation2013Inngår i: 2013 Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative / [ed] Mark A. Finlayson; Bernhard Fisseni; Benedikt Löwe; Jan Christoph Meister, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik , 2013, Vol. 32, s. 24-29Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We position a narrative-centred computational model for high-level knowledge representation and reasoning in the context of a range of assistive technologies concerned with visuo-spatial perception and cognition tasks. Our proposed narrative model encompasses aspects such as space, events, actions, change, and interaction from the viewpoint of commonsense reasoning and learning in large-scale cognitive systems. The broad focus of this paper is on the domain of human-activity interpretation in smart environments, ambient intelligence etc. In the backdrop of a smart meeting cinematography domain, we position the proposed narrative model, preliminary work on perceptual narrativisation, and the immediate outlook on constructing general-purpose open-source tools for perceptual narrativisation.

  • 14.
    Cajander, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Maria
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wolf, Axel
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personcentrering med journalåtkomst och andra e-hälsotjänster2021Inngår i: Medicinsk informatik / [ed] Göran Petersson, Martin Rydmark och Anders Thurin, Stockholm: Liber , 2021, s. 347-355Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 15.
    Cajander, Åsa
    et al.
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Moll, Jonas
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Englund, Sara
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hansman, Anastasia
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Medical records online for patients and effects on the work environment of nurses2018Inngår i: Building Continents of Knowledge in Oceans of Data: The Future of Co-Created eHealth / [ed] Klein G.O., Karlsson D., Moen A., Ugon A., Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press , 2018, Vol. 247, s. 271-275Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2012 Patients Accessible Electronic Health Records (PAEHR) was introduced in Region Uppsala, Sweden. When PAEHR was introduced heath care professionals were very concerned especially in relation to potential negative effects on their work environment. However, few studies exist that investigate in what way work environments have been affected, and no studies have focused on the nurses' working in primary care. Hence, the purpose of this study was to fill this gap through seven interviews with primary care nurses that were transcribed and thematically analysed. The study shows that the nurses' experiences an altered contact as patients accessing PAEHR came prepared to meetings with more informed questions. They also experienced that the service had increased their work load and that it creates uncertainty for nurses who do not know when to inform the patient about test results etc. Finally, some implications are discussed in relation to the patients' role in shared decision making.

  • 16.
    Can, Ozan Arkan
    et al.
    Koc University.
    Zuidberg Dos Martires, Pedro
    KU Leuven.
    Persson, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Gaal, Julian
    Osnabrück University.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    De Raedt, Luc
    KU Leuven.
    Yuret, Deniz
    Koc University.
    Saffiotti, Alessandro
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Learning from Implicit Information in Natural Language Instructions for Robotic Manipulations2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the Combined Workshop on Spatial Language Understanding (SpLU) and Grounded Communication for Robotics (RoboNLP) / [ed] Archna Bhatia, Yonatan Bisk, Parisa Kordjamshidi, Jesse Thomason, Association for Computational Linguistics , 2019, s. 29-39, artikkel-id W19-1604Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Human-robot interaction often occurs in the form of instructions given from a human to a robot. For a robot to successfully follow instructions, a common representation of the world and objects in it should be shared between humans and the robot so that the instructions can be grounded. Achieving this representation can be done via learning, where both the world representation and the language grounding are learned simultaneously. However, in robotics this can be a difficult task due to the cost and scarcity of data. In this paper, we tackle the problem by separately learning the world representation of the robot and the language grounding. While this approach can address the challenges in getting sufficient data, it may give rise to inconsistencies between both learned components. Therefore, we further propose Bayesian learning to resolve such inconsistencies between the natural language grounding and a robot’s world representation by exploiting spatio-relational information that is implicitly present in instructions given by a human. Moreover, we demonstrate the feasibility of our approach on a scenario involving a robotic arm in the physical world.

  • 17.
    Carrascosa, Carlos
    et al.
    Universitat Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
    Klügl, Franziska
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Ricci, Alessandro
    Universita di Bologna, Cesena, Italy.
    Virtual Environments 4 MAS2014Inngår i: E4MAS - 10 Years Later. Workshop at AAMAS 2014 / [ed] D. Weyns et al., 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The environment is a key point when talking about MASapplications, being a key concept when developing a platform or appli-cation in the past ten years: what is important in it and how to access it.At the same time, technology has evolved so that Virtual Environment-kinds of applications have grown out of science ction novels till researchpapers and even real applications. Current technology makes possible toMAS to interact also in this environments.In this paper, we have looked for the common ground that have all thedierent domains relating Virtual Environments as E4MAS, and we havecharacterized those domains according to three dimensions: connectionto the physical world of the environment, agents nature, and sociability.Moreover, we comment one of these domains, Mirror Worlds, as it is oneof the most complex domains commented, that we believe that is one ofthe topics to take into account in the near future both as a researh anddeveloping domain.

  • 18. Cesta, Amedeo
    et al.
    Cortellessa, Gabriella
    Fracasso, Francessca
    Orlandini, Andrea
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Lidskog, Marie
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Engfeldt, Peter
    Forsberg, Anette
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Turno, Marcello
    Gutierrez, Carlos
    GiraffPlus: D1.1 User Requirements and Design Principles Report2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This document reports on the work performed in Task 1.1 User requirements analysis and Task 1.2 GiraffPlus Environment Design Principles. Specifically, it describes the results of a deep involvement of users, both primary (elderly living in their apartment), and secondary (health care professional or family members and friends) recruited in our studies. The report details the qualitative and quantitative research carried out in the three countries of Sweden, Spain and Italy, to elicit user requirements and expectations in terms of type of services as well as system design and appearance. Some qualitative cross-cultural analysis has also been performed in order to highlight differences emerged during the studies in the three countries. Result of this effort is list of user requirements and a set of preferences on different mockups of a component of the system that can be both used to influence the future architecture definition and functional specification of the GiraffPlus system. The work described in this deliverable constitutes the starting point of T1.3 Technological Component Assessment and Selection and overall provides useful hints to the whole system development.

  • 19.
    Efremova, Natalia
    et al.
    Plekhanov Russian University, Moskow, Russia.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Cognitive Architectures for Optimal Remote Image Representation for Driving a Telepresence Robot2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Erlandsson, Tina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Aeronautics SAAB AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Niklasson, Lars
    University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Calculating uncertainties in situation analysis for fighter aircraft combat survivability2012Inngår i: 2012 15th International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION), 9-12 July 2012, IEEE, 2012, s. 196-203Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Frid, Emma
    et al.
    Sound and Music Computing, CSC, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bresin, Roberto
    Sound and Music Computing, CSC, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Moll, Jonas
    Interaction Design, CSC, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sallnäs Pysander, Eva-Lotta
    Interaction Design, CSC, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sonification of haptic interaction in a virtual scene2014Inngår i: SMC Sweden 2014 Sound and Music Computing: Bridging science, art, and industry / [ed] Roberto Bresin, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2014, s. 14-16Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a brief overview of work-in-progress for a study on correlations between visual and haptic spatial attention in a multimodal single-user application comparing different modalities. The aim is to gain insight into how auditory and haptic versus visual representations of temporal events may affect task performance and spatial attention. For this purpose, a 3D application involving one haptic model and two different sound models for interactive sonification are developed.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Sonification of Haptic Interaction in a Virtual Scene
  • 22.
    Frid, Emma
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bresin, Roberto
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sallnäs Pysander, Eva-Lotta
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Moll, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    An exploratory study on the effect of auditory feedback on gaze behavior in a virtual throwing task with and without haptic feedback2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 14th Sound and Music Computing Conference 2017 / [ed] Tapio Lokki, Jukka Pätynen, Vesa Välimäki, Aalto University , 2017, s. 242-249Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from an exploratory study on the effect of auditory feedback on gaze behavior. A total of 20 participants took part in an experiment where the task was to throw a virtual ball into a goal in different conditions: visual only, audiovisual, visuohaptic and audio-visuohaptic. Two different sound models were compared in the audio conditions. Analysis of eye tracking metrics indicated large inter-subject variability; difference between subjects was greater than difference between feed-back conditions. No significant effect of condition could be observed, but clusters of similar behaviors were identified. Some of the participants’ gaze behaviors appeared to have been affected by the presence of auditory feedback, but the effect of sound model was not consistent across subjects. We discuss individual behaviors and il-lustrate gaze behavior through sonification of gaze trajectories. Findings from this study raise intriguing questions that motivate future large-scale studies on the effect of auditory feedback on gaze behavior.

  • 23.
    Grünloh, Christiane
    et al.
    Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rexhepi, Hanife
    School of Informatics. The Informatics Research Centre, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Cajander, Åsa
    Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    School of Informatics. The Informatics Research Centre, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Myreteg, Gunilla
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Huvila, Isto
    Faculty of Social Sciences and Economics, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo, Åland.
    Patient Empowerment Meets Concerns for Patients: a Study of Patient Accessible Electronic Health Records in Sweden2016Inngår i: Exploring Complexity in Health: An Interdisciplinary Systems Approach / [ed] Alexander Hoerbst, Werner O. Hackl, Nicolette de Keizer, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Mira Hercigonja-Szekeres, Simon de Lusignan, IOS Press , 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    As part of a EU project, the Swedish county Uppsala launched a patient portal, Journalen in 2012 [1]. Patients can now access their Electronic Health Records (EHR) online, which is aimed to increase patient empowerment. The medical professionals reacted strongly on patients accessing the medical records. Main concerns were related to quality of care, the effect on their work environment, providing bad news through the eHealth service, and also the wellbeing of patients. While the opportunities of implementing these e-health services seem promising, the concerns of the medical professionals have to be understood and addressed, as well as the actual use of the system by patients. This presentation integrates results from two interview studies with physicians and patients related to patients accessing their medical records online [2,3].

    Method

    The presented results are synthesis of the interviews studies with 12 physicians [2] and 30 patients [3], which took place about 6–12 months after the launch of the portal. The synthesis presented in this paper focus on Technological Frames [4] of physicians and patients including the attitudes and experiences in relation to possible (1) anxiety creation, (2) increased of workload, and (3) the general value of patients reading medical records.

    Results Anxiety creation due to receiving bad news. Many physicians believe that breaking bad news to patients during a patient encounter is vital as this would give them the possibility to also explain treat- ments and answer questions. Somewhat unexpectedly, some patients preferred receiving bad news through Journalen instead of waiting for the physicians. The patients argue that waiting times causes more anxiety. The choice of not accessing is also important, as there are patients who do not want to receive bad news before a patient encounter. Workload increases. Many physicians are worried about the work- load of doctors, as reading the medical record online may result in increased number of phone calls because of anxious patients. However, many patients did not tend to take any additional contacts to ask questions. Some of the patients even believe that access to their medical records reduces the number of contacts with healthcare. Usefulness of accessing online. Many physicians are concerned that online access will have a negative impact on the patient such as increased anxiety and misconceptions as they lack understanding of medical terms. Unlike the doctors’ perspective, many patients argue that they do not have major difficulties in understanding the contents. They also argue that Journalen was central to their coping with their decease.

    Conclusion

    From this study it is clear that the Technological Frames of physicians differ from those of patients, and that they have different attitudes and experiences towards the system. The intention from the politicians was that the system would contribute to Patient Empowerment, but that framing of the technology differs from the physicians’ view, as they are concerned of the consequences. More research is needed on the framing of the technology and how that has been changed after the launch of the system.

    [1] Erlingsdottir, G., Lindholm, C. When patient empowerment encounters professional autonomy: The conflict and negotiation process of inscribing an eHealth service. Scandinavian journal of public administration 2015;19(29):27- 48.

    [2] Grünloh, C., Cajander, Å., Myreteg, G., “The Record is our Work Tool!” - Physicians’ Framing of a Patient Portal in Sweden. J Med Internet Res (submitted).

    [3] Rexhepi, H., Åhlfeldt, R.-M., Cajander, Å, & Huvila, I. (2015). Cancer Patients’ Attitudes and Experiences of Online Medical Records, 1–8. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Health Information Management Research ISHIMR 2015.

    [4] Orlikowski, W.J., Gash, D.C. Technological Frames: Making sense of information technology in organizations. Transactions on Information Systems 1994;12(2):174–207. doi: 10.1145/196734.196745

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 24.
    Hacker, Benjamin Alexander
    et al.
    Kyoto University, Japan.
    Wankerl, Thomas
    Kyoto University, Japan.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    Kyoto University, Japan.
    Huang, Hung-Hsuan
    Kyoto University, Japan.
    Schlichter, Johann
    Technische Universität München, Germany.
    Abdikeev, Niyaz
    Plekhanov University, Moscow.
    Nishida, Toyoaki
    Kyoto University, Japan.
    Incorporating intentional and emotional behaviors into a Virtual Human for Better Customer-Engineer-Interaction2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing customer support for technical products means an essential effort for enterprises to satisfy the customer's needs and to challenge rivals in business. This paper introduces a virtual human framework for a better customer engineer interaction. We put emphasis on a preferably natural conversation achieved by continuously analyzing behaviors and emotions of the human user, suggesting his or her intentions and diversification of active and passive intentional behaviors. The underlying architecture is an extension to the generic embodied conversational agent framework which was developed to ease the integration of heterogeneous components into an embodied conversational agent system. These extensions are mainly influenced by SAIBA's architecture for a multimodal behavior generation framework. Although the system has only been accomplished to about 50% partial results show that our approach has the potential to create a more natural like conversational situation.

  • 25.
    Hardell, Lennart
    Region Örebro län.
    Effects of Mobile Phones on Children's and Adolescents' Health: A Commentary2017Inngår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 89, nr 1, s. 137-140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless phone. An evaluation of the scientific evidence on the brain tumor risk was made in May 2011 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at World Health Organization. The scientific panel reached the conclusion that RF radiation from devices that emit nonionizing RF radiation in the frequency range 30 kHz-300 GHz is a Group 2B, that is, a "possible" human carcinogen. With respect to health implications of digital (wireless) technologies, it is of importance that neurological diseases, physiological addiction, cognition, sleep, and behavioral problems are considered in addition to cancer. Well-being needs to be carefully evaluated as an effect of changed behavior in children and adolescents through their interactions with modern digital technologies.

  • 26.
    Helldin, Tove
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Human-centred automation: with application to the fighter aircraft domain2012Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The working situation of fighter pilots is often very challenging. The pilots are requested to perform their tasks and make decisions in situations characterised by time-pressure, huge amounts of data and high workload, knowing that wrong decisions might result in fatal consequences. To aid the pilots, several automatic support systems have been implemented in modern fighter aircraft and will continue to be implemented in pace with technological advancements and new demands posed on the pilots. For example, innovations within the information fusion (IF) domain have made it possible to fuse large amounts of data, stemming from different sensors, databases etc., to create a better foundation for making decisions and act than would have been possible if the information sources had been used separately. However, there are both positive and negative effects of automation, such as decreased workload and improved situation awareness on the one hand, but skill degradation and complacent behaviour on the other. To avoid the possible negative consequences of automation, while at the same time ameliorating the positive ones, a human-centred automation (HCA) approach to system design has been proposed as a way of optimizing the collaboration between the human and the machine. As a design approach, HCA stresses the importance of a cooperative human-machine relationship, where the operator is kept in the automation loop. However, how to introduce HCA within the fighter aircraft domain as well as its implications for the interface and automation design of support systems within the field has not been investigated.

    This thesis investigates the implications of introducing HCA into the fighter aircraft domain. Through literature surveys and empirical investigations, general and domain specific HCA guidelines have been identified. These advocate, for example, that an indication of the reliability of the information and the recommendations provided by the different aircraft support systems must be given as well as that support for appropriate updates of the pilots’ individual and team awareness of the situation must be provided. A demonstrator, mirroring some of the identified guidelines, has been implemented and used to evaluate the guidelines together with system developers within the domain. The evaluation indicated that system developers of modern fighter aircraft implicitly incorporate many of the identified HCA guidelines when designing. However, the evaluation further revealed that to explicitly incorporate these guidelines into the development approach, preferably through the development of a domain specific style guide, would aid the system developers design automated support systems that provide appropriate support for the pilots. The results presented in this thesis are expected to aid developers of modern fighter aircraft support systems by incorporating HCA into the traditional simulator-based design (SBD) approach. This approach is frequently used within the field and stresses early and frequent user-involvement when designing, in which complementary HCA evaluations could be performed to further improve the support systems implemented from an automation perspective. Furthermore, it is expected that the results presented in this thesis will contribute to the research regarding how to incorporate the human operator in the information fusion processes, which has been recognised as a research gap within the IF field. Thus, a further contribution of this thesis is the suggestion of how the HCA development approach could be of aid when improving the interaction between the operator and the automated fusion system.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Helldin, Tove
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Transparency for future semi-automated systems: effects of transparency on operator performance, workload and trust2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    More and more complex semi-automated systems are being developed, aiding human operators to collect and analyze data and information and even to recommend decisions and act upon these. The goal of such development is often to support the operators make better decisions faster, while at the same time decrease their workload. However, these promises are not always fulfilled and several incidents have highlighted the fact that the introduction of automated technologies might instead increase the need for human involvement andexpertise in the tasks carried out.

    The significance of communicating information regarding an automated system's performance and to explain its strengths and limitations to its operators is strongly highlighted within the system transparencyand operator-centered automation literature. However, it is not common that feedback containing system qualifiers is incorporated into the primary displays of the automated system, obscuring its transparency. In this thesis, we deal with the investigation of the effects of explaining and visualizing system reasoning and performance parameters in different domains on the operators' trust, workload and performance. Different proof-of-concept prototypes have been designed with transparency characteristics in mind, and quantitative and qualitative evaluations together with operators of these systems have been carried out.

    Our results show that the effects of automation transparency can positively influence the performance and trust calibration of operators of complex systems, yet possibly at the costs of higher workload and longer decision-making times. Further, this thesis provides recommendations for designers and developers of automated systems in terms of general design concepts and guidelines for developing transparent automated systems for the future.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Introductory chapter
    Download (pdf)
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    Download (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 28.
    Herring, Susan C.
    et al.
    Indiana University, Bloomington, USA.
    Fussel, Susan R.
    Cornell University, Ithaca, USA.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Mutlu, Bilge
    University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA.
    Neustaedter, Carman
    Simon Fraser University, Surrey, Canada.
    Tsui, Katherine
    Yale University, New Haven, USA.
    The Future of Robotic Telepresence: Visions, Opportunities and Challenges2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, s. 1038-1042Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This panel will bring together experts on robotic telepresence from HCI and related fields. Panelists will engage the audience in a discussion of visions, opportunities and challenges for the future of telepresence robots.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Åbo Akdemi University, Åbo, Finland.
    Eriksson-Backa, Kristina
    Åbo Akdemi University, Åbo, Finland.
    Moll, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Myreteg, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Maria
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Differences in the experiences of reading medical records online: Elderly, Older and Younger Adults compared2018Inngår i: Informaatiotutkimus, ISSN 1797-9137, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 51-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 30.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Myreteg, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Cajander, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Empowerment or anxiety?: Research on deployment of online medical e-health services in Sweden2013Inngår i: Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, ISSN 1931-6550, E-ISSN 1550-8366, Vol. 39, nr 5, s. 30-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As early e-health efforts progress, it is critical to step back to study their effectiveness and inform expanded implementation. The DOME project is a Swedish research initiative to examine the methods and implications of providing patients access to their own medical records and other e-health services. The focus is on SUSTAINS, a patient access system established in 2012 in 11 European countries. Sweden’s Uppsala county opened access to residents to view their electronic health records with provider notes, lab results, diagnoses and treatments in late 2012. Pre- and post-implementation studies are being carried out through DOME and mixing with the public debate on benefits and drawbacks of easy online access to personal health information. Supporters and critics share concern for quality of care and data security. But advocates focus on better decisions by empowered patients, while detractors, including many healthcare providers, see patient anxiety resulting from insufficient information and lack of consultation. The DOME project is providing the opportunity to analyze all sides of expanded access to electronic health records.

  • 31.
    Jusufi, Ilir
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Interactive visualization of sensor and self-reported data of patients with Parkinson’s disease2019Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Advancements in telemedicine have been helpful for frequent monitoring of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) from remote locations and assessment of their individual symptoms and treatment-related complications. These data can be useful for helping clinicians and patients to interpret symptom states and individually tailor the treatments by visualizing the physiological information collected by sensor-based systems as well as patient self-reported states. Here we present various visualization and interaction techniques to help physicians explore patient’s daily activities, which could be useful for guiding them during the decision-making process. An interface is designed to visualize symptom and medication information, collected by an Internet of Things-based system comprising of a smartphone, electronic dosing device, wrist sensor and a bed sensor.

  • 32.
    Jusufi, Ilir
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Interactive visualization tools for improving empowerment and treatment of Parkinson’s disease patients2019Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Advancements in telemedicine have been helpful for frequent monitoring of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) from remote locations and assessment of their individual symptoms and treatment-related complications. These data can be useful for helping clinicians and patients to interpret symptom states and individually tailor the treatments by visualizing the physiological information collected by sensor-based systems. Here we present various visualization and interaction techniques developed to help patients track their daily activities. We also present our most recent development to aid physicians in exploring this data in more detailed fashion. Both sets of interfaces are designed to visualize symptom and medication information, collected by an Internet of Things (IoT)-based system comprising of a smartphone, electronic dosing device, wrist sensor and a bed sensor.

  • 33.
    Jusufi, Ilir
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, University of California, Davis CA, United States.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Visualization of spiral drawing data of patients with Parkinson's disease2014Inngår i: Information Visualisation (IV), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014, s. 346-350Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) need to be frequently monitored in order to assess their individual symptoms and treatment-related complications. Advances in technology have introduced telemedicine for patients in remote locations. However, data produced in such settings lack much information and are not easy to analyze or interpret compared to traditional, direct contact between the patient and clinician. Therefore, there is a need to present the data using visualization techniques in order to communicate in an understandable and objective manner to the clinician. This paper presents interaction and visualization approaches used to aid clinicians in the analysis of repeated measures of spirography of PD patients gathered by means of a telemetry touch screen device. The proposed approach enables clinicians to observe fine motor impairments and identify motor fluctuations of their patients while they perform the tests from their homes using the telemetry device.

  • 34.
    Karlberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Division of Product and Production Development, Computer Aided Design, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Löfstrand, Magnus
    Division of Product and Production Development, Computer Aided Design, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Stefan
    PM/PD Press Hardening Tech Centers, Tool CAE Analyst, GESTAMP HardTech AB, Luleå, Sweden .
    Lundin, Michael
    Division of Product and Production Development, Computer Aided Design, Lulea University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    State of the art in simulation driven design2013Inngår i: International Journal of Product Development, ISSN 1477-9056, E-ISSN 1741-8178, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 68-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last few decades, and in order to increase product development efficiency, simulations strategies have been developed to guide designers towards better solutions rather than to verify suggested and basically unevaluated solutions. Such approaches are often called Simulation Driven Design (SDD), which is of interest in this review. The objective of this paper is to show the research evolution of SDD and identify the state of the art in SDD methodology. The literature review comprises several hundred references, of which 79 are included in this paper. The results comprise the state of the art in simulation driven design including the history, various definitions, criteria and effects of using SDD approaches.

  • 35.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    et al.
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Abdikeev, Niyaz
    Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics, Moscow, Russia .
    Nishida, Toyoaki
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Evaluating Humans’ Implicit Attitudes towards an Embodied Conversational Agent2011Inngår i: Advances in Neural Networks–ISNN 2011: 8th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2011, Guilin, China, May 29–June 1, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, s. -9Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the problem of evaluating embodied conversational agents in terms of their communicative performance. We show our attempt to evaluate humans’ implicit attitudes towards different kinds of information presenting by embodied conversational agents using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) rather than gathering explicit data using interviewing methods. We conducted an experiment in which we use the method of indirect measurements with the IAT. The conventional procedure and scoring algorithm of the IAT were used in order to discover possible issues and solutions for future experiments. We discuss key differences between the conventional usage of the IAT and using the IAT in our experiment for evaluating embodied conversational agents using unfamiliar information as test data.

  • 36.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    et al.
    Department of Intelligence Science and Technology, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Hacker, Benjamin Alexander
    Department of Informatics, Munich University of Technology, Munich, Germany.
    Wankerl, Thomas
    Department of Informatics, Munich University of Technology, Munich, Germany.
    Abdikeev, Niyaz
    Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
    Nishida, Toyoaki
    Department of Intelligence Science and Technology, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Toward incorporating emotions with rationality into a communicative virtual agent2011Inngår i: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 275-289Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the problem of human–computer interactions when the computer can interpret and express a kind of human-like behavior, offering natural communication. A conceptual framework for incorporating emotions with rationality is proposed. A model of affective social interactions is described. The model utilizes the SAIBA framework, which distinguishes among several stages of processing of information. The SAIBA framework is extended, and a model is realized in human behavior detection, human behavior interpretation, intention planning, attention tracking behavior planning, and behavior realization components. Two models of incorporating emotions with rationality into a virtual artifact are presented. The first one uses an implicit implementation of emotions. The second one has an explicit realization of a three-layered model of emotions, which is highly interconnected with other components of the system. Details of the model with implicit implementation of emotional behavior are shown as well as evaluation methodology and results. Discussions about the extended model of an agent are given in the final part of the paper.

  • 37.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    The Effect of Field of View on Social Interaction in Mobile Robotic Telepresence Systems2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 9th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2014), IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, s. 214-215Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One goal of mobile robotic telepresence for social interaction is to design robotic units that are easy to operate for novice users and promote good interaction between people. This paper presents an exploratory study on the effect of camera orientation and field of view on the interaction between a remote and local user. Our findings suggest that limiting the width of the field of view can lead to better interaction quality as it encourages remote users to orient the robot towards local users.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    The Effect of Field of View on Social Interaction in Mobile Robotic Telepresence Systems
  • 38.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Sivakumar, Prasanna Kumar
    SASTRA University, Thanjavur, India.
    Swaminathan, Chittaranjan Srinivas
    SASTRA University, Thanjavur, India.
    Robot-human hand-overs in non-anthropomorphic robots2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 8th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI'13 / [ed] Hideaki Kuzuoka, Vanessa Evers, Michita Imai, Jodi Forlizzi, IEEE Press, 2013, s. 227-228Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Robots that assist and interact with humans will inevitably require to successfully achieve the task of handing over objects. Whether it is to deliver desired objects for the elderly living in their homes or hand tools to a worker in a factory, the process of robot hand-overs is one worthy study within the human robot interaction community. While the study of object hand-overs have been studied in previous works, these works have mainly considered anthropomorphic robots, that is, robots that appear and move similar to humans. However, recent trends within robotics, and in particular domestic robotics have witnessed an increase in non-anthropomorphic robotic platforms such as moving tables, teleconferencing robots and vacuum cleaners. The study of robot hand-over for nonanthropomorphic robots and in particular the study of what constitute a successful hand-over is at focus in this paper. For the purpose of investigation, the TurtleBot, which is a moving table like device is used in a home environment.

  • 39.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Mosiello, Giovanni
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Semi-Autonomous Cooperative Driving for Mobile Robotic Telepresence Systems2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 9th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2014), IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, s. 104-104Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile robotic telepresence (MRP) has been introduced to allow communication from remote locations. Modern MRP systems offer rich capabilities for human-human interactions. However, simply driving a telepresence robot can become a burden especially for novice users, leaving no room for interaction at all. In this video we introduce a project which aims to incorporate advanced robotic algorithms into manned telepresence robots in a natural way to allow human-robot cooperation for safe driving. It also shows a very first implementation of cooperative driving based on extracting a safe drivable area in real time using the image stream received from the robot.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Semi-Autonomous Cooperative Driving for Mobile Robotic Telepresence Systems
    Download (mp4)
    Semi-Autonomous Cooperative Driving for Mobile Robotic Telepresence Systems
  • 40.
    Kiselev, Andrey
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Scherlund, Mårten
    Giraff Technologies AB, Västerås, Sweden.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Efremova, Natalia
    Plekhanom University, Moscow, Russia.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Auditory immersion with stereo sound in a mobile robotic telepresence system2015Inngår i: 10th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, 2015, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Auditory immersion plays a significant role in generating a good feeling of presence for users driving a telepresence robot. In this paper, one of the key characteristics of auditory immersion - sound source localization (SSL) - is studied from the perspective of those who operate telepresence robots from remote locations. A prototype which is capable of delivering soundscape to the user through Interaural Time Difference (ITD) and Interaural Level Difference (ILD) using the ORTF stereo recording technique was developed. The prototype was evaluated in an experiment and the results suggest that the developed method is sufficient for sound source localization tasks.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Auditory Immersion with Stereo Sound in a Mobile Robotic Telepresence System
  • 41.
    Knudsen, Kati
    et al.
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pöder, Ulrika
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Högman, Marieann
    Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Larsson, Anders
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Larsson, Jan
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    How anaesthesiologists understand difficult airway guidelines: an interview study2017Inngår i: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 122, nr 4, s. 243-248Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the practice of anaesthesia, clinical guidelines that aim to improve the safety of airway procedures have been developed. The aim of this study was to explore how anaesthesiologists understand or conceive of difficult airway management algorithms.

    Methods: A qualitative phenomenographic design was chosen to explore anaesthesiologists’ views on airway algorithms. Anaesthesiologists working in three hospitals were included. Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted.

    Results: Four different ways of understanding were identified, describing airway algorithms as: (A) a law-like rule for how to act in difficult airway situations; (B) a cognitive aid, an action plan for difficult airway situations; (C) a basis for developing flexible, personal action plans for the difficult airway; and (D) the experts’ consensus, a set of scientifically based guidelines for handling the difficult airway.

    Conclusions: The interviewed anaesthesiologists understood difficult airway management guidelines/algorithms very differently.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    How anaesthesiologists understand difficult airway guidelines: an interview study
  • 42.
    Kolkowska, Ella
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Avatare Nöu, Anneli
    RISE SICS, Kista, Sweden.
    Sjölinder, Marie
    RISE SICS, Kista, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    A user-centered ethical assessment of welfare technology for elderly2018Inngår i: Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Applications in Health, Assistance, and Entertainment / [ed] Jia Zhou, Gavriel Salvendy, Springer, 2018, s. 59-73Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Welfare technology (WT) is often developed with a technical perspective, and little consideration is taken regarding the involvement of important ethical considerations and different values that come up during the development and implementation of WT. Safety, security and privacy are significant, as well as the usability and overall benefit of the tool, but to date assessments often lack a holistic picture of the WT as seen by the users. This paper suggests a user-centered ethical assessment (UCEA) framework for WT to be able to evaluate ethical consequences as a part of the user-centered aspects. Building on established methodologies from research on ethical considerations, as well as the research domain of human-computer interaction, this assessment framework joins knowledge of ethical consequences with aspects affecting the “digitalization with the individual in the center”, e.g. privacy, safety, well-being, dignity, empowerment and usability. The framework was applied during development of an interface for providing symptom information to Parkinson patients. The results showed that the UCEA framework directs the attention to values emphasized by the patients. Thus, functionality of the system was evaluated in the light of values and expected results of the patients, thereby facilitating follow-up of a user-centered assessment. The framework may be further developed and tested, but in this study it served as a working tool for assessing ethical consequences of WT as a part of user-centered aspects.

  • 43.
    Kondyli, Vasiliki
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Multimodality on the Road: Towards Evidence-Based Cognitive Modelling of Everyday Roadside Human Interactions2020Inngår i: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering / [ed] Lars Hanson, Dan Högberg, Erik Brolin, IOS Press , 2020, Vol. 11, s. 131-142Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose an evidence based methodology for the systematic analysis and cognitive characterisation of multimodal interactions in naturalistic roadside situations such as driving, crossing a street etc. Founded on basic human modalities of embodied interaction, the proposed methodology utilises three key characteristics crucial to roadside situations, namely: explicit and implicit mode of interaction, formal and informal means of signalling, and levels of context-specific (visual) attention. Driven by the fine-grained interpretation and modelling of human behaviour in naturalistic settings, we present an application of the proposed model with examples from a work-in-progress dataset consisting of baseline multimodal interaction scenarios and variations built therefrom with a particular emphasis on joint attention and diversity of modalities employed. Our research aims to open up an interdisciplinary frontier for the human-centred design and evaluation of artificial cognitive technologies (e.g., autonomous vehicles, robotics) where embodied (multimodal) human interaction and normative compliance are of central significance.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Multimodality on the Road: Towards Evidence-Based Cognitive Modelling of Everyday Roadside Human Interactions
  • 44.
    Kondyli, Vasiliki
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Visuo-Locomotive Update in the Wild: The Role of (Un)Familiarity in Choice of Navigation Strategy, and its Application in Computational Spatial Design2021Inngår i: Proceedings of the ... Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, ISSN 1069-7977, Vol. 43, s. 2017-2023Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study active human visuo-locomotive experience in everyday navigation from the viewpoints of environmental familiarity, embodied reorientation, and (sensorimotor) spatial update. Following a naturalistic, in situ, embodied multimodal behaviour analysis method, we conclude that familiar users rely on environmental cues as a navigation-aid and exhibit proactive decision-making, whereas unfamiliar users rely on manifest cues, are late in decision-making, and show no sign of sensorimotor spatial update. Qualitative analysis reveals that both groups are able to sketch-map their route and consider path integration: i.e., conscious spatial representation updating was possible but not preferred during active navigation. Overall, the experimental task did not trigger automatic or reflexlike spatial updating, as subjects preferred strategies involving memory of perceptual cues and available manifest cues instead of relying on motor simulation and continuous spatial update. Rooted in the behavioural outcomes, we also position applications in computational modelling of navigation within cognitive technologies for architectural design synthesis.

  • 45.
    Kondyli, Vasiliki
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Spyridonos, Evgenia
    University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Visuo-Locomotive Complexity as a Component of Parametric Design for Architecture2021Inngår i: Design for Tomorrow — Volume 2: Proceedings of ICoRD 2021 / [ed] Amaresh Chakrabarti; Ravi Poovaiah; Prasad Bokil; Vivek Kant, Springer, 2021, Vol. 2, s. 993-1004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A people-centred approach for designing large-scale built-up spaces necessitates systematic anticipation of user’s embodied visuo-locomotive experience from the viewpoint of human-environment interaction factors pertaining to aspects such as navigation, wayfinding, usability. In this context, we develop a behaviour-based visuo-locomotive complexity model that functions as a key correlate of cognitive performance vis-a-vis internal navigation in built-up spaces. We also demonstrate the model’s implementation and application as a parametric tool for the identification and manipulation of the architectural morphology along a navigation path as per the parameters of the proposed visuospatial complexity model. We present examples based on an empirical study in two healthcare buildings and showcase the manner in which a dynamic and interactive parametric (complexity) model can promote behaviour-based decision-making throughout the design process to maintain desired levels of visuospatial complexity as part of a navigation or wayfinding experience. 

  • 46.
    Kondyli, Vasiliki
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Suchan, Jakob
    German Aerospace Center (DLR), Köln, Germany.
    A Cognitive Model of Visuospatial Complexity for Interactive Immersive Media Design2022Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of immersive visuoauditory media brings to the fore several design challenges concerning cognitive human factors, such as visual perception, embodied interaction, and emotional engagement. With a focus on visual perception, our research emphasises a systematic study of embodied multimodal interaction in immersive settings and provides a cognitive model of visuospatial complexity through a series of behavioural studies in VR with human subjects. We report preliminary results on the effect of levels of visuospatial complexity on visuospatial attention patterns and visual search performance. The proposed methodology provides a general foundation for conducting naturalistic studies in immersive perception and interaction, e.g., in the context of established paradigms such as event perception, ensemble perception, visual search and foraging, change blindness. Moreover, we posit that the demonstrated confluence of computational and behavioural studies is needed to better appreciate the complexity and spectrum of varied human-centred challenges in the design of immersive media.

  • 47.
    Kondyli, Vasiliki
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Suchan, Jakob
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Towards a Human-Centred Cognitive Model of Visuospatial Complexity in Everyday Driving2020Inngår i: CEUR Workshop Proceedings / [ed] Rudolph S., Marreiros G., CEUR-WS.org , 2020, Vol. 2655Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a human-centred, cognitive model of visuospatial complexity in everyday, naturalistic driving conditions. With a focus on visual perception, the model incorporates quantitative, structural, and dynamic attributes identifiable in the chosen context; the human-centred basis of the model lies in its behavioural evaluation with human subjects with respect to psychophysical measures pertaining to embodied visuoauditory attention. We report preliminary steps to apply the developed cognitive model of visuospatial complexity for human-factors guided dataset creation and benchmarking, and for its use as a semantic template for the (explainable) computational analysis of visuospatial complexity.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Towards a human-centred cognitive model of visuospatial complexity in everyday driving
  • 48.
    Kondyli, Vasiliki
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Suchan, Jakob
    German Aerospace Research Center (DLR), Germany.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Grounding Embodied Multimodal Interaction: Towards Behaviourally Established Semantic Foundations for Human-Centered AI2022Inngår i: The 1st International Workshop on Knowledge Representation for Hybrid Intelligence (KR4HI 2022), 2022Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We position recent and emerging research in cognitive vision and perception addressing three key questions: (1) What kind of relational abstraction mechanisms are needed to perform (explainable) grounded inference --e.g., question-answering, qualitative generalisation, hypothetical reasoning-- relevant to embodied multimodal interaction? (2) How can such abstraction mechanisms be founded on behaviourally established cognitive human-factors emanating from naturalistic empirical observation? and (3) How to articulate behaviourally established abstraction mechanisms as formal declarative models suited for grounded knowledge representation and reasoning (KR) as part of large-scale hybrid AI and computational cognitive systems.

    We contextualise (1--3) in the backdrop of recent results at the interface of AI/KR, and Spatial Cognition and Computation. Our main purpose is to emphasise the importance of behavioural research based foundations for next-generation, human-centred AI, e.g., as relevant to applications in Autonomous Vehicles, Social and Industrial Robots, and Visuo-Auditory Media.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Grounding Embodied Multimodal Interaction: Towards Behaviourally Established Semantic Foundations for Human-Centred AI
  • 49.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Measuring the quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence systems using presence, spatial formations  and sociometry2013Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A mobile robotic telepresence (MRP) system is characterized by a video conferencing system which is mounted on a mobile robotic base. The system allows remote pilot users to move the robot around while communicating with local users situated in the robot’s environment. One of the most promising application areas for MRP systems is to deploy them in homes of elderly who are in frequent contact with health care professionals and/or alarm operators. Using MRP systems, elderly can get in immediate contact with these services even without leaving their homes. However, this poses some challenges for the health care professionals and alarm operators. The alarm operators traditionally communicate with their clients using the telephone while the health care professionals see their patients face-to-face with little interference of computer applications. The encounters between health care professionals and patients typically take place at clinics. Neither the health care professionals nor the alarm operators visit the elderly in person. Accordingly, they have no knowledge about the layout of the homes or where the elderly may reside. Thus, the social communication between them and the elderly via MRP systems is more complex than their traditional interaction with elderly.

    This compilation thesis makes a contribution towards understanding how interaction is affected by MRP system embodiment. The work focuses on measuring quality of interaction in MRP systems deployed in domestic settings in elder care. The thesis proposes a set of useful tools for measuring interaction quality. These tools are presence, spatial formations and sociometry. They were selected based on their ability to capture important characteristics for communication via MRP systems, e.g. social communication and mobility, and have been evaluated in experiments with real end-users, that is with alarm operators, health care professionals and elderly. The tools used to conduct the experimental evaluations of MRP systems include video-based evaluations, driving sessions and retrospective interviews. These methods were carefully chosen and take into consideration the organizational background of the participants involved and the challenge of conducting experiments with the aforementioned groups of users.

    Delarbeid
    1. A review of mobile robotic telepresence
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A review of mobile robotic telepresence
    2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Advances in Human-Computer Interaction, ISSN 1687-5893, E-ISSN 1687-5907, Vol. 2013, s. 902316-Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile Robotic Telepresence (MRP) systems incorporate video conferencing equipment onto mobile robot devices which can be steered from remote locations. These systems, which are primarily used in the context of promoting social interaction between people, are becoming increasingly popular within certain application domains such as health care environments, independent living for the elderly and office environments. In this review, an overview of the various systems, application areas and challenges found in literature concerning mobile robotic telepresence is provided. The survey also proposes a set terminology for the field as there is currently a lack of standard terms for the different concepts related to MRP systems. Further, this review provides an outlook on the various research directions for developing and enhancing mobile robotic telepresence systems per se, as well as evaluating the interaction in laboratory and field settings. Finally, the survey outlines a number of design implications for the future of mobile robotic telepresence systems for social interaction.

    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Informationsteknologi; Datavetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29309 (URN)10.1155/2013/902316 (DOI)2-s2.0-84877272273 (Scopus ID)
    Prosjekter
    ExCITE
    Merknad

    Advances in Human-Computer InteractionVolume 2013 (2013), Article ID 902316, 17 pages

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-06-03 Laget: 2013-06-03 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. An exploratory study of health professionals' attitudes about robotic telepresence technology
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>An exploratory study of health professionals' attitudes about robotic telepresence technology
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of technology in human services, ISSN 1522-8835, E-ISSN 1522-8991, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 263-283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results from a video-based evaluation study of a social robotic telepresence solution for elderly. The evaluated system is a mobile teleoperated robot called Giraff that allows caregivers to virtually enter a home and conduct a natural visit just as if they were physically there. The evaluation focuses on the perspectives from primary healthcare organizations and collects the feedback from different categories of health professionals. The evaluation included 150 participants and yielded unexpected results with respect to the acceptance of the Giraff system. In particular, greater exposure to technology did not necessarily increase acceptance and large variances occurred between the categories of health professionals. In addition to outlining the results, this study provides a number of indications with respect to increasing acceptance for technology for elderly.

    Emneord
    Evaluation, human-robot interaction, organizational perspective
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Informationsteknologi; Datavetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-23315 (URN)10.1080/15228835.2011.639509 (DOI)2-s2.0-84859363579 (Scopus ID)
    Merknad

    The final version of this article can be read at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/15228835.2011.639509

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-11-08 Laget: 2012-06-08 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Measuring the quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence: a pilot's perspective
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Measuring the quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence: a pilot's perspective
    2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 89-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a method for measuring the quality of interaction in social mobile robotic telepresence. The methodology is in part based on Adam Kendon's theory of F-formations. The theory is based on observations of how bodies naturally orient themselves during interaction between people in real life settings. In addition, two presence questionnaires (Temple Presence Inventory and Networked Minds Social Presence Inventory), designed to measure the users' perceptions of others and the environment when experienced through a communication medium are used. The perceived presence and ease of use are correlated to the spatial formations between the robot and an actor. The proposed methodology is validated experimentally on a dataset consisting of interactions between an elder (actor) and 21 different users being trained in piloting a mobile robotic telepresence unit. The evaluation has shown that these tools are suitable for evaluating mobile robotic telepresence and also that correlations between the tools used exist. Further, these results give iportant quidlines on how to improve the interface in order to increase the quality of interaction.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Springer, 2013
    Emneord
    mobile robotic telepresence, F-formations, methodology, presence, telepresence, quality of interaction
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Informationsteknologi; Datavetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24238 (URN)10.1007/s12369-012-0166-7 (DOI)000333758400007 ()2-s2.0-84872555676 (Scopus ID)
    Prosjekter
    ExCITE
    Merknad

    Funding Agency:

    EU under the Ambient Assisted Living Joint Programme

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-08-06 Laget: 2012-08-06 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Using retrospective interviews to assess interaction quality in mobile robotic telepresence
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Using retrospective interviews to assess interaction quality in mobile robotic telepresence
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we focus on spatial formations when interacting via mobile robotic telepresence (MRP) systems. Previous research has found that those who used a MRP system to make a remote visit (pilot users) tended to use different spatial formations from what is typical in humanhuman interaction. In this paper, we present the results of a study where a pilot user interacted with ten elderly via a MRP system. Intentional deviations from known accepted spatial formations were made in order to study their effect on interaction quality from the local user perspective. Using a retrospective interviews technique, the elderly commented on the interaction and confirmed the importance of adhering to acceptable spatial configurations. The results show that there is a mismatch between pilot behavior and local user preference and that it is important to evaluate a MRP system from two perspectives, the pilot user’s and the local user’s .

    Emneord
    F-formations, Mobile Robotic Telepresence, MRP systems, Quality of Interaction, Retrospective Interview, Spatial Formations, Spatial Configurations
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Informationsteknologi; Datavetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29091 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-05-21 Laget: 2013-05-21 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
    5. Towards measuring quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence using sociometric badges.
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Towards measuring quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence using sociometric badges.
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of mobile robotic telepresence for social communication is in rapid expansion and it is of interest to understand what promotes good interaction. In this paper, we present the results of an experiment where novice users were given a guided tour while maneuvering a mobile robotic telepresence system for the first time. In a previous study, it was found that subjective presence questionnaires and observations of spatial configurations based on Kendon’s F-formations were useful to evaluate quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence. In an effort to find more automatized methods to assess the quality of interaction, the study in this paper used the same measures with an addition of objective sociometric measures. Experimental results show that the quantitative analysis of the sociometric data correlates with a number of parameters gathered via qualitative analysis, e.g. different dimensions of presence and observed problems in maneuvering the robot. The implications of this form a basis upon which a methodology for measuring interaction quality can be obtained.

    Emneord
    Mobile Robotic Telepresence, F-formations, Spatial Formations, Presence, Telepresence, Sociometry, Methodology, Quality of Interaction
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Informationsteknologi; Datavetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29095 (URN)
    Merknad

    Now also published as an article:  http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pjbr.2013.4.issue-1/pjbr-2013-0005/pjbr-2013-0005.xml?format=INT

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-05-21 Laget: 2013-05-21 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
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  • 50.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Spatial configuration in communication via a MRP system2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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